MSEE. Ibrahim GULESIN
Italy is the European country that emits carbon dioxide into the atmosphere about 10 times higher thanSwitzerland and much of that wasted energy that could easily be recovered for example, installing solarpanels for hot water, photovoltaic panels to produce electricity or thermal insulation in external walls androofs of buildings and produce elevators, high efficiency and low consumption or with energy recovery. Itcan even have energy savings totally consumed in the building up to more than 50%. Considering that theless you consume, pollute less, if we want to respect the Kyoto protocol is necessary to implementsomething concrete even in the elevator industry. Why, considering the table below:
Spain910.563 33.836Italy850.000 13.400German650.000 9.984Turkiye232.700 7.400
In Europa4.752.233 116.226
Thereisalreadyabout4,8millionlifts,aswellasabout75thousandescalatorsandmovingwalksinstalledintheEU-27.Theirenergyconsumptionaddsupto3to5%oftheoverallconsumptionofabuilding.AboutonethirdofthefinalenergyconsumptionintheEuropeanCommunityoccursinthetertiaryandresidentialsector,mostlyinbuildings.Duetotheincreasingcomfortrequirements,energyconsumptioninbuildingsrecentlyexperiencedasignificantraise,beingoneoftheleadingreasonsforagrowingamountofCO2emissions.Highuntappedsavingpotentialsexistwithrespecttoenergy-efficientequipment,investmentdecisionsandbehavioralapproaches,inthesesectors.Simulations indicate that on average a hydraulic lift at low load, running 100,000 starts a year, would use1,900 kWh / year. On the other hand power consumption in standby can get a lift to 2 kW, which wouldtranslate into 10,000 kWh / year for 5000 hours of standby time in a year. This represents a substantialshare of total annual electricity consumption of the elevator, which is between 25 and 80%.The elevator systems have been designed individually for each specific application. Each of its partscontribute differently to the overall efficiency of the lift. All elevator systems have common elements,regardless of their principle of operation, including: a cabin, doors, lights and ventilation systems, a motorand a control device (said control panel) with shaft,(an enclosed area where the car travels). There are twomain classes of systems: hydraulic lifts and electric traction. Electric traction can be further divided into twocategories: motor with gearbox (geared) and gearless.The hydraulic elevators are typically have no counterweight, are the most inefficient and consumes anamount of energy three times greater than an electric elevator. The energy is dissipated as heat when itgoes down. Hydraulic elevators traveling at low speeds, typically less than 1 m / s. The maximum stroke forthis type of plant is about 20 m. This is due to the fact that increasing the height of travel, the pistons of larger diameter should be used to withstand the greater forces of instability. This increases the cost of theequipment that makes the systems less attractive.