P a g e
Planning:It is the charting out of programmes and changes in advance in the achievement of organisational goals. Hence, it involves planning of human resources requirements,recruitment, selection, training etc. It also involves forecasting of personnel needs, changingvalues, attitudes and behaviour of their employees and their impact on the organisation.Organising:In the words of J.C. Massie, an organisation is a "structure and process by which co-operative groups of human beings allocated its tasks among its members, identifiesrelationships and integrates its activities towards a common objective." Given the complexrelationships that exist between specialised departments and the general departments,many top managers seek the advice of personnel manager. In this manner, the organisationestablishes relationships among the employees so that they can together contribute to theachievement of organisational goals.Directing:After planning and organising comes the execution of the plan. The willing and effective co-operation of employees towards the achievement of organisation's goal has to be broughtabout by proper direction. Identifying and utilising maximum potentials of people is possiblethrough motivation and command. Direction, therefore, is an important managerial functionin ensuring optimum employee contribution.Co-ordinating:
It is the task of matrixing various employees’ efforts to ensure successful goal achievement.
The Personnel manager co-ordinates various managers at different levels as far as thepersonnel functions are concerned.Controlling:After planning, organising, directing and co-ordinating, the various activities, theperformance is to be verified in order to know, at various points of time, whether theactivities are performed as per plans and directions. It involves checking, verifying andcomparing actual with the plans, identification of deviations if any and correcting thedeviations. Auditing training programmes, analysing labour turnover, overseeing moralesurveys, conducting exit interviews are some of the controlling functions of personnelmanagement.
The operative functions of H R M relate to employment, development,compensation and relations. All these are interacted by managerial functions. Also, they areto be performed in conjunction with management functions.