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Green Economy in a Blue World

Green Economy in a Blue World

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The world's oceans and coasts - the Blue World - are the cornucopia for humanity. They provide us with food, oxygen and livelihoods.
The world's oceans and coasts - the Blue World - are the cornucopia for humanity. They provide us with food, oxygen and livelihoods.

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Published by: United Nations Environment Programme on Aug 10, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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in a Blue World
   i   n   a   B   l  u   e   W   o   r   l   d
UNEP, FAO, IMO, UNDP, IUCN, WorldFish Center, GRID-Arendal, 2012, Green Economy in a Blue Worldwww.unep.org/greeneconomy and www.unep.org/regionalseasISBN: 978-82-7701-104-2
UNEP promoteenvironmentally sound practicesglobally and in our own activities. Thispublication is printed on fully recycled paper,FSC certied, post-consumer waste and chlorine-free. Inks are vegetable-based and coatings arewater-based. Our distribution policy aims to reduceour carbon footprint.
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
UNEP coordinates United Nations environmentalactivities, assisting developing countries in implementingenvironmentally sound policies and practices. It was foundedas a result of the United Nations Conference on the HumanEnvironment in June 1972. Its mission is to provide leadershipand encourage partnership in caring for the environment byinspiring, informing and enabling nations and peoples toimprove their quality of life without compromising that of future generations.
Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO)
Achieving food security for all – to make sure people have regularaccess to enough high-quality food to lead active, healthy lives– is at the core of all FAO activities, including for sheries andaquaculture. FAO’s mandate is to raise levels of nutrition, improveagricultural productivity, better the lives of rural populations andcontribute to the growth of the world economy. Fisheries andaquaculture have the capacity – if supported and developedresponsibly – to contribute signicantly to improving the well-being of poor and disadvantaged communities. The visionof FAO for these sectors is a world in which responsible andsustainable use of sheries and aquaculture resources makesan appreciable contribution to human well-being, food securityand poverty alleviation. The FAO Fisheries and AquacultureDepartment, in particular, aims to strengthen global governanceand the managerial and technical capacities of members and tolead consensus-building towards improved conservation andutilisation of aquatic resources.
International Maritime Organisation (IMO)
IMO is the United Nations (UN) specialised agency withresponsibility for the safety and security of shipping and theprevention of marine pollution by ships. International shipping isthe carrier of world trade, transporting around ninety percent of global commerce. Being an international industry shipping needs aglobal regulatory framework in which to operate. IMO,with its 170 Member States, provides this framework and has adopted 52 treaties regulating virtually everytechnical aspect of ship design and operation, the mostimportant of which – concerning the safety of life atsea and the protection of the environment – today apply onninety-nine percent of the world’s merchant eet. IMO adoptsinternational shipping regulations but it is the responsibilityof Governments to implement those regulations. IMO hasdeveloped an Integrated Technical Co-operation Programme(ITCP) designed to assist Governments which lack the technicalknowledge and resources needed to operate a shipping industrysafely and eciently.
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
UNDP is the United Nations’ global development network, anorganisation advocating for change and connecting countriesto knowledge, experience and resources to help people builda better life. UNDP is on the ground in 177 countries, workingwith them on their own solutions to global and nationaldevelopment challenges. As they develop local capacity, theydraw on the people of UNDP and its wide range of partners. Through its Ocean and Coastal Governance Programme, UNDPis working in cooperation with many other UN agencies, theGlobal Environment Facility, international nancial institutions,regional sheries organisations and others to improve oceansmanagement and sustain livelihoods at the local, national,regional and global scales through eective oceans governance.
IUCN Global Marine Programme
Founded in 1948, The World Conservation Union brings togetherStates, government agencies and a diverse range of non-governmental organizations in a unique world partnership:over 1000 members in all, spread across some 140 countries. Asa Union, IUCN seeks to inuence, encourage and assist societiesthroughout the world to conserve the integrity and diversity of nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitableand ecologically sustainable.
WorldFish Center
 The WorldFish Center an organization dedicated to reducingpoverty and hunger by improving sheries and aquaculture. It isan international, non-prot research organization that focuses onthe opportunities provided by sheries and aquaculture to reducepoverty, hunger and vulnerability in developing countries. TheWorldFish Center is one of the 15 members of the Consortium of International Agricultural Research Centers supported by theConsultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR),a global partnership that unites the organizations engaged inresearch for sustainable development with the funders of thiswork. The funders include developing and industrialized countrygovernments, foundations, international and regional organizations.
GRID-Arendal is a collaborating centre of the United NationsEnvironment Programme (UNEP). Established in 1989 by theGovernment of Norway as a Norwegian Foundation, its missionis to communicate environmental information to policy-makersand facilitate environmental decision-making for change. This isachieved by organizing and transforming available environmentaldata into credible, science-based information products, deliveredthrough innovative communication tools and capacity-buildingservices targeting relevant stakeholders.
i  n al   u eW ol   d 
The marine environment provides humanitywith a myriad of services ranging from foodsecurity and climate regulation to nutrientcycling and storm protection. These in turnunderpin lives and livelihoods in sectors fromtourism to sheries.Yet despite this importance, the last three tofour decades have seen increasing degradationof oceans as a result of, for example, pollutionfrom land-based sources, overshing andincreasingly, climate change.This in turn, is threatening the livelihoodsof millions of people around the world whodepend on these critical ecosystems for theirprimary source of protein and for job securityboth directly and indirectly.With a growing population, set to rise from sevenbillion today to over nine billion by 2050, thesepressures and impacts are likely to intensifyunless the world becomes more intelligentabout managing these essential resources.The Green Economy in a Blue World reportanalyzes how key sectors that are interlinkedwith the marine and coastal environment – theblue world – can make the transition towards aGreen Economy.The report covers the impacts and opportunitieslinked with shipping and sheries to tourism,marine-based renewable energies andagriculture.The ndings underline that a shift tosustainability in terms of improved human well-being and social equity can lead to healthierand more economically productive oceans thatcan simultaneously benet coastal communitiesand ocean-linked industries.Many countries are already acting to charta fresh future for their seas and oceans andadopting the kinds of smart public policiesneeded to unlock the investments and creativestrategies necessary.The upcoming Rio+20 Summit is an opportunityto scale-up and accelerate these transitionsunder the twin themes of a Green Economyin the context of sustainable developmentand poverty eradication and an institutionalframework for sustainable development.Both the marine and the terrestrial environmentsare more than just an economy – they are partof humanity’s cultural and spiritual dimensions.However, through a better understanding of theenormous economic losses being sustained andthe enormous opportunities from investing andre-investing in marine ecosystems, perhaps thebalance can be tipped away from degradationand destruction to sustainable management forthis generation and the ones to come.
A worldwide transition to a low-carbon, resource-ecient GreenEconomy will not be possible unless the seas and oceans are a keypart of these urgently needed transformations.
Achim Steiner
UN Under-Secretary Generaland UNEP Executive Director

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