Video link:http://www.wineinstitute.org/resources/pressroom/09082009Highlights California Sustainable WinegrowingPresented in San Francisco
In the book Authentic Wine, withorganic farming, growers of courselove their farms and only want the bestfor their soil. The soil is everythingwith organics, especially withmaintaining the organic mineral ionswhich promotes healthy growth.Organics is a new style of farming butit does go back to the ways of oldfarming from the pre-industrial era.The farmers now see the soil in adifferent light and treat it more carefully(Goode, pg 51). Organic farming ismore expensive than regular or sustainable farming because this takesmore effort and thought (Goode, pg53). At the Wine Spectator websiteorganics is identified as just absolutelyno chemicals. Wine sustainabilityfarming can use chemicals but doesnot have to. With organic labels onwine bottle you see in the markets,there are two kinds. One is certifiedorganic grown grapes with nosynthetics. The other is "organic"wines from organically grown grapes(Vinifera).
Terroir is the conceptof the unifying theory of finewine. An example that mightmake it easier to understandis to have a solo grape varietyplanted in three or four different spots. Treat andhandle them all the same wayand they will all tastedifferent. This happensbecause of the different spotsof soil and the local climatewhere the grape was planted(Goode, pg 19). A goodquote to understand is, "Theuniversal premise underlyingthe concept of terroir- thesimple truism we've alreadydescribed- is that vineyarddifferences can affect theflavour of wine (Goode, pg19)."The sense of terroir can be destroyed by toomuch human intervention.This can happen by lateharvesting, drawn outmaceration (the grape skinscrushed and left with the juicebefore fermentation), and lotsof new oak used.Wine sustainability comes down to three categories: organics, biodynamics, and terroir.
In Authentic Wine, thisdiscusses biodynamics as organicfarming plus extra practice andphilosophy (Goode, pg 50). Themain focus being on the priority of health for the vineyard. Keeping thevines are the emphasis so the worryof disease is decreased (Goode, pg57). Even though biodynamics isvery good for the earth andsurrounding environment, this is anexpensive way to farm.Biodynamics is a way of life and away of thinking. You must see thefarm as a whole where everything isconnected from vegetables, grapes,herbs, animals, and anything elsethat may be there. Various differentpreparations are needed to continuebiodynamics (Goode, pg 56). Whilediscussing and reading aboutbiodynamics, according to the siteand magazine Wine Spectator, themain topic is they use no chemicalsat all. The whole vineyard is equalto an ecosystem. They also accountfor astronomy and lunar cycles(Vinifera).