Type of solidConstituent particles Nature of bondExamplesPhysical NatureElectricalConductivityMelting point1.Molecular Solids(i) NonPolar (ii) Polar (iii)Hydrogen bonded Non polar moleculesPolar moleculesH-bondedmoleculesDispersionor LondonforcesDipole-dipoleforceHydrogen bondingAr., CCl
o (ice) NH
(S)HF (S)SoftSoftHardInsulator Insulator Insulator VerylowLowLow2. IonicSolidsIons Coulomicforces NaCl, Mgo,ZnS, CaF
Hard but brittleInsulator insolid state butconductors inmolten stateand aqueousstateHigh3. MetallicsolidsPositiveions in asea of delocalizedelectronsMetallic bonding.Fe, Cu, Ag,MgHard butmalleableandductileConductor insolid as wellas in moltenstate.Fairlyhigh.4. Covalentor Network solidsAtomsCovalent bondingSiO
(quartz)SiC ; C(diamond)graphiteHardSoftInsulator Conductor (exception)Veryhigh
3.*Some Important Terminology.
Space lattice/Crystal lattice :
A well defined ordered and regular arrangement of atoms, molecules or ions in the three dimensionalspace is called crystal or space lattice. There are fourteen types of space lattices possible, they are also called bravais lattices.*
Lattice Point :
The atoms, molecules or ions in a crystalline substanceare shown by points in its space lattice and are called lattice points.