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Export Fruits

Export Fruits

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Published by: shyamasha on Aug 10, 2012
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Export Trade Procedure and Related Issues
 
Select a “quality” product based on the export potential and demand
 Select a particular overseas market.Concentrate only on few products and minimum three countries, if you are a beginner.Ensure that you can manufacture or procure from other sources the selected product(s) at thecompetitive prices and in sufficient quantity and will be able to meet the quality specifications,delivery schedule and other terms and conditions of the overseas buyer.Get the full information of similar products of other manufacturers if already available in selectedmarkets, their prices, marketing techniques, terms of business etc. To offer your product(s) to foreignbuyers with a bargaining edge in order to capture the market.Assess the degree of competition of product (s) which you propose to export in a particular market.
Procedure for becoming an Exporter
To apply for an import export code with the concerned office of the joint director general of foreigntrade with all the particulars and necessary fees in this regard.To find out the particular market and select a quality product and quote the prices in u.s. dollars whichis an universally accepted currency for all import
 – 
export trade. The prices may be quoted as under:-F
.O.B: it means “free on board” the delivery of the cargo is given till the same is loaded on to the
vessel. All future expenses like freight, insurance will be to the account of the buyer.C & F: It means cost & freight. The price includes even the freight charges till the destination. Thebuyer has to bear only the insurance and other delivery charges etc at the port of destination.C I F : it means cost, insurance and freight. The price includes all expenses till the port of destination.Once the price is acceptable to the buyer, he will immediately open the letter of credit or will send an
advance remittance through the banking channels to the seller’s account.
The letter of credit should be always in the form of irrevocable and sight letter of credit.Once the lC is opened the seller has to prepare the cargo as per the quality, packing specificationsmentioned in the lC and send the same to the port of loading so that the C&F (clearing andforwarding) agent will do the rest of forwarding the consignment to the buyer.Once the shipment is over C&F agent will prepare all the shipping documents called for in the lC.Once these original shipping documents are received, seller has to prepare his commercial invoice,packing list, bills of exchange and submit all the documents along with the original lC received fromthe buyer to the bank for negotiation.The banker will thoroughly scrutinize the documents strictly as per the terms and conditions of the lCand give credit to the sellers account and send the docum
ents to buyers’ bankers for getting the
payment. Normally the payment is received within 10-15 days time.
 
In addition to l/C and advance remittance, the payments can be in the form of D.P (documents againstpayment) at sight which means exporter will ship the material and send all the original shipping
documents through his bank to the buyer’s bank. Buyer’s bank will collect the money from the buyer 
and release the documents to him and send proceeds to Indian exporter through the banking channels.In case of perishable commodities, no buyer will open l/c, send advance remittance or even agree forD.P terms on a pre agreed price. It is all done on consignment sale basis. Exporter will ship thematerial and send the original documents to the buyer and the buyer in some cases may send somepart payment as advance and the final account will be settled only against the sale of exported cargo.THE ROLE OF E.C.G.C. ( EXPORT CREDIT GUARANTEE CORPN OF INDIA LTD). In order tooffset the exporter against unforeseen circumstances in exports, ECGC plays an important role. ECGCcovers various types of risks such as default by importer or the country, non receipt of payment due towars, riots etc and charge a nominal premium for this based on the country classification ( eg. 0.3% to0.8% of the value). ECGC also helps an exporter in assessing the credit worthiness of the importer andwill fix the credit limit accordingly. This will help an exporter to expose his risks only to that extent.
ORGANISATIONS RELATED WITH THE PROMOTION OF EXPORTS.
Agricultural and Processed FoodProducts Export Development Authority,#12/1/1, Palace Cross Road,Bangalore
 – 
560 020.Phone : 23343425. / fax : 23364560.Visweswaraya Industrial Trade Centre,Kasturba Road,Bangalore
 – 
560 001.Phone : 22864281 / 22860853.Spices Board,Govt. Of India, Ministry Of Commerce,#22/1, Rest House Road,Bangalore
 – 
560 001.Phone : 25320354.Tobacco Board,Govt. of India, Ministry Of Commerce,4th Floor, Unity Building Annexe,Mission road, Bangalore
 – 
560 027.Phone : 22233087.Joint Director General of Foreign Trade,
Kendriya Sadan, “E” wing, 7th floor,
 Koramangala,Bangalore.Phone : 25537214 / 25537215.Federation of Karnataka Chambers Ministry of Food Processing Industries,Of Commerce & Industry, Government of India,Post box no. 9996, Panchsheel Bhavan,Kempegowda road, August Krantimarg,Bangalore
 – 
560 009. New Delhi
 – 
110 049Phone : 22262355 / 22261524. Phone
 – 
26492216, Fax - 26493228
 
 
MANGO 
1. Origin
: South Asia
2. Major producing states in India
: UP, AP, Bihar, Karnataka, T.N & M H
3. Major Producing districts inKarnataka
: Kolar, Ramangar, Bangalore U&R,Chikkaballapur, Tumkur, Haveri,Gadag,Belagum & Kodagu
4. Latest area & Production inIndia
2309.00 ha, 127498000 MT (year 2008-09)
5. Latest area & Production inKarnataka
: 141.30 ha, 1284400 MT (Year 2009-2010)
6. Commercially Grown Varietiesin Karnataka
: Alphonso, Mallika, Totapuri,Banganapalli, Pairi, Neelum & Malgoa
7. Harvesting Season
: April to June
8. Export of Mango from India(2008-09)
1. UAEs. 24570914 (tones) Rs 7818278022. Bangladesh 451.04(tones) Rs 4085693723. UK 25.27(tones) Rs 1403204064. Saudi Arabia 21.41(tones) Rs 83627506
 
9. Export of Mango processedproducts from India (2008-09)
1. Pulp :173013.62(Qts in Mt) Rs 75298.90 (Rs. in lakhs)2. Squash 7 Mil. USD.3. Slices & Juice 2 Mil. USD.
10. Export of Mango fromKarnataka
Alphonso, Mallika, Totapuri, Banganapalli& Mulgoa
11. Major mango Markets inKarnataka
F&V special market Blore, Srinivaspura,Mysore, Chintamani, Ramanagara, CB. pura,Dharwad,
Belgaum
12. Grading and Standardization
1 AGMARK-
 – 
Extra Class 33 mmClass I 28 mmClass II 23 mm
(Sou. AGMARK NET)
2.Codex Elimentarious: Universally acceptedGrades & standards (Sou. FAO
)

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