This paper explores the type and quality of linkages between the objective of achieving sustainable consumptionand production (SCP) patterns, and those of poverty alleviation and sustainable development. The paperconstructs a theoretical framework based on the analysis of development specialists, as well as scenarios andempirical data which show how natural resources and the environment underpin development efforts. A numberof case studies in key economic sectors, including energy, agriculture, waste management and urbandevelopment are provided, to validate this theoretical framework. These case studies identify and where possiblequantify the combination of economic, social and environmental gains secured by shifting towards SCP patterns.The relationship between indicators of development and SCP is also explored, highlighting important overlapsand complementarities between them. The paper’s conclusions highlight the economic and social gains fordeveloping countries from the shift to SCP, which also sustains nature’s productive ecosystems.
Professor Paul Ekins and Dr. Xavier Lemaire, UCL Energy Institute, University College London, UK
The authors are grateful to Charles Arden-Clarke, Adriana Zacarias and Fabienne Pierre of the SCP Branch, andAsad Naqvi of the Economics and Trade Branch, all of the Division of Economics, Technology and Industry,UNEP, for their inputs and comments.
Supervision and coordination:
Charles Arden-Clarke, Head of the Goods and Services Unit, SustainableConsumption and Production (SCP) Branch and Adriana Zacarias, Programme Officer, SCP Branch, UnitedNations Environment Programme (UNEP)
Design / Layout:
Shabani Ely Katembo
Copyright @ United Nations Environment Programme, 2012
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