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Wine Sustainability

Wine Sustainability

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Published by Courtney Christy
All about wine sustainability, where, get involved, why
All about wine sustainability, where, get involved, why

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Published by: Courtney Christy on Aug 10, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/30/2013

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Wine Sustainability
By Courtney Christy8/9/12
Napa Valley Winery
 
What is winesustainability?
Could this just be a fancy term for moreexpensive wine? Not necessarily. According tothe LoCA Wine Club's website, there are thethree big E's of sustainability. Environment is thefirst; making sure the earth and soil are good andready for winemaking. The second is equitability(society); making sure you have the resourcesand money to maintain a sustainableenvironment along with any people that areinvolved. The third and last E would beeconomical. This considers the costs of continuing and maintaining the sustainabilityprogram. In the end, economics are going todetermine whether a certain winery can even besustainable or not. The American AgronomySociety's definition states that sustainableagriculture does improve the environment qualitygreatly where agriculture depends onsustainability. Sustainable agriculture creates aworld that is economically liveable and makes lifebetter for farmers and the community. Also thisprovides food and fiber for us people. According to the website Wine & FoodTravel, wine sustainability must consider allaspects of wineries (not just the outsidevineyard). Considering:- How fertile the soil is
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Water pollution- Whether or not to use pesticides- Soil erosion (soil blown or washed away by rain)- Taste of the wine
EconomicalEquitableEnvironmentalSustainability
With considering the environment as a whole while creatingsustainable wine there are choices that have to be made.Manmade products or natural products could be used andsome sort of pest management technique needs to beimplemented. Sustainable wine could be made with or without preservatives (sulfur, antioxidants, and antimicrobialagents). The alcohol content, acid, pH, tannins, climate, andthe actually winemaking process has an affect on how wineages. In conclusion, according to the site Adams Wine Guideby Adam Weiner, sustainability farms recycle, use littleenergy and water, re-use resources, and focus on using verylittle chemicals.
 
Video link:http://www.wineinstitute.org/resources/pressroom/09082009Highlights California Sustainable WinegrowingPresented in San Francisco
Organics
In the book Authentic Wine, withorganic farming, growers of courselove their farms and only want the bestfor their soil. The soil is everythingwith organics, especially withmaintaining the organic mineral ionswhich promotes healthy growth.Organics is a new style of farming butit does go back to the ways of oldfarming from the pre-industrial era.The farmers now see the soil in adifferent light and treat it more carefully(Goode, pg 51). Organic farming ismore expensive than regular or sustainable farming because this takesmore effort and thought (Goode, pg53). At the Wine Spectator websiteorganics is identified as just absolutelyno chemicals. Wine sustainabilityfarming can use chemicals but doesnot have to. With organic labels onwine bottle you see in the markets,there are two kinds. One is certifiedorganic grown grapes with nosynthetics. The other is "organic"wines from organically grown grapes(Vinifera).
Terroir 
Terroir is the conceptof the unifying theory of finewine. An example that mightmake it easier to understandis to have a solo grape varietyplanted in three or four different spots. Treat andhandle them all the same wayand they will all tastedifferent. This happensbecause of the different spotsof soil and the local climatewhere the grape was planted(Goode, pg 19). A goodquote to understand is, "Theuniversal premise underlyingthe concept of terroir- thesimple truism we've alreadydescribed- is that vineyarddifferences can affect theflavour of wine (Goode, pg19)."The sense of terroir can be destroyed by toomuch human intervention.This can happen by lateharvesting, drawn outmaceration (the grape skinscrushed and left with the juicebefore fermentation), and lotsof new oak used.Wine sustainability comes down to three categories: organics, biodynamics, and terroir.
Biodynamics
In Authentic Wine, thisdiscusses biodynamics as organicfarming plus extra practice andphilosophy (Goode, pg 50). Themain focus being on the priority of health for the vineyard. Keeping thevines are the emphasis so the worryof disease is decreased (Goode, pg57). Even though biodynamics isvery good for the earth andsurrounding environment, this is anexpensive way to farm.Biodynamics is a way of life and away of thinking. You must see thefarm as a whole where everything isconnected from vegetables, grapes,herbs, animals, and anything elsethat may be there. Various differentpreparations are needed to continuebiodynamics (Goode, pg 56). Whilediscussing and reading aboutbiodynamics, according to the siteand magazine Wine Spectator, themain topic is they use no chemicalsat all. The whole vineyard is equalto an ecosystem. They also accountfor astronomy and lunar cycles(Vinifera).

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