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Current Affairs - July - Guide4BankExams

Current Affairs - July - Guide4BankExams

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Published by Shiv Ram Krishna
Current Affairs - July - Guide4BankExams - Pdf Download
Current Affairs - July - Guide4BankExams - Pdf Download

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Published by: Shiv Ram Krishna on Aug 08, 2012
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08/14/2013

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InternatIonal EvEnt
UNHRC's Resolution on Online Human Rights
United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC), the Geneva based human rights wing of UN,adopted a first ever resolution to protect the online human rights of global citizens (5th July2012). The resolution adopted by consensus, stated that citizens of the world are as much entitled to the human rights online as theyare offline. The resolution noted that there can be no doublestandard with regard to people's right of fundamental freedom andsince internet makes a major part of present world'scommunication process, all governments must endeavour toprotect the online rights of its citizens. The landmark resolutionwas sponsored by Sweden and co-sponsored by over 80 countries,that includes United States, Brazil, Turkey, Nigeria, and Tunisia.
British Government bans Indian Mjuahideen (IM)
 The British government banned the Indian Mujahideen (IM)describing it as a threat to national security and citing its allegedinvolvement in several terror attacks, including the Mumbaibombings (on 5th July 2012). The ban, which followed aunanimous vote in the House of Commons, came as five men anda woman were arrested in London in a counter-terror swoop aheadof the Olympic Games. Police said the arrests though ''significant''were not linked to any imminent attack. Those arrested - threebrothers and a married couple - were aged between 18 and 30. TheBBC said some were British nationals. Announcing the ban, HomeOffice Minister James Brokenshire said that there was evidence that the IM had been ''engaged inindiscriminate mass casualty attacks in India.''
Pakistan decides to reopen NATO supply lines
 Pakistan decided to reopen the NATO supply lines running through its territory into Afghanistanafter U.S (on 3rd July). Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said Washington was ''sorry for thelosses suffered by the Pakistan military'' in the Salala attack of November 26. Thisannouncement was made by Ms. Clinton from Washington on Tuesday night (Pakistan time)even as the Defence Committee of the Cabinet (DCC) was insession to discuss reopening the supply lines. She said Pakistanwould continue to allow transit facilities to NATO supplies free of cost. Pakistan made the announcement well over an hour after theState Department released details of a telephonic conversation thatMs. Clinton had with her Pakistani counterpart Hina RabbaniKhar. Briefing journalists, Information Minister Qamar ZamanKaira said the decision nailed the canard that was being spread of 
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Pakistan holding out on the issue primarily to get a big fee from NATO for using the GroundLines of Communication (supply lines).
United Nations Millenium Development Goal 2012
 United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moonreleased United Nations Millenium DevelopmentGoal 2012. Report on 2 July 2012. The reportnoted that three important targets on poverty, slumsand water have already been met three years aheadof 2015, the target year. On the front of poverty,the report stated that for the first time since povertytrends began to be monitored, both the number of people living in extreme poverty and the povertyrates have fallen in every developingregionincluding sub-Saharan Africa, where rates are highest. Preliminary estimates indicate thatin 2010, the share of people living on less than a 1.25 dollar a day dropped to less than half of its 1990 value. The target of providing clean drinking water to a substantial population of theworld also saw a considerable achievement as the proportion of people using improved watersources rose from 76 per cent in 1990 to 89 per cent in 2010, which means more than two billionpeople across the world today have the access to sources of clean drinking water. In developingworld the share of urban population living in slums came down to 33 per cent in 2000 from 39per cent in 2000. The millennium development goal asserted that the developing countries havealso marked considerable achievements in education as many more of the world's children areenrolled in school at the primary level, especially since 2000. Girls have benefited the most. Onthe front of AIDS control, the developing countries have achieved tremendous fate as at the endof 2012 nearly 6.5 million people in the developing countries were receiving the antiretroviraltherapy for HIV AIDS.
Asean summit ends in failure
 Days of heated diplomacy ended in failure as splits over territorial disputes with China preventedSoutheast Asian nations from issuing their customary joint statement at a summit on
13th July
. ForeignMinisters from the 10-member Asean bloc have this weektried to hammer out a final communique in Cambodia,which has held up progress on a draft code of conductaimed at soothing tension in the flashpoint South ChinaSea. China claims sovereignty over nearly all of theresource-rich sea, which is home to vital shipping lanes,but the Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia and Brunei,among others, have competing claims in the area.
U.S. imposes more sanctions on Iran
The United States unleashed a fresh wave of sanctions against Iran, ratcheting up pressure onTehran to take seriously concerns about its suspected nuclear weapons programme (on 12th July2012). The actions impose additional sanctions on Iran's ''nuclear and ballistic missileproliferation networks'' and identifies Iranian ''front companies and banks,'' the Treasury
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