Institute of Interdisciplinary Business Research
Over all, the change in foreign policy for western countries, especially America washuge. The collapse of the USSR was probably the biggest event in the second half of the20th century and political change from it was inevitable. Its impact on western countriesforeign policy therefore should not be underestimated as its affects are still seen today inplaces such as Iraq, as the Americans want to limit Nuclear weapons to reduce worldtension. The after-effects of such a catastrophic change in the world political climate issure to be felt for decades to come as it left, in my opinion, only one real super power.(Alex, Yi. 2007)
With the events of the Arab Spring, now is a good time to take stock of some lessonslearned from 20 years of efforts to bring better human rights protections to former SovietUnion countries. Were our assumptions faulty? What could be done better, or differently,to promote human rights during tectonic societal shifts? Does the exercise have relevancebeyond the region, particularly given the upheaval in the Middle East and North Africa?The differences between 1991 and the 2011 Arab uprisings are vast, of course. But my20 years at Human Rights Watch have given me a few ideas about what has to happenafter the revolution to make change stick.(Denber, R. 2012)
The only thing the Arab Spring and the end of the USSR have in common is that theyhappened to involve large crowds," said Boris Kagarlitsky, a sociologist and formerSoviet dissident who was involved in the anti-Soviet protests. "It's like comparing apolitical rally with a football match, or the French Revolution with a rock festival - notparticularly productive."While the Arab uprisings are a genuinely popular movement, the revolution in the USSRwas carried out by the elites themselves, said Kagarlitsky. What is more, most of the massparticipation had ended well before the August coup. "Despite the collapse of the rulingCommunist party, no real revolution occurred in Russia in 1991," noted historian StephenCohen in a 1993 article for The Nation. The following year, only seven per cent of Russian respondents told a Levada poll that the fall of the USSR was a victory of democracy, with 53 per cent seeing it as "simply the outcome of a battle for power withinthe country's leadership".
(Nikitin, V. 2011)