1Center or American Progress | The State o Latinos in the United States
The State of Latinos in the United States
Although This Growing Population Has Experienced MarkedSuccess, Barriers Remain
Vanessa Cárdenas and Sophia Kerby August 7, 2012
Our counry is rapidly changing. As we approach he year 2050, our naion will be increasingly more diverse, and Lainos will be one o he orces driving hisdemographic change. According o he 2010 U.S. Census Bureaupopulaion esimae, here are roughly 50.5 million Hispanics
represening abou 16 percen o he U.S. populaion. By 2050, whendemographers ell us ha here will be no racial or ehnic majoriy among he general populaion o he Unied Saes, i is projecedha he Laino populaion will double o 30 percen.
Consequenly,he role o Lainos in shaping our counry’s poliical and economicclimae is becoming more signican.Since Lainos are one o he ases-growing populaions in he coun-ry, i’s imperaive ha we address he challenges ha his communiy aces. I is well-documened ha communiies o color, includingLainos, ace signican dispariies in healh care, educaion, and eco-nomic indicaors. Tus, i’s crucial ha our local and naional leaderspu ino place policy soluions o address hese dispariies.Tis issue brie examines he sae o Lainos in he Unied Saes a largein regards o ve key areas: he workplace, educaional atainmen, healh, veerans aairs, and poliical leadership. Le’s examine each in urn.
Hispanic Americans: Who they are and where they live
Among Laino subgroups, Mexican Americans make up he largessubgroup a 63 percen and, a 38 percen, have he larges proporiono people under he age o 18. In 2010 he saes wih he larges Lainopopulaions were Caliornia (14 million), exas (9.5 million), Florida
Growing Latino presence
Latinos driving demographic changein the United States
Source: U.S. Census, available at http://www.census.gov/population/www/ projections/summarytables.html
Today, one in ﬁve children under the age of 18 is HispanicIn 2050, two in ﬁve children under the age of 18 will be Hispanic