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Energy Efficient Elevators and Escalators and Regeneration

Energy Efficient Elevators and Escalators and Regeneration

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Published by ascensorim
Electric-Electronic-Elevator-Escalator
Electric-Electronic-Elevator-Escalator

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Published by: ascensorim on Aug 08, 2012
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01/14/2013

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MSEE. Ibrahim GULESIN
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49
 
The energy has become essential, but its high costs should motivate us to save wherever ispossible. In particular, in Europe today there are nearly five million elevators and escalators, so 5million of opportunities for action that could affect energy efficiency, energy recovery and thepossibility of reducing the emission of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere (CO2) during theoperation. It is therefore important to keep in mind that the less we consume, the less it pollution.
 
MSEE. Ibrahim GULESIN
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Introduction....................................................................................................................................................... 3Energy Transfer.................................................................................................................................................. 7The method of Schroeder.................................................................................................................................. 9The measurements of Doolard........................................................................................................................ 12Calculating the power required to lift the load............................................................................................... 13Energy consumption electric motor with inverter.......................................................................................... 15Energy consumption for permanent magnet motor with inverter................................................................. 15Energy consumption for hydraulic drive......................................................................................................... 18The method of ISO........................................................................................................................................... 19The electricity consumption of lifts in Europe................................................................................................. 28Solutions for increased efficiency with the modernization of elevators .................................................... 28General principles for achieving energy efficiency ..................................................................................... 28Energy is consumed by the elevator and escalator mainly with:............................................................ 30There are many factors that influence these losses to a system of elevator and escalators:.................... 30Characteristics of equipment used.......................................................................................................... 30The system configuration of lift / escalator. ........................................................................................... 30The major producers of elevators What are you doing? ................................................................................ 31SCHINDLER............................................................................................................................................... 31KONE........................................................................................................................................................ 31OTIS.......................................................................................................................................................... 32ThyssenKrupp Elevator............................................................................................................................ 32
Delbo S.P.A.
...........................................................................................
Errore. Il segnalibro non è definito.
DB-Ecogen Energy from the sun to 'lift or escalator............................................................................... 34DB-Regen Energy Recovery..................................................................................................................... 35DB-StByGen standby energy production................................................................................................. 38DB-6REGen Energy Recovery multiplex................................................................................................... 40DB-SM-Gen Energy Recovery for escalators. .......................................................................................... 42DB-Hydro-Gen Energy Recovery for hydraulic elevators ........................................................................ 44Considerations for Energy Recovery Project............................................................................................... 33Conclusions and recommendations............................................................................................................ 46
Bibliografia
.................................................................................................................................................. 48
 
MSEE. Ibrahim GULESIN
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Introduction
Italy is the European country that emits carbon dioxide into the atmosphere about 10 times higher thanSwitzerland and much of that wasted energy that could easily be recovered for example, installing solarpanels for hot water, photovoltaic panels to produce electricity or thermal insulation in external walls androofs of buildings and produce elevators, high efficiency and low consumption or with energy recovery. Itcan even have energy savings totally consumed in the building up to more than 50%. Considering that theless you consume, pollute less, if we want to respect the Kyoto protocol is necessary to implementsomething concrete even in the elevator industry. Why, considering the table below:
COUNTRY
No. ofliftsinstalled
(2010)
No. ofliftssoldannually
(2010)
Spain910.563 33.836Italy850.000 13.400German650.000 9.984Turkiye232.700 7.400
In Europa4.752.233 116.226
Thereisalreadyabout4,8millionlifts,aswellasabout75thousandescalatorsandmovingwalksinstalledintheEU-27.Theirenergyconsumptionaddsupto3to5%oftheoverallconsumptionofabuilding.AboutonethirdofthefinalenergyconsumptionintheEuropeanCommunityoccursinthetertiaryandresidentialsector,mostlyinbuildings.Duetotheincreasingcomfortrequirements,energyconsumptioninbuildingsrecentlyexperiencedasignificantraise,beingoneoftheleadingreasonsforagrowingamountofCO2emissions.Highuntappedsavingpotentialsexistwithrespecttoenergy-efficientequipment,investmentdecisionsandbehavioralapproaches,inthesesectors.Simulations indicate that on average a hydraulic lift at low load, running 100,000 starts a year, would use1,900 kWh / year. On the other hand power consumption in standby can get a lift to 2 kW, which wouldtranslate into 10,000 kWh / year for 5000 hours of standby time in a year. This represents a substantialshare of total annual electricity consumption of the elevator, which is between 25 and 80%.The elevator systems have been designed individually for each specific application. Each of its partscontribute differently to the overall efficiency of the lift. All elevator systems have common elements,regardless of their principle of operation, including: a cabin, doors, lights and ventilation systems, a motorand a control device (said control panel) with shaft,(an enclosed area where the car travels). There are twomain classes of systems: hydraulic lifts and electric traction. Electric traction can be further divided into twocategories: motor with gearbox (geared) and gearless.The hydraulic elevators are typically have no counterweight, are the most inefficient and consumes anamount of energy three times greater than an electric elevator. The energy is dissipated as heat when itgoes down. Hydraulic elevators traveling at low speeds, typically less than 1 m / s. The maximum stroke forthis type of plant is about 20 m. This is due to the fact that increasing the height of travel, the pistons of larger diameter should be used to withstand the greater forces of instability. This increases the cost of theequipment that makes the systems less attractive.

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