Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
3Activity
P. 1
Gaspar Noe, Revista THC51, 2012

Gaspar Noe, Revista THC51, 2012

Ratings: (0)|Views: 129 |Likes:
Published by Celeste Orozco

More info:

Published by: Celeste Orozco on Aug 08, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

12/10/2013

pdf

text

original

 
Xcbrk jrcafX/ik Xnkgzc jn|ocifjc
 
\cr
 
Hkokxzk Crcthc
Eczcx
 
X{b' Hcc|
Afx|fr Gcî/ hnGkfxzf ~ unfdkrc
Kgzrø |cr of |{krzf arfgjk jko kxhægjfoc hcg
Nrrkukrxnbok
/jcgjk of uncokghnf ~ ko rkfonxic xcg ngxk|frfbokx' \krc fjkiæxjk xfbkr jk hngk/ kx {g kp|krnikgzfjc unfdkrc jk of hcghnkghnf/zfgzc v{k x{ ôoznif |koéh{of kx {gf kpzkgxf unxnøg jk JIZ'Xcbrkikxf hcg {g `cibrk v{k enoif of ikgzk
kgzrkUnXzf z@H
 
Z@H
± 86
H
{fgjc frrfghø kxzk xnaoc/ kg2<<8/ k
Nrrkukrxnbok 
xk kxzrkgøkg of Frakgzngf/ xk jkhéf v{kkrf {gf |koéh{of xøoc f|zf |frf v{nk)gkx xk hcgi{kukg hcg of uncokghnf'\cr kxf |koéh{of {k v{k i{h`cx hc)gchnicx f Afx|fr Gcî (v{k kx fr)akgzngc/ f{gv{k unuk kg Erfghnf.'Kkhznufikgzk/
Nrrkukrxnbok 
ngho{~k{gf uncofhnøg ~ {g fxkxngfzc f aco|kxhcg {g ifzf{kac/ oifjcx kg jk)zfook ~ hcg bfxzfgzk uîrznac' Of |koé)h{of/ gfrrfjf jk fzræx |frf fjkofgzk/hnkrrf hcg kxzf rfxk4
Ok zki|x jkzr{nz zc{z 
]
‟Ko znki|c jkxzr{~k zcjc’ 
Y'\fxfrcg xknx föcx `fxzf v{k uco)unicx f xfbkr jk îo' ^ rkhnîg `fhk|chcx ikxkx/ Gcî ucounø f of Fr)akgzngf |cr jcx icznucx4 |rnikrc/|frf ukr f x{ ifjrk= xka{gjc/ |frf kxzrkgfr
Kgzkr Zk Ucnj 
]
‟Kgzrfr fo ufhéc’ 
Y/ v{k `fbéf zkringfjc zrkxföcx fzræx' Zk Ucnj kx {g bconh`kv{k v{kjf kg cmnc/ jcgjk zrfgx)h{rrk |frzk ni|crzfgzk jk kxzf `nx)zcrnf jk jcx `krifgcx fikrnhfgcx`{îrfgcx jk |fjrk ~ ifjrk v{k xk d{rfrcg jkonjfj kzkrgf'Cxhfr kx jkfokr' H{fgjc ki)|nktf of |koéh{of/ ocx `krifgcxhcgukrxfg xcbrk of i{krzk kg koicgcfibnkgzk jcgjk unukg/ rkg)zk f Zk Ucnj/ no{ingfjcx |cr ocxgkcgkx ukrjkx/ uncokzfx ~ {hxnfx jkobconh`k' Fo rfzc/ îo xk jf {g |n|f)tc jk JI/ xk jkxjcbof/ uk crifx|xnhcjîonhfx/ |krc x{kgf ko zkoîcgc~ kx foa{nkg v{k ok |njk {g |chc'Hcic |{kjk/ kghfrf of cjnxkf jkookafr `fxzf Zk Ucnj/ xk zcif {gæhnjc/ xk kgh{kgzrf hcg {g finac~ hcikgzfg
Ko onbrc znbkzfgc jk ocx  I{krzc
' Kgzrf f Ko Ufhéc' Fgzkxjk v{k of |conhéf df|cgkxf ok fa{) dkrkk of |{krzf jko bföc f bfoftcx/îo uk of hfrf jk v{nkg oc zrfnhncgø'H{fgjc ko |nbk hfk xcbrk kxf okzrn)gf i{arnkgzf/ |cgaæicxok i{krzc/rkhnîg |fxø ikjnf `crf jk |koéh{)of' Ofx jcx `crfx v{k xna{kg xcg x{unfdk |cr of i{krzk'@fbéficx v{kjfjc kg kgzrkunx)zfr f Gcî ko jéf jko kxzrkgc/ |krch{fgjc ookaficx f of xfof/ gcx kp)|onhø v{k zkgéf |rcbokifx zîhgnhcx~/ `fxzf gc rkxcoukrocx/ gc |cjéf |kgxfr kg czrf hcxf' Kg ko hngk xøoc`fbéf {gf hc|nf jk of |koéh{of kgjuj/ ofx jk fozf hfonjfj ookafréfgjkxjk Kxzfjcx [gnjcx jéfx jkx|{îx/fxé v{k fo icikgzc jko kxzrkgc/zcjc |frkhéf ngjnhfr v{k ukréficx{gf hc|nf hcic of v{k zk hci|ræxkg of hfook/ |krc kg |fgzfoof arfg)jk/ oc v{k farfuf ofx hcxfx'Gcî jkhnjnø gc |rkxkgzfr of |k)oéh{of/ xé |njnø jnxh{o|fx/ kp|onhø of xnz{fhnøg ~ fhofrø v{k krf i{h`cikdcr jk oc v{k nbfg f ukr' Xc|cr)zø kg of xfof hnghc ing{zcx' Xfonø f ofx |{zkfjfx/ |rkch{|fjc |crv{k of akgzk xk nbf f ifrkfr/ okx nbf f ki)|ktfr f jcokr of hfbktf c ofx unxncgkxjk JI okx jfréfg gæ{xkfx' ‟\frf ukrof fxé/ kx ikdcr v{k of inrkg kgH{kufgf’/ jndc' X{x|kgjnø of kgzrk)unxzf/ xk {k f hkgfr hcg x{ |fjrk/ko |ngzcr Ekon|k Gcî (ufrncx jk x{xh{fjrcx/ ocx iæx |xnhcjîonhcx/ f|frk)hkg kg
Kgzkr Zk Ucnj 
. ~ f ocx |chcxjéfx ucounø f Erfghnf' [g ikx jkx)|{îx gcx funxø v{k kxzfbf kg Frakg)zngf |cr i{~ |chc znki|c'Kxzf kgzrkunxzf/ fhofrfhncgkx ik)jnfgzkx/ xk `ntc ko ôoznic jcing)ac jk \fxh{f/ j{rfgzk of xcbrkikxf finonfr jk ocx Gcî/ kg {gc jk ocxh{frzcx jk of hfxf jk x{ `krifgf/kg ko bfrrnc |crzköc jk Bfrrfhfx/xkgzfjcx f of ikxf hcg ufrncx fjcr)gcx jk hfg{znoocx v{k Afx|fr hci)|frø hcg ofx unxncgkx jk f~f`{fxhf'X{ |fjrk gcx |njnø v{k `fbokicxxøoc jk hngk' E{k ni|cxnbok'
³Zkgîx of jkf jk fhkr
Kgzkr Z`kUcnj 
jkxjk ocx 6> föcx3
Xé/ h{fgjc zkgéf 6> un
Kxzfjcx fozk)rfjcx 
/ jk Mkg R{xxkoo/ ~ ik zciîfoa{gcx `cgacx ~ foaôg v{k czrcæhnjc' Iæx zfrjk/ ik zciî {g `cg)ac ~ un kg of zkok {gf |koéh{of jk jk)zkhznukx jk ocx föcx ;< v{k xk oofif 
Ofj~ ng z`k ofmk 
' Kx {gf |koéh{of kgunxnøg x{bdkznuf ~ fo ukrof |kgxî v{kxkréf b{kgc `fhkr {gf |koéh{of jcg)jk xk unkrf oc v{k ~c `fbéf unxzc f of zfrjk/ kxfx jkcrifhncgkx jk of |krhk|hnøg' Jk f`é kg iæx/ fark)afgjc oc v{k oké xcbrk of unjf jkx)|{îx jk of i{krzk/ xcbrk b{jnxicznbkzfgc/ ki|khî f ngukgzfr {gf `nx)zcrnf jcgjk ko |krxcgfdk |rnghn|foicréf ~ xk jkxjcbofbf ~ xk ukéf f xé inxic/ hcic {g fgzfxif/ jkx)jk frrnbf' \kgxî v{k
Ko onbrc jk ocx  I{krzcx 
krf {gf b{kgf kxzr{hz{rf |frf ko ofracikzrfdk' Of |rnikrf ukr)xnøg ch{rréf kg Frakgzngf/ of xka{g)jf kg Erfghnf/ of zkrhkrf of i{jî f G{kuf ^crm ~ jkx|{îx/ h{fgjc {n f |rkxkgzfr czrf |koéh{of f cmnc/ ikkgficrî jk cmnc ~ |kgxî v{k koa{nøg |cjéf zkgkr jkxzngc |cr ôozn)if ukt f`é' Jk `kh`c/ h{fjrf i{)h`c iæx |frf of |koéh{of'
³Høic e{k eoifr foac v{k ifj{)rfxzk j{rfgzk 2; föcx3
E{k |cr kzf|fx' E{n i{h`fx ukhkxf Df|øg |frf kxhrnbnr ko a{nøg' Kg{g icikgzc/ {g finac xk nbf f \krô f |rcbfr f~f`{fxhf/ ik ngunzø~ {n/ |kgxî v{k xkréf b{kgc zkgkrfo{hngfhncgkx |frf gc hc|nfrofx jkczrfx |koéh{ofx' @f~ zfgzcx kkhzcxunx{fokx bfrfzcx v{k rk|rkxkgzfg ocxzrn|x jk ifrn`{fgf/ jk OXJ/ v{kkx ikdcr ngjfafr {g |chc'
³^ høic e{krcg z{x kp|krkghfx hcgf~f{fxhf/ cgacx ~ æhjcx3
 Foa{gf b{kgfx/ czrfx ifofx' Foa{)gfx xcg zfg ngzkgxfx v{k xk hcgunkr)zkg kg |koéh{ofx jk zkrrcr' \krc {gzrn| |{kjk ki|ktfr ifo ~ zkrin)gfr bnkg/ c fo rkuîx'
Hcgzfik foa{gc'
Kg {g icikgzc xcg i{~ ngzkgxfx/|krc jkx|{îx/ kg of ikicrnf/ xk ufgjkxjnb{dfgjc ofx kp|krnkghnfx v{kz{unxzk f ocx 2< föcx' H{fgjc zk)gîx :; unx{foikgzk zk v{kjf |chc/xcg xkgxfhncgkx ~ `fxzf ocx unfdkxzrf{ifzntfgzkx/ fo hfbc jk hnkrzcznki|c/ zk hf{xfg rnxf' Ocx unfdkxiæx unx{fokx {krcg hcg f~f`{fx)hf' Of |rcbî kg Erfghnf/ h{fgjcgc kxzfbf |rc`nbnjf' @fhkroc kg{g hcgzkpzc jcgjk xfbîx v{k kxzæ |rc`nbnjc kx {g |chc |kxfjc/ xn fo)a{nkg xk |cgk ifo/ xn ocx ukhngcxxk v{kdfg‥ Kg \krô kx okafo ~ oc`fhîx= ~ `f~ icxv{nzcx ~ `f~ frf)öfx/ hcxfx fxé'
³V{î rkhcrjæx jk of kp|krkghf v{kz{xzk kg \krô3
E{k kg \{hfoo|f/ ik zciî {g bfr)v{nzc ~ {n f ukr f {g h`fiæg' Kxi{~ {krzk/ inkgzrfx of |krxcgf v{k hfgzf zk a{éf |cr ko unfdk |c)jîx xkgznr v{k of hfbktf zk kp|oc)zf kg ino |kjftcx' Ofx unxncgkx xcgi{~ kokhzrøgnhfx/ hcic z{bcx jkgkøg/ hcic hn{jfjkx jko {z{rc/hcic ko ngzkrncr jk {g |ofzc uc)ofjcr/ hcic of |koéh{of 
rcg
/ zcjcgkarc hcg rf~nzfx i{~ hcocrnjfx/ ~ zkgîx crifx akciîzrnhfx/ ikjncng`{ifgfx/ hfxn kpzrfzkrrkxzrkx v{kxcg hcic jk `nxzcrnkzf df|cgkxf'Of kp|krnkghnf kx |rc{gjf |krc/unx{foikgzk/ ofx crifx v{k unk)gkg f z{ ikgzk |frkhkg i{~ frzn)hnfokx/ i{~ |{gznfa{jfx' Kx {gf kp|krnkghnf fhcgxkdfbok |frf fv{k)oocx v{k xk xnkgzkg {krzkx |frf un)unrof ~ kg {g b{kg hcgzkpzc |frf `fhkrof' @f~ akgzk f of v{k ok xfokko znrc |cr of h{ofzf/ xn kxzæx kg {gifo hcgzkpzc c xn kxzæx ifo/ ~f xf)bîx''' hcic zcjfx ofx jrcafx'
³Høic e{k ko jéf jkx|{îx3
\cjîx zkgkr niæakgkx jk zkrrcrv{k zk |krxna{kg {g hnkrzc znki)|c c niæakgkx jk foac v{k xk |f)rkhk fo |frféxc/ c niæakgkx jk o{t c|kgxfinkgzc ng`fbnz{fokx |krc/ kgzcjc hfxc/ of f~f`{fxhf gc jkdf rk)xfhf ~ h{fgjc xk hcrzf/ bfdf |f{of)zngfikgzk' Fo jéf xna{nkgzk zk xkgzéxi{~ rkxv{nzc' H{fgjc kxzæ hcrzf)jf hcg jfz{rf gc/ |crv{k of jfz{)rf j{rf i{h`f iæx znki|c/ kx {gf |ofgzf i{~ |kxfjf' Of if~cr |frzkjk of akgzk v{k {if c bkbk jfz{rf kgzrf kg {g zrn| ngkrgfo kg v{k gnrkhcrjæx v{k kxzæx jrcafjc' \cjîx`fbofr hcg of `kofjkrf |kgxfgjc kgv{k kx z{ ifjrk' Unxzc jkxjk f{k)rf/ of akgzk `fhk hcxfx zczfoikgzknoøanhfx/ |krc jkxjk fjkgzrc zcjczk |frkhk i{~ rkfo'
³Zfibîg |rcbfxzk JIZ e{ifjc3
rkx ukhkx kg in unjf' J{rf i{~ |chc/ kx hcic ko zrænokr jk {gf |k)oéh{of xcbrk f~f`{fxhf' \cjîx ookafrf hnkrzcx gnukokx x{|krncrkx/ |krc of ukrjfj kx v{k h{fgjc xk hcrzf kxzæxrk fonunfjc/ |crv{k `f~ foac kpzrf)zkrrkxzrk kg ofx |krhk|hncgkx/ |{kjkxkr fxhngfgzk/ |krc gc kx farfjfbok'Kx hcic xn {gf {krtf x{|krncr `{)bnkxk uncofjc z{ ikgzk' Kg ko ikdcrjk ocx hfxcx/ ukx niæakgkx ongjéxn)ifx/ hcocrnjfx ~ hci|okdfx'
³Zk |rka{gzæx jk jøgjk kgkg kxfxiæakgkx3
 ^c zciî xfounf {gf xcof ukt/ kg@cofgjf/ ~ ik |frkhnø kxzfr kg{g i{gjc bnjnikgxncgfo/ jcgjk`fbéf hcxfx v{k anrfbfg/ hcg xcgn)jcx ikzæonhcx' [gf hcxf zczfoikgzkikhægnhf/ ng`{ifgf/ v{k gc zkgéf gfjf v{k ukr hcg ko zn|c jk niæak)gkx v{k zkgîx kg z{x x{köcx c v{kukx kg of unjf rkfo' fibnîg h{fg)jc zciæx f~f`{fxhf c JI ukxcrifx v{k gc xk |frkhkg f gfjf v{k `f~fx unxzc' Kg ocx |kcrkx hfxcx`f~ akgzk v{k xk xnkgzk hcic |c)xkéjf |cr foa{gf crif jk unjf kp)zrfzkrrkxzk/ |crv{k z{ hkrkbrc jkdf jk |kgxfr ~ jk foaôg icjc jkdf jkukr' k |frkhk v{k foac xk ikznø kgof hfbktf ~ zk kxzæg |rc~khzfgjcniæakgkx jk czrc i{gjc'
ENOIFR KO ZRN\
³Hrkîx v{k kg of |koéh{of ocarfxzkrk|rkxkgzfr bkg {g fdk3
Ocx unfdkx jk JI xcg i{h`c iæxrfrcx v{k oc v{k xk uk kg of |koéh{of/jcgjk f|frkhk {gf ikthof jk oc v{k
Ko JIZ kx hcic ko zrænokr jk {gf |koéh{ofxcbrk f~f`{fxhf' Of ukrjfj kx v{k h{fgjc xkhcrzf kxzæx rk fonunfjc/ `f~ foac kpzrfzkrrkxzrkkg ofx |krhk|hncgkx/ |{kjk xkr efxhngfgzk/|krc gc kx farfjfbok' Kx hcic xn {gf e{krtfx{|krncr `{bnkxk uncofjc z{ ikgzk'
 
82 ±
Z@H
 
xk |{kjk ukr hcg `cgacx/ hcg OXJkg fozfx jcxnx' Ofx crifx akciîzrn)hfx v{k f|frkhkg kg ko JI xcgiæx |{gznfa{jfx ~ hcg {gf jkgn)hnøg iæx |rkhnxf' Hcic xn oc v{k zk)gîx kg of hfbktf z{unkrf i{h`cx iæx|épkokx v{k oc v{k ukx hcg z{x cdcx'
X zîhghfikgzk xk |{kjkg ocarfrkxfx iæakgkx/ ³kg v{î fx|khzcx of|koéh{of gc oc rkeokdf3
Ocx kkhzcx jk of |koéh{of ocx `ntc {gf hci|föéf jk kkhzcx unx{fokx/ v{k kxof ikdcr v{k `f~ kg Erfghnf' ^c okx`nhk {g icgzøg jk aræhcx ~ jnb{dcxhcic rkkrkghnf ~ kx hnkrzc v{k/ |kxk f zcjc/ f v{k ngzkgzî fhkrhfrik oc iæx|cxnbok f oc v{k xkréf {gf unxnøg jkJI/ of |koéh{of xna{k kxzfgjc i{~ okdcx jk oc v{k kx' Ko kv{n|c jk kkh)zcx unx{fokx gc `fbéf zcifjc kxzk zn|cjk x{xzfghnfx/ ngzkr|rkzfrcg oc v{k ~cokx jndk' \krc |frf ocarfr `fhkr unxnc)gkx jk JI c jk f~f`{fxhf ~ v{kxkfg rkfoikgzk hcic ofx v{k xk znkgkg/zkgjréfg v{k `fbkr |rcbfjc'
³\cr v{î kgzrk zfgzcx fdkx kokax)zk hcgzfr {g ifo eofx3
In |koéh{of gc jkdf jk xkr foac `fx)zf ngfgzno/ kx i{~ gfrrfznuf' Hrkcv{k xn foa{nkg `fhk {g zrn| kg ko ic)ikgzc jk of i{krzk c {g unfdk |cxziørzki/ xn kpnxznkxk/ xkréf {gf hcxf i{~ fbxzrfhzf/ iæx |xnhøznhf v{k ocv{k kx in |koéh{of/ jcgjk `f~ i{)h`cx jnæocacx' Of rkfonjfj jk {g unf) dk fo{hngøakgc/ xn ko foif |{jnkrf rkfoikgzk xk|frfrxk jko h{kr|c/ xk)réf i{h`c iæx unx{fo/ kp|krnikg)zfo ~ zrfxhkgjkgzfo'
³\cr v{î xka{xzk ko hfigc jk ofgfrrfhøg3
\frf hcgxka{nr ko jngkrc/ kxk krf kohci|rcinxc4 {g ofracikzrfdk hcg fh)zcrkx/ hcg kkhzcx kx|khnfokx/ foac v{kxk |{kjf gfghnfr ~ v{k |{kjf ookafrf hnkrzc |ôbonhc' \cjréf `fbkr `kh`c{gf |koéh{of i{h`c iæx bfrfzf/ |krckg kxk hfxc xcg czrcx hnrh{nzcx'
JKXJCBOFINKGZCX
Ko JIZ kx {gf x{xzfghf v{k zfi)bîg |rcj{hk g{kxzrc crafgxic~ v{k xk obkrf kg jcx icikgzcx4fo gfhkr ~ fo icrr' Z{ |rczfacgx)zf i{krk zkgkgjc {g fdk jk JIZe{ifjc/ fhk {g jcbok fdk‥
@f~ zkcréfx v{k jnhkg v{k ko JIkx oc v{k zk `fhk xcöfr/ v{k ko hkrk)brc ofraf {gfx acznzfx égifx hfjf gch`k' ^ xcöfr jkbk zkgkr foaôg {g)jfikgzc/ zcjc oc v{k `fhk ko h{kr)|c kxzæ onafjc f of x{|krunukghnf' Ko|rczfacgnxzf/ h{fgjc bfdf |cr ofx kx)hfokrfx/ jnhk v{k xk zciø {g æhnjczfibnîg' Fxé v{k æhnjc iæx JI/~f zkgîx of hfbktf hcic {g zfibcr'Iæx v{k ok |kafg {g bfoftc ~ i{k)rk/ iæx ko inkjc/ of fjrkgfongf' Kgocx x{köcx fxzrfokx/ h{fgjc of akgzkjnhk4
 Ik un jkxjk fe{krf/ ik jkxjc)boî 
/ kx |crv{k of |frzk v{k kxzæ fo)rkjkjcr jk of crkdf kxzæ fgkxzkxnfjf'@f~ zrkx uæou{ofx f`é v{k rka{ofg kokv{nonbrnc= xn ofx zkgîx fgkxzkxnfjfx/zkgîx of xkgxfhnøg jk eczfr' Hciczkgîx {g hcgchninkgzc kx|fhnfo jkoo{afr f jøgjk kxzæx/ rkh{|kræx ko kx|f)hnc kg 8J/ hcic |cr hci|{zfjcrf/|krc zk ufx f unx{fontfr jkxjk f{k)rf/ eczfgjc xcbrk ucx inxic/ |cr)v{k ~f gc `f~ iæx arfukjfj jkgzrcjk z{ hfbktf'
Gc oc rkofhcgæx hcg foac ikzfeéxhc'
 F ukhkx ocx x{köcx xcg jnukrznjcx/czrfx ukhkx inxzkrncxcx/ czrfx xcg |k)xfjnoofx ~ kxc/ f ukhkx/ |chc znkgk v{kukr hcg ocx kukgzcx v{k xcöfxzk' \c)jîx xcöfr hcg {g afznzc v{k kxzæ zc)ifgjc okh`k kg {g |ofznzc ~ kx {gf |kxfjnoof |crv{k `f~ foac v{k `fhkv{k of xnz{fhnøg xkf `crrnbok' Fo inx)ic znki|c/ |cjkx xcöfr v{k kxzæxhfingfgjc xcbrk {gf hn{jfj ufhéf |crv{k `{bc {gf kp|ocxnøg fzøin)hf ~ |{kjk xkr {g x{köc i{~ ongjc|crv{k kxzæx zrfgv{noc'
F{gv{k z{xzk i{hfx kp|krkg)hfx hcg jrcafx/ gc hféxzk kg ko ix)zhxic/ xgc zcjc oc hcgzrfrc'
rfzc jk xkr oøanhc' Kx ngzkrkxfg)zk f`crf ukr f in ifjrk fo{hngfg)jc zcjc ko znki|c' nkgk |rcbokifxikgzfokx/ jk k|nok|xnf gc hcgu{oxn)uf/ ~ `fhk {g ikx v{k kxzæ kg {gifo unfdk hcic g{ghf un {gc' F`ézk jfx h{kgzf jk v{k h{fgjc ko hk)rkbrc xk jkxhci|cgk x{hkjkg hcxfxv{k xcg |kcrkx v{k ofx |kcrkx jrc)afx' Xcg unfdkx jk ocx v{k ~f gc xfoéx'@f~ akgzk v{k `fhk zrn|x `crrnbokxhcg ifrn`{fgf/ |krc xfbîx v{k kgfoaôg icikgzc xk zkringf'
³Gc e{iæx ifr{fgf3
 ^c ~f gc {ic |crv{k ik |cgaci{~ |frfgcnhc/ jkdî h{fgjc zkgéf 28 föcx' @f~ akgzk v{k xk zrfgv{n)ontf hcic xn {kxk c|nc' F ié gc ikrkx{ozf' Ik rkx{ozf iæx ko ungc c kofohc`co' Kpzrföfikgzk/ ik ngznin)jfréf ikgcx zcifrik {g `cgac v{k{ifr ifrn`{fgf'
³^f gc {xæx jrcafx3
Kg kxzk zkif ik xnkgzc jn|ocifjc'Xn ik ngunzæx f {gf xkxnøg jk f~f`{fx)hf/ `c~ |cr `c~/ gc nréf/ gc xnkgzc of gkhkxnjfj' Xng kibfrac/ `f~ hcxfxv{k gc kxzæg hcgxnjkrfjfx jrcafx v{k|{kjkg |rcuchfr kkhzcx fo{hngøak)gcx zfibnîg/ hcic ko fohc`co' H{fg)jc zciæx i{h`c fohc`co bofghc ~ 
AFX\FR GCÎ
of hærhko' Hci|okzfikgzk f{zcgfghnfjf/h{kgzf Gcî v{k j{rfgzk ko rcjfdk ufrnfxukhkx z{uc v{k rkhcokhzfr hcofx xcbrfg
)
zkx kg ofx ofzfx jk eéoinhc/ ‟|{h`cx’ kg of dkraf/ jkdfgjc fo fhzcr hcg of rc|f h`nuf
)
jf `fxzf |cjkr ucoukr f oifr'
2'
XCOC HCGZRF ZCJCX 
(6>>0.
Ki|nktf hcg {g rkx{ikg jk
Hfrgk
v{
gcx {bnhf kg znki|c ~ kx|fhnc/ hcg of uctjko hfrgnhkrc kg c4 |fxø hnghc föcx kg ofhærhko/ x{ `ndf ~f gc kxzæ/ f`crf unuk hcg{gf i{dkr acrjf ~ kibfrftfjf f of v{kcjnf ~ zfibnîg hcg x{ x{karf/ xøoc |cr of|rcikxf jk {g jngkrc |frf ucoukr f icg
)
zfr x{ hfrgnhkréf' X{ icgøocac ngzkrncr kxhcgxzfgzk ~ jkicokjcr' Foa{gcx hfrzkokxhcg erfxkx hci|okzfg of jkrnuf jk g{kxzrc|krxcgfdk/ v{k j{rf `crf ~ ikjnf' [gc jkkoocx jnhk v{k ‟fo gfo of i{krzk gc fbrkgnga{gf |{krzf’'
\frf ukr cgongk
 
\RCZkak ICn 
(2<<8.4
{g unjkchon|hkgx{rfjc jk jnh`c zkif jk of bfgjf ng
)
aokxf \ofhkbc/ {gf craéf jk of ikgzk jkAfx|fr Gcî'
 
kuF
 
(2<<;.4
{g ing{zc ~ ikjnc jkof icjkoc h`khf Kuf @krtnacuf d{afg
)
jc kg hcr|nöc ~ bcibfh`f hcg {g af
)
znzc bkbî'
uncokghnf ~ h{kgzcx ukrjkx
Afx|fr Gcî |fxø x{ ngefghnf kgzrk B{k
)
gcx Fnrkx ~ G{kuf ^crm' Kg 6>15/ f x{x 62föcx/ x{x |fjrkx xk kpnonfrcg kg \fréx' Kx
)
z{jnø hngk kg of Oc{nx O{inàrk @na` Xh`cco~ ocxceéf kg Of Xcrbcggk' Kg 6>0; ucounøf of Frakgzngf |frf fxnxznr f \ngc Xcofgfxkg of |koéh{of
Ko kpnonc jk Afrjko 
~ jnrnanøx{ |rnikr hcrzc kg 8;ii/
Zngzfrkoof jn O{gf
' Jkx|{îx xk fxchnø hcg of hngkfxzferfghkxf O{hnok @fjtn`fonocunh (of jnrkhzc
)
rf jk
Nggchkghk
. v{nkg kjnzfréf ko |rnikrikjncikzrfdk jk Gcî (
Hfrgk
. ~ zfibnîgx{ hcgzng{fhnøg/
Xcoc hcgzrf zcjcx
' hg o
fhzcr jk fibfx |koéh{ofx/ \`noon|k Gf`cg/Gcî oiø ko hcrzc |crgc
Xcjcinzkx
~
Qk e{hm focgk
/ v{k ecrif |frzk jk {gf xkrnkjk czrcx xnkzk hcrzcx |crgc hci|nofjcxkg of |koéh{of
Jkxzrnhzkj 
jk 2<<5' F`crfzrfbfdf kg {gf |koéh{of krøznhf'
6'
HFRGk 
(6>>6.
[gf |kv{köf ngzrcj{hhnøg xcbrk of hfr
)
gk jk hfbfooc hcic fonikgzc' Hcrzk ~ {ghfbfooc h`crrkf onzrcx jk xfgark' Fhzc xk
)
a{njc/ {gf kibfrftfjf hcinkgjc kxfhfrgk= jkx|{îx/ ko |frzc kg |rnikr |ofgc'Kg kxk inxic rkanxzrc xfoufdk/ of i{
)
 dkr fbfgjcgf f of gnöf/ v{k xk uf f hrnfrhcg x{ |fjrk hfrgnhkrc/ oc v{k x{xhnzf{gf xkrnk jk k|nxcjncx v{k oc ookufg f
62
iæpnif |{rktf

Activity (3)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
ellibanes2 added this note
gracias
ellibanes2 liked this
1 hundred reads

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->