Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
3Activity
P. 1
Manila Standard Today - August 12, 2012 issue

Manila Standard Today - August 12, 2012 issue

Ratings: (0)|Views: 405|Likes:
Print edition of Manila Standard Today for August 12, 2012
Print edition of Manila Standard Today for August 12, 2012

More info:

Published by: Manila Standard Today on Aug 11, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
See more
See less

11/23/2012

 
Wni+ H Kn+ < 16 Zalds) 1 SdcphnkZ1=+:: STK@AX) Atltsp 16) 6:16
CXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACE| | CXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACE CXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACE
 Ohssd` xntv cnzx ng Oakhia Spak`av` Pn`ax> Caii nv pd}p ntv Chvctiaphnk Mnpihkd ap :81</==0=744 nv doahi2 chvcJospak`av`pn`ax+cno
Stk`a
 
 x 
OSP
Pmd Stk`ax D`hphnk ng 
 Oakhia
Spak`av`
PN@AX 
Kd}p zaldKd}p zald
6::8 GnvotiaNkd \nvi`CmaozhnkBdksnk Ftppnk
ak` lhvigvhdk` Bdsshca
Ohcmhfapa std|maig|ax avntk` pmdlinfd pn cnozdpdhk Cnfva Hvnkoakpvhapmink hk Cdft
Cmavihd Iht
Cdft‘spahzak fthi`scnklinodvapdgvno scvazs
F
TSHKDSS
A1:
 
 A 
VPS
 
'
I
HGD
A16
 
S
ZNVPS
Hpaihak wniidxfdiidhs cvn|` gawnvhpd
Gvakcdsca Zhcchkhkh hs knp nkix akd}cdiidkp wniidxfaii ziaxdv) smd hs aisna cdidfvhpx hk Hpaix ak` mas azzdavd`kaed` gnv a Odk‘s Mdaipm caidk`av
Onvn vdfdis spvhed alahkas lnwp) OHIG dk` paies
Kd}p zald
\NVSDKHKLGINN@ WHCPHOS\NDS
Cmhka |hiihkl pn afh`d fx cn`d
 A7
VTKNGG
Fx Sava @+ Gaftkak ak` AZ
CMHKA‘S pnz `hzinoap nk Saptv`ax sah` Fdh/ bhkl |as |hiihkl pn dasd pmd pdkshnk nwdv pmdmak`ihkl ng pdvvhpnvhai `hsztpds hk pmd SntpmCmhka Sda ak` |nve |hpmhk pmd gvaod|nve ng pmd @dciavaphnk ng pmd Cnk`tcp ng Zavphds+Hk a bnhkp cnkgdvdkcd |hpm mhs Hk`nkd/shak cntkpdvzavp Oavpx Kapaidla|a nkGvh`ax) Cmhka‘s Gnvdhlk Ohkhspdv XaklBdhcmh aisn mhkpd` pmap Fdhbhkl |nti` dwdkptaiix alvdd nk a idlaiix/fhk`hkl Cn`d ng Cnk`tcp nk pmd ’fashs ng cnksdksts+‟’Cmhka hs |hiihkl pn |nve |hpm Hk`nkdshaak` npmdv ASDAK odofdvs pn gtiix ak` dg/gdcphwdix hozidodkp pmd @dciavaphnk ng Cnk/`tcp ng Zavphds hk pmd Sntpm Cmhka Sda) fthi`otptai pvtsp) zvnonpd cnnzdvaphnk) oahkpahkzdacd ak` spafhihpx hk pmd Sntpm Cmhka Sdaak` |nve) hk accnv`akcd |hpm pmd zvhkchzidsak` szhvhps ng pmd @dciavaphnk ng Cnk`tcp ng Zavphds ak` nk pmd fashs ng cnksdksts) pn|av`pmd dwdkptai a`nzphnk ng a Cn`d ng Cnk`tcp+‟Xakl fdlak mhs pmvdd/kaphnk whshp |hpm ap|n/`ax spnznwdv hk Baeavpa) hk vdsznksd pnKapdiala|as‘ dggnvp pn od`hapd fdp|ddk mhsgdiin| ASDAK odofdvs ak` Fdhbhkl+Agpdv mhs whshp pn Hk`nkdsha) Xakl |hii pvawdipn Oaiaxsha ak` Fdhbhkl pn caz mhs ASDAK
Spnvo fvd|s nwdv Itrnk5Z1/f `aoald qtdsphnkd` 
Fx Ginvakpd Sniodvhk ak` Nviak Oatvhchn
N
WDV a pmntsak` spapd|nvedvs mawd gakkd` ntp pncidak tz Odpvn Oakhia ak`sdwdvai zvnwhkcds ng `dfvhsak` ot` ftp pmd pmvdap ng `ao |apdv
stnn`hkl face pmd cnaspai avdas hk
kdavfx Ftiacak) Zaozakla ak` KtdwaDchba hs cnozntk`hkl pmd ohsdvx ng 
whcphos) ngfichais sax+
\mhid pmd sntpm|dasp onksnnk cnkphktd` pn fvhklmdawx vahks nwdv sdwdvai zvnwhkcds) a in| zvdsstvd avdangg Cdkpvai Itrnk ohlmp hkpdkshgx hkpn a spnvo ak` dkpdvZmhihzzhkd pdvvhpnvx) a Zal/ASA a`whsnvx sah`+ Ap idasp p|nonvd pxzmnnks |dvd d}zdcpd` pn mhp pmd Zmhihzzhkds pmhsonkpm) Zal/ASA sah`+Ap Aklap @ao) a sntvcd ng znpafid |apdvhk Odpvn Oakhia) |apdv fvdacmd` pmd szhiihkl
idwdi nk Saptv`ax |mhid stnn`s cnkphktd` pn
casca`d `n|k gvno Ktdwa Dchba ak` Zao/zakla) znshkl a `ntfid |maoox gnv Ft/iacak ak` hps cnaspai avdas+Pmd `dapm pnii vdacmd` 77 |mhid6+7 ohiihnk zdnzid |dvd `hsziacd`)pmd Kaphnkai @hsaspdv Vhse Vd`tc/phnk ak` Oakaldodkp Cntkchi sah`+@aoald |as ziacd` ap nwdv a fhi/ihnk zdsns -Z1+:8 fhiihnk hk cvnz inssdsak` Z13= ohiihnk hk hkgvaspvtcptvd( ftppmap dsphoapd |as fdhkl qtdsphnkd` fxpmd Alvhctiptvd `dzavpodkp+‟\d mawd pn paed pmd `apa |hpm alvahk ng saip)‟ sah` Tk`dvsdcvdpavx gnvGhdi` Nzdvaphnks Bndi Vt`hkas vdacp/
hkl pn a Cdkpvai Itrnk fidi` vdznvp
sdkp pn `hsaspdv cnnv`hkaphkl aldkcxD}dctphwd @hvdcpnv Fdkhpn Vaons+
Pmd `apa gvno pmd fidi` ngficds |dvd incaihrd`) ac/
qthvd` gvno incai lnwdvkodkp tkhps ak` tkvdihafid sn pmdsd|nti` mawd pn fd vdwhd|d` fx pmd Ftvdat ng Alvhctiptvai
Fx Sava Stsakkd @+ Gaftkak
PMD Zmhihzzhkd lnwdvkodkp ak` pmdOnvn Hsiaohc Ihfdvaphnk Gvnkp |hiivdstod zdacd paies hk iapd Atltspagpdv pmd 3:pm vntk` ng gnvoai d}/zinvapnvx paies dk`d` nk Gvh`ax+Fnpm sh`ds mawd xdp pn cnodtz |hpm a cnkcvdpd alvddodkp pmap|nti` dk` pdvvnvhso ak` vdfdi/ihnk hk Ohk`akan |mhid a vdkdla`dlvntz id` fx cnooak`dv AodvhiTofvaeapn vdkd|d` hps appace)pmhsphod mhpphkl a SAG ntpznsp hk @aptTksax pn|k+ A lnwdvkodkp pvnnzdv|as ehiid` hk pmd Saptv`ax appace+Lnwdvkodkp zakdi cmahvoakOavhwhc Idnkdk ak` OHIG zdacdzakdi mda` Onmalmdv Hqfai sah`pmap pmd zakdis mawd oa`d zvnlvdsshk pmd `hsctsshnks nk a gvaod|nve alvddodkp ftp gahid` pn vdacm a cnk/sdksts+Aipmntlm `dpahid` cnksdksts hsknp hk`hcapd`) `tvhkl pmd oddphkl)pmd Pdcmkhcai \nvehkl Lvntzs nk\daipm/Smavhkl ak` Zn|dv/Smav/hkl mawd vdacmd` ’soaii‟ cnkcvdpdaccnv`+’Hk pmhs vntk` ng paies) pmd zavphdsnvlakhrd` pmdhv vdszdcphwd Pdcmkh/cai \nvehkl Lvntzs -P\Ls( nkZn|dv/Smavhkl ak` \daipm/Smavhkl+Fnpm P\Ls `hsctssd` ak` vdacmd`cnksdksts nk snod hsstds nk zn|dvsmavhkl ak` vdwdktd ldkdvaphnk ak`|daipm smavhkl avvakldodkps)‟ Id/nkdk ak` Hqfai sah`+\mdk pmd kdlnphaphnks |nti` cnk/phktd iapdv pmhs onkpm) fnpm zavphds|nti` gncts nk hsstds nk zn|dv ak`|daipm smavhkl nk pmd zvnznsd` kd|znihphcai dkphpx pmap |nti` vdziacdpmd d}hsphkl Otsiho atpnknonts vd/lhnk hk Ohk`akan |mhcm cnozvhsdsFashiak) Stit) Pa|h/P|ah) Oalthk/`akan ak` Iakan) hkcit`hkl pmd chp/hds ng Iaohpak ak` Oava|h+Azavp gvno zn|dv smavhkl ak`
Gahpm) mnzd ak`cmavhpx+
-Pnz( Akni` |noak cihklspn a spaptd ng pmd
Cmvhsp Karavdkd+
-Cince|hsd( Zdnzidpvx pn cnzd `dszhpdpmd stnn`s) |mhid xntkl cmhi`vdk ak`pmdhv zavdkps |ahpgnv pmdhv smavd ng vdihdg lnn`s+
AZ)NVIAK OATVHCHNAK@ @AKKX ZAPA
 
CXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACE CXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACECXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACE
ATLTSP 16) 6:16STK@AX
 A6
 
Stk`ax 
KD\S
 Oakhia
Spak`av`
PN@AX 
osp+`ax`dseJloahi+cno
Pmap |apdv oax knp fd sagd pn `vhke
Pn oaed stvd fnppid` |apdv hs
fip gnv mtoak cnkstozphnk) pmdMntsd ng Vdzvdsdkpaphwds masazzvnwd` a fhii vdltiaphkl pmdsaid ng fnppid` |apdv pn zvnpdcppmd cnkstodvs gvno pva`d oai/ zvacphcds ak` gvno tshkl stf/spak`av` nv marav`nts zvn`tcps+Mntsd Fhii 73==) nv pmd zvnznsd` Sagd Fnppid` \apdv Acpng 6:16 atpmnvd` fx Calaxak`d Nvn Vdz+ Vtgts Vn`vhltdrak` 00 npmdv ia|oaedvs vdqthvdspmd @dzavpodkp ng Mdaipm pn ds/pafihsm ak` dkgnvcd cidav ak`tk/cn`d` tkhgnvo sntvcd iafdi/
Wnitkpddvs zvdzavd lnn`s gnv `hspvhftphnk pn pmd ginn` whcphos ap a Kaha |avdmntsd+Ap idgp) nkd ng pmd 6)::: gaohihds `hsziacd` fx pmd ginn`s hk Oaiafnk Chpx mni`s nk pn a vdohk`dv atpmnvd`fx Sdkapnv Invdk Idlav`a nk `hsaspdv zvdzavd`kdss+
SNKKX DSZHVHPT) DX ACASHN
Face+++
Spaphsphcs) Vt`hkas sah`+Pmd `aoald vdznvp smn|d`pmap cvnzs inssds aontkpd`pn Z=0<+ 36 ohiihnk hk Zao/ zakla) Z6:0+4 ohiihnk hk Ft/iacak) ak` Raofaids) N03+7ohiihnk+ Ap idasp Z13= ohiihnk|nvpm ng vna`s ak` fvh`ldsas |dii as =)::: mntsds |dvd`dspvnxd` fx pmd |dde/inklvahk+Pmd Odpvn Oakhia @dwdi/nzodkp Atpmnvhpx `dzinxd`4:: spvddp s|ddzdvs dqthzzd`|hpm mnsds ak` fvnnos) faced` fx fivd pvtces ak`mdawx dqthzodkp pn `n pmdcidak/tz bnf+Hk Ftiacak) stnn`s fdlakpn stfsh`d ftp pmd Aklap @ao fvdacmd` 610+36 odpdvs) nv hkd}cdss ng p|n odpdvs fdxnk`pmd szhiihkl idwdi) pmts pmvdap/dkhkl vdsh`dkps+Lnw+ \himdiohkn O+ Sx/Aiwava`n `dzinxd` a``hphnkaivdsctd pdaos pn pmd pn|ks ng Caitozhp ak` Malnknx+Odxcataxak Chpx Oaxnv Bnak Aiavhiia ak` whcd oaxnv Bnbn Oakrakn |dkp nk a 60/mntv smhgp pn `hspvhftpd vdihdg pn aggdcpd` vdsh`dkps hk pmdchpx |mhcm |as stfodvld`)snod avdas kdce/`ddz fxstnn`s+
Cmhka+++
`hzinoaphc fihpr) ftp masctvhntsix idgp ntp Oakhiaak` Maknh hk mhs hphkdvavx+Pmd Zmhihzzhkds ak`Whdpkao ma` ciasmd` |hpmCmhka nwdv n|kdvsmhz ng snod ng pmd hsiak`s hkpmd Sntpm Cmhka Sda ak`Fdhbhkl‘s ziak pn zavpkdv |hpm gnvdhlk cnozakhdsnk nhi d}zinvaphnk zvnbdcps hk pmd `hsztpd`hsiak`s+’H‘o asstvd` wdvxotcm pmap ntv `hzinoacxhs wdvx otcm nk pvace)‟ Kapaidla|a sah`+ ’\d sphiimawd pmd @dciavaphnk nkCnk`tcp pn hozidodkp ak`pmd Cn`d ng Cnk`tcp pn|nve pn|av`+‟Pmd @NC |as cvdapd` pn`hscntvald allvdsshwd acpspmap ohlmp szave ciasmds) ftp hp mas knp fddk gtiixhozidodkpd`+Pmd ASDAK mas aivda`xcnod tz |hpm a `vagp gnv pmdidlaiix/fhk`hkl CNC ak`hs btsp |ahphkl gnv Fdhbhklpn alvdd nk a `apd gnv `hsctsshnk+Pmd `hsctsshnk |hii fd id` fx Caofn`ha) |mhcm cmahvspmhs xdav‘s ASDAK+’\d avd vda`x pn zvdsdkphp+ \d‘vd btsp |ahphkl |mdkCmhka hs vda`x pn `hsctsspmhs |hpm pmd ASDAK)‟ sah`Zmhihzzhkd Gnvdhlk Aggahvssznedsoak Vati Mdvkak`drnk Gvh`ax+Mdvkak`dr sah` pmap pmd`vagp ng pmd otiphiapdvaicn`d ng cnk`tcp) |mhcmpmd ASDAK odofdvsgahid` pn azzvnwd `tvhklpmd 04pm ASDAK GnvdhlkOhkhspdvhai Oddphkl hkZmkno Zdkm iasp onkpm)|as cvdapd` |hpmhk pmdgvaod|nve ng pmd @NC+Xakl sah` pmap mhs whshppn ASDAK cntkpvhds ahospn zvnonpd a onvd hk/`dzpm spvapdlhc zavpkdvsmhz fdp|ddk Cmhka ak` pmd1:/odofdv ASDAK ak`pn dkmakcd cnnzdvaphnk nkhkpdvkaphnkai ak` vdlhnkaiaggahvs+Pmd `vagphkl ng Cn`dng Cnk`tcp ak` pmdhozidodkpaphnk ng pmd@NC |as cnkpahkd` hk pmdsh}/znhkp/zvhkchzid pmappmd ASDAK ma` shlkd`vdcdkpix agpdv hp gahid` pnhsstd a bnhkp cnootkhqtèap pmd cinsd ng hpsohkhspdvhai cnkgdvdkcd+Hp |as Kapaidla|a|mn ziaxd` a edxvnid hk cnkwhkchkl mhscntkpdvzavps hk pmd vdlhnkpn alvdd nk pmd sh}/znhkp zvhkchzid+Mdvkak`dr) mn|dwdv) sah`pmap pmd Zmhihzzhkds hs sphiid}zinvhkl pmd znsshfhihpxng fvhklhkl pmd `hsztpd fdgnvd pmd Tkhpd` KaphnkCnkwdkphnk nk pmd Ia| ng pmd Sda nv Tkcins+
Fx Oavhcdi W+ Cvtr
 
\APDV)
|apdv dwdvx|mdvd)ftp hs hpsagd pn `vhke> Hp `dzdk`s nk |mdvd hpcnods gvno+
hkl ng aii fnppid` |apdv zvn`tcps+Pmd vdqthvdodkp hkcit`ds pmdnvhlhkai sntvcd ng pmd |apdv) pxzdng |apdv) pxzd ng pvdapodkp) pmd`apd ng fnppihkl) pmd a``vdss ng pmd fnppidv) ak` zvnwh`d ktodvh/cai szdchficaphnk ng sn`hto cnk/pdkp) accnv`hkl pn pmd fhii+Pmd fhii‘s atpmnvs do/ zmashrd` pmd kdd` gnv pmd spapdpn cvagp a cnozvdmdkshwd znihcxgvaod|nve pn vdltiapd pmd acphwh/phds ng pmd ohkdvai) cavfnkapd`ak` npmdv fnppid` |apdv ftshkdss/ds hkcit`hkl stzzihdvs) `hspvhft/pnvs ak` sdiidvs+Pmd odastvd knpd` pmappmd cnkstozphnk ng fnppid` |a/pdv mas hkcvdasd` oaved`ix hkvdcdkp xdavs) |hpm pmntsak`s ng mntsdmni`s ctvvdkpix cnkstohkl fnppid` |apdv as pmd sntvcd ng `vhkehkl |apdv+Hp sah` pmd cnkstodvsavd zaxhkl zvdohto zvhcds gnv  fnppid` |apdv fasd` nk pmd as/stozphnk pmap hp hs ng stzdvhnv qtaihpx pn pmdhv paz |apdv+’Tkgnvptkapdix) fnppid` |apdv sni` hk pmd cntkpvx hs idgp tkvdlt/iapd`) as pmdvd d}hsps a znsshfhihpxpmap pmd fnppid` |apdv sni` hk pmdoavedp hs knp ng stzdvhnv qtaihpxas ciahod`)‟ MF 733= vda`+Tk`dv pmd fhii) pmd @NMsmaii `dfikd ohkdvai |apdv) szvhkl|apdv) kaptvaiix cavfnkapd`)kaptvaiix szaveihkl) |dii |apdv)kaptvai |dii |apdv) avpdshak |a/pdv) kaptvai avpdshak |apdv) ztvh/fid` |apdv) `hsphiid` |apdv) `vhke/hkl |apdv ak` aii npmdv wavhakpsng fnppid` |apdv d}hsphkl hk pmdoavedp) ak` vdqthvd pmap pmd `dfi/khphnk gnv pmd azzvnzvhapd zvn`tcp fd ziacd` nk pmd fnppid+Pmd @NM mas pn gnv/otiapd pmd Kaphnkai Zvhoavx@vhkehkl \apdv Vdltiaphnks cnk/cdvkhkl sntvcd zvnpdcphnk) onkh/pnvhkl) vdznvphkl ak` hkszdcphnk)vdcaii vdltiaphnks) zvnmhfhphnk ng `tai tsd ng fnppid` |apdv dqthz/odkp ak` gnv hps fnppihkl) zaceal/hkl ak` spnvald spt`x) accnv`hklpn pmd fhii+Hp aisn zvdscvhfds pmappmd Sdcvdpavx ng Mdaipm |hpmpmd asshspakcd ng pmd @hvdcpnv ng pmd Gnn` ak` @vtls A`ohkhspva/phnk hs dozn|dvd` pn dspafihsmqtaihpx spak`av`s ak` `dfikhphnksgnv ohkdvai |apdv ak` cavfnkapd`|apdv) aonkl npmdvs+
Bnhkp cnootkhqtd+
Lnwdvkodkp cmhdg zdacd kdlnphapnv Oavwhc Idnkdk -idgp( ak` OHIG zakdi cmahvoakOnmalmdv Hqfai d}cmakld cnzhds ng pmd bnhkp spapdodkp pmdx hsstd` nk Saptv`ax |mhid Oaiaxshak gachihpapnv Pdklet@apn‘ Af Lmagav Pdklet Onmaod` innes nk+
Fx Sava Stsakkd @+ Gaftkakak` Ginvakpd S+ Sniodvhk
PMD Kd| Zdnzid‘s Avox cno/oak` hk Vhrai zvnwhkcd akkntkcd`a pdoznvavx cdasdghvd |hpm Zmhihz/ zhkd atpmnvhphds pn fd afid pn as/shsp whcphos ng pmd vdcdkp ginn`hklcatsd` fx knk/spnz mdawx vahk+Pmd Vhrai/fasd` Kavchsn Ak/parn Avaohi Cnooak` sah` pmdonwd |as hk cnozihakcd |hpm pmd`hvdcphwd gvno pmd CnootkhspZavpx ng pmd Zmhihzzhkds ida`dv/smhz ak` pmd Kaphnkai @doncvaphcGvnkp+ Hp a``d` pmap pmd pvtcd |hiipaed dggdcp spavphkl ap oh`khlmp ng Atl+ 11 Saptv`ax( ak` |hii dk` apoh`khlmp ng Atl+ 1< -Gvh`ax(+Pmd
Oakhia Spak`av` Pn`ax
pvhd` pn ldp a vdacphnk gvno pmdohihpavx) ftp ohihpavx sznedsoakCni+ Avknign Oavcdin FtvlnsBv+ cnti` knp fd vdacmd` gnv cnoodkp+’Pmd gtii gnvcd ng KAAC/KZA/Vhcai mas pdoznvavhix stszdk`d`hps nggdkshwd alahksp pmd Avod`Gnvcds ng Zmhihzzhkds ak` pmd Zmhi/hzzhkd Kaphnkai Znihcd hk Vhraignv nkd |dde hk nv`dv pn onfhihrdvdihdg nzdvaphnk pn pmd whcphos ak`gaohihds aggdcpd` fx pmd ginn`/hkl)‟ pmd KAAC sah` pmvntlm hpssznedsoak Oacavhn Ih|akal+Ih|akal a``d` pmap `tvhkl pmd|dde/inkl cdasdghvd) ohihpavx ak` znihcd gnvcds |hii fd aiin|d` pndkpdv ak` idawd pdvvhpnvhds ng pmd’zdnzid‘s `doncvaphc lnwdvk/odkp‟ pn whshp pmdhv gaohihds nv as/shsp ginn` whcphos+’Pmdx avd gvdd pn dkpdv ak` idawdpdvvhpnvhds |hpmntp pmd gdav ng zns/shfid nggdkshwd acphnks alahksppmdo)‟ pmd vdfdi lvntz sah`+Pmdx) mn|dwdv) sah` pmap pmd KZA |hii vdoahk hk ’`dgdkshwdon`d‟ alahksp znsshfid appaces fxlnwdvkodkp gnvcds+Pmd vdfdis aiidld` pmap hk zvd/whnts xdavs) pmd ohihpavx ak` pmd znihcd tsd` `hsaspdvs as ak nzznv/ptkhpx pn dkpdv pmdhv pdvvhpnvhds pn’szx nv cnk`tcp nggdkshwds‟+’Hg gnvcds gvno pmd ZKZ/AGZ/CAGLT iatkcm appaces alahkspntv tkhp ak` pdvvhpnvhds) |d |hii fd vda`x pn ghlmp pn `dgdk` ntv/sdiwds)‟ pmd Vhrai KZA a``d`+Pmdx aisn azzdaid` pn xntkl ng/ghcdvs ak` nv`hkavx sni`hdvs ak` znihcdodk pn ’`hsnfdx nv`dvs‟gvno pmdhv stzdvhnvs pn cnk`tcpohihpavx nzdvaphnks ap a phod |mdkpmd KZA hs mdizhkl zdnzid aggdcp/d` fx pmd ginn`s+Pmd lvntz sah` hkspda` ng iatkcmhkl ohihpavx nzdvaphnks)lnwdvkodkp gnvcds smnti` hk/spda` whshp pmdhv inwd` nkds ak`mdiz pmdo vdcnwdv gvno pmd ca/iaohpx+’\d avd aisn accdzphkl akx `n/kaphnks hk casm nv hk ehk` pn pmnsd|mn |akp pn mdiz pmd whcphos ng ginn`hkls hk Vhrai+‟
KZA/Vhrai `dciavds </`ax pvtcd
Onvn+++
|daipm smavhkl) zdacd kdlnphapnvs avd d}/ zdcpd` pn paceid hsstds nk pvakshphnk odcma/khso ak` pdvvhpnvhds |mhcm |nti` gnvo zavpng pmd zvnznsd` d}zak`d` Otsiho atpnkn/onts vdlhnk+Odak|mhid) fnpm Idnkdk ak` Hqfai cnk/`dokd` pmd appaces fx pmd Faklsao/nvn Hsiaohc Gvdd`no Ghlmpdvs ng pmdFaklsaonvn Hsiaohc Gvdd`no Onwdodkp+\mhid paies hk Etia Itoztv) Oaiaxsha avdnklnhkl) vdfdis iasp |dde shotipakdntsixappaced` Zmhihzzhkd Avox tkhps hk sdwdkpn|ks hk Oalthk`akan ak` Knvpm Cnpafapn+Zvdsh`dkp Fdkhlkn Aqthkn HHH asstvd`pmap pmd appaces |nti` knp `dvahi pmd nkln/hkl zdacd zvncdss+Idnkdk ak` Hqfai aisn a``d` pmap pmdx `d/kntkcd` pmd ’allvdsshnks‟ fx lvntzs |mn|hii `n dwdvxpmhkl pn `dvahi pmd zdacd zvn/cdss+Hk vdszdcp pn Vao`ak) pmd zakdis ak` pmdhv P\Ls mdi` onvkhkl sdsshnks nkix nk Atl+<) =) 8 ak` pnne a fvdae nk Gvh`ax pmd 1:pmak` vdstod` nk Saptv`ax+Oak|mhid) Kaphnkai Znihcd cmhdg @hvdc/pnv/Ldkdvai Khcaknv Favpninod nk Sap/tv`ax `dzinxd` pmd Szdchai Acphnk Gnvcdpn atlodkp ohihpavx gnvcds |mn avd agpdv Onvn vdfdis fdinklhkl pn pmd szihkpdv lvntzFaklsaonvn Hsiaohc Gvdd`no Onwdodkpid` fx Tofvaeapn+Favpninod `h` knp sax |mdvd pmd szdchaipvnnzs |nti` fd `dzinxd` ftp md sah` pmdSAG `dzinxodkp |as fdhkl `nkd |hpm pmdcnnv`hkaphnk ng pmd Avod` Gnvcds‘ 7pm Hk/gakpvx @hwhshnk id` fx Oab+ Ldk+ Vdx Av`n+Favpninod sah` pmd `dzinxodkp gniin|d`a gvdsm appace ap avntk` 6 a+o+ Saptv`ax fxpmd vdfdis alahksp a SAG ntpznsp ehiihkl nkdng hps odofdvs hk Favaklax Oahptohl hk@apt Tksax pn|k+Av`n h`dkphfid` pmd gapaihpx as Znihcd Ng/ficdv 1 Vak`x @toalthkl+Md sah` pmd vdfdis qthceix |hpm`vd| fd/gnvd vdhkgnvcdodkps avvhwd`+\hpm @toathkl‘s `dapm) pmd ktofdv ng pmd siahk pvnnzdvs vdacmd` 8 shkcd pmd FHGGontkpd` shotipakdnts appaces nk Atltsp 4alahksp ohihpavx ntpznsps ak` hkspaiiaphnkshk Oalthk`akan+ P|n ng pmd gntv sni`hdvs|mn |dvd ehiid` |dvd aisn otphiapd` fx pmdvdfdis+Pmd sznva`hc fivdfilmps hk pmd zvnwhkcdmas `hsziacd` 4)::: gaohihds+Pmd ohihpavx mas vdlahkd` cnkpvni ng pmdOalthk`akan/Ldkdvai Sakpns Mhlm|axpmap |as davihdv cnkpvniid` fx pmd vdfdis+
 
Fx Sava Stsakkd @+ Gaftkak
HK@NKDSHA hs dashix pmd cntkpvx‘scinsdsp aiix hk pmd Assnchaphnk ng Sntpmdasp Ashak Kaphnks ak` fnpmOakhia ak` Baeavpa mawd alvdd` pnvdhkwhlnvapd pmdhv 73/xdav/ni` phdsfx dspafihsmhkl a bnhkp cnoohsshnkgnv fhiapdvai cnnzdvaphnk) accnv`hklpn Hk`nkdshak Aofassa`nv XnmakdsEvhsphavpn Sndvxn Idln|n+Idln|n sah` pmd cnoohsshnk |hiiihedix fd ztp tz fx 63:13 ak` |hiicnkphktntsix dkdvlhrd ak` hkwhlnvapdfhiapdvai vdiaphnks) pmvntlm a fvna`/vaklhkl vdwhd| ak` tz`aphkl ng ni` alvddodkps ak` pmd spvtcptvd`hozidodkpaphnk ng zvnlvaos hk wavhntsavdas ng cnnzdvaphnk+’\d hkpdk` pn vdwhpaihrd aii pmdalvddodkps pmap |d mawd |hpm pmdZmhihzzhkds+ \d |nti` ihed pn dwaitapdaii pmd alvddodkps ak` U`dpdvohkd |mhcmalvddodkp_ kdd`s snod onvd appdkphnknk pmd hozidodkpaphnk)‟ Idln|n sah`hk ak hkpdvwhd|+Idln|n) |mn hs nk mhs sdcnk` pntvas dkwnx) sah` pmd BCFC |as vahsd`
`tvhkl pmd ngfichai whshp ng Hk`nkdshak
Gnvdhlk Ohkhspdv Oavpx Kapaidla|ahk @dcdofdv iasp xdav ak` ahos pnspvdklpmdk ihkealds fdp|ddk pmdlnwdvkodkps ng pmd Zmhihzzhkds ak`Hk`nkdsha+’Kn| |d avd |nvehkl wdvx cinsdix|hpm ntv cniidaltd ap pmd @dzavpodkp
ng Gnvdhlk Aggahvs hk fiipvaphkl pmap ziak
ng acphnk+ Mnzdgtiix pmap ziak ng acphnkcnti` fd shlkd` snodphod kd}p xdav)‟Idln|n sah`+Fnpm pmd Zmhihzzhkds ak` Hk`nkdshagnvod` ak acphnk ziak nk pmd gtiihozidodkpaphnk ak` vdwhd| ng pmdhv 73xdavs ng gvhdk`smhz+’Pmhs ziak ng acphnk |hii h`dkphgx
cnkcvdpd ak` szdchfic acphwhphds ak`
znihchds gnv pmd `hggdvdkp lnwdvkodkp
aldkchds pn zvn`tcd cnkcvdpd fdkdfips
pn ntv vdszdcphwd chphrdks)‟ sah`Gnvdhlk Aggahvs Sdcvdpavx Aifdvp `diVnsavhn+@di Vnsavhn sah` pmd alvddodkpspmap |hii fd vdwhd|d` hkcit`d pmd18<4 Vdwhsd` Fnv`dv CvnsshklAlvddodkp ak` pmd 18<4 Fnv`dv ZapvniAlvddodkp) pmd Fnv`dvPva`d Alvddodkp)18=< Alvddodkp nkGnvdspvx) ak` pmd6:11 odonvak`to ng tk`dvspak`hkl nk cnai)las ak` ldnpmdvoaidkdvlx `dwdinzodkp+Pmd cnoohsshnk|hii aisn `diwd hkpnpmd hozidodkpaphnk ng d}hsphkl alvddodkps
nk pva`d) fismdvhds ak`
oavhphod phds) pdcmkhcaiwncaphnkai pvahkhkl)xntpm cnnzdvaphnknk sznvps) iafnvcnnzdvaphnk) ohlvaphnkak` edx cnkstiavoappdvs) ihed oak`apnvx
cnkstiav knphficaphnk
ak` fhiapdvai cnkstiavcnkstipaphnk+Pmd Zmhihzzhkds ak`Hk`nkdsha aisn alvdd`pn tz`apd ak` aodk` pmdd}hsphkl alvddodkp nkpntvhso cnnzdvaphnk ak`ahv sdvwhcd alvddodkp+Pmd p|n cntkpvhdsdspafihsmd` pmdvdfhiapdvai ak``hzinoaphc vdiaphnkshk 1808 ak` a pvdap ng gvhdk`smhz |as snnkshlkd` hk 1841+
osp+`ax`dseJloahi+cno
 
Stk`ax 
KD\S
 Oakhia
Spak`av`
PN@AX 
ATLTSP 16) 6:16STK@AX
 A3
CXAK OALDKPA XDIIN\FIACE
ZM hsstds szdchai Asdak fhiis
Baeavpa) Oakhia dxdvdwhpaihrd` vdiaphnks
Fx Sava Stsakkd @+ Gaftkak
PMD
Faklen Sdkpvai spavpd` pn chvctiapd nkSaptv`ax 1: ohiihnk szdchai d`hphnk 4:/zdsn fhiispn zvnonpd lvdapdv a|avdkdss ng pmd Assnchaphnk ng Sntpmdasp Ashak Kaphnks |mhcm cdidfvapd` hps 04pmakkhwdvsavx iasp Atl+ =+
’Hk gntv `dca`ds agpdv hps gntk`hkl)ASDAK mas oa`d vdoaveafid zvnlvdssas a vdlhnkai fn`x+ Hp mas dodvld` asa `vhwhkl gnvcd hk zvnonphkl `hainltdak` cnnzdvaphnk hk vdlhnkai spafhihpxak` sdctvhpx) dcnknohc zvnszdvhpx ak`snchn/ctiptvai aohpx)‟ Gnvdhlk AggahvsSdcvdpavx Aifdvp `di Vnsavhn sah` apa Gvh`ax vdcdzphnk shohiav pn pmnsdmdi` hk npmdv ASDAK cazhpais shkcd\d`kds`ax+@di Vnsavhn `hspvhftpd` sntwdkhvcnzhds ng pmd szdchai d`hphnk ctvvdkcxpn pmd aofassa`nvs ak` vdzvdsdkpaphwdsng ASDAK kaphnks hk pmd cntkpvx ak`sah` pmd vdcdzphnk ehced` ngg `hggdvdkpacphwhphds pmvntlmntp pmd cntkpvx pnoave pmd vdlhnkai fince‘s akkhwdvsavx+Pmd acphwhphds hkcit`d` d}mhfhps nk’\apdv Gdsphwhphds ng Sntpmdasp Asha‟ak` ’ASDAK Mdvhpald Zaves)‟ pmdcdidfvaphnk ng ’ASDAK \dde‟ hk scmnnisak` tkhwdvshphds hk cnnzdvaphnk |hpm pmdCnoohsshnk nk Mhlmdv D`tcaphnk ak` pmdASDAK Tkhwdvshpx Kdp|nve) sdohkavs fxtkhwdvshphds ak` zavpkdv nvlakhraphnks) ak`
a fiio smn|hkl fx pmd Ctiptvai Cdkpdv ng 
pmd Zmhihzzhkds hk Ncpnfdv+Ftp |mhid vdzvdsdkpaphwds ng ASDAKkaphnks cdidfvapd` vdlhnkai tkhpx ap pmd
gnvdhlk ngficd) pmd dwdkp aisn tk`dvihkd`
pmd cmaiidklds gachkl pmd vdlhnkai fince nwdv pmd \dsp Zmhihzzhkd Sda+Caofn`ha) gnv d}aozid) |asvdzvdsdkpd` fx Sdcnk` Sdcvdpavx PakCamk`avawtpm fdcatsd gnvodv dkwnxMns Sdvdxpmnkm |as vdcaiid` fx ZmknoZdkm agpdv md acctsd` pmd Zmhihzzhkdsng ’ziaxhkl `hvpx znihphcs‟ `tvhkl pmdGnvdhlk Ohkhspdvhai Oddphkl vdcdkpixmdi` hk Zmkno Zdkm+Pmd aofassa`nv azzavdkpix oa`dpmd vdoave agpdv hkpdvkaphnkai cvhphchso)zavphctiavix gvno ASDAK kaphnks) pmappmd ohkhspdvhai oddphkl) |mhcm |ascmahvd` fx Caofn`ha) gahid` pn hsstd a
 bnhkp cnootkhqtd gnv pmd fivsp phod hk hps
mhspnvx+Pmd hozassd |as nkix sniwd` agpdvHk`nkdshak Gnvdhlk Ohkhspdv OavpxKapaidla|a dofaved` nk a 37/mntv’smtppid `hzinoacx‟ pn pn Oakhia) Maknh)Zmkno Zdkm ak` Shklaznvd ak` gnvld acnksdksts nk pmd nklnhkl |vaklihklnwdv pmd \dsp Zmhihzzhkd Sda+Ftp @di Vnsavhn mnzd` pmap ’`dszhpd pmdoxvha` cmaiidklds pmap mawd cnkgvnkpd`pmd lvntz pmvntlm pmd xdavs) ASDAK |hiioahkpahk hps cdkpvai vnid hk a`wakchklhps odofdvs hkpdvdsps) zavphctiavix hkacmhdwhkl hps cmdvhsmd` h`dais ng zdacd)gvdd`no ak` snchai btsphcd+‟Pmd ASDAK |as dspafihsmd` nk Atl+=) 187< agpdv pmd gnvdhlk ohkhspdvs ng pmd Zmhihzzhkds) Hk`nkdsha) Oaiaxsha)Shklaznvd) ak` Pmahiak` shlkd` pmdFaklene @dciavaphnk hk Pmahiak`+
Pmd fiwd gnvdhlk ohkhspdvs – A`ao
Oaihe ng Hk`nkdsha) Kavchsn Vaonsng pmd Zmhihzzhkds) Af`ti Varae ng Oaiaxsha) S+ Vabavapkao ng Shklaznvd
ak` Pmakap Emnoak ng Pmahiak` – avd
cnksh`dvd` pmd nvlakhsaphnk‘s Gntk`hklGapmdvs+Fvtkdh @avtssaiao bnhkd` pmd finc hk18=0) gniin|d` fx Whdpkao -1884( Ians
ak` Oxakoav -188<( ak` fikaiix fx
Caofn`ha -1888(+
Oak ng pmd Mntsd ak Areai |akka/fd
Pmd Asdak \ax+
Asdak vdzvdsdkpaphwds lapmdv pn cdidfvapd 04 xdavs ng tkhpx+ Pmdx avd -gvno idgp( Fvtkdh Aofassa`nv Oaiah Mabam Maihoam Oaiha Mabh Xtssng) Caofn`ha sdcnk` sdcvdpavx ak` cnksti PakCamk`avawtpm) Ians Aofassa`nv Oaiaxwhdkl Saenkmkhkmno) Hk`nkdsha Aofassa`nv Xnmakds Evhsphavpn Idln|n) Oaiaxsha Cmavld `‘ Aggahvds Raeavha Kashv) Oxakoav Aofassa`nv Atkl Emhk Snd) Zmhihzzhkd GnvdhlkSdcvdpavx Aifdvp `di Vnsavhn) Shklaznvd Aofassa`nv Mhvtfaiak W+Z+) Pmahiak` Cmavld `‘ Aggahvds Pmakhs Ka Snkleiam) Whdpkao Aofassa`nv Kltxdk Wt Pt ak` Asshspakp Sdcvdpavx Pdvdshpa Favsaka) Oakhia‘s `hvdcpnv/ldkdvai gnv ASDAk+
Fx Oavhcdi W+ Cvtr
PMHS ia|oaedv |nti` mawd fddk akAseai+’Hg nkix |d |dvd a gnnpfaii inwhkl)snccdv/cvard` cntkpvx pmdk) H |nti`mawd fddk a zvngdsshnkai gnnpfaiiziaxdv)‟ sah` Mntsd Asshspakp OabnvhpxIda`dv Smdv|hk Ptlka+’Hg pmd Aseais |dvd aivda`x znztiavap pmd phod H |as ziaxhkl hk pmd cntkpvx‘szvdohdv gnnpfaii idaltd) H |nti` mawdfddk ak Aseai ziaxdv gnv stvd)‟ sah`pmd 34/xdav/ni` ia|oaedv vdzvdsdkphklpmd zavpx/ihsp Chphrdks Fappid AlahkspCnvvtzphnk+Ftp Zmhihzzhkd gnnpfaii‘s inss fdcaoda lahk gnv Zmhihzzhkd znihphcs as pmddkdvldphc) h`daihsphc ak` avphctiapdcnklvdssoak hs ptvkhkl ntp pn fd nkd ng `xkaohc idlai ohk`s aonkl pmd 6=0/odofdv Mntsd ng Vdzvdsdkpaphwds+Ptlka |avoix nzdkd` tz pn pmd’tkzavihaodkpavx‟ qtdsphnks as md|a}d` knspailhc nwdv mhs inwd gnv sznvps)zavphctiavix fasedpfaii ak` gnnpfaii+’\mdk hp cnods pn fasedpfaii) Zhknxka Zhknx aen -H ao Ghihzhkn pmvntlm ak`pmvntlm()‟ md zvnt`ix sah`) a``hkl md hs btsp ihed onvd oaids hk pmhs fasedpfaii/cvarx cntkpvx |mn vdwdi hk zhce/tz
laods |mdvdwdv pmdx cak fik` pmdo+
Dwdk fdgnvd ztfdvpx) Ptlka |asaivda`x ziaxhkl gnv Tkhwdvshpx ng SakpnPnoas hk pmd Soaii Fasedpddvs ng pmdZmhihzzhkds ak` Ohin‘s Fdsp+Fx pmd phod md |as hk mhlm scmnni) mdaisn `dwdinzd` a zasshnk gnv gnnpfaii+ ’Hkmhlm scmnni ap pmd TSP) H cnkcdkpvapd`nk gnnpfaii ak` fdcaod a odofdv ng pmd TSP mhlm scmnni gnnpfaii pdao+++ H|as wdvx cnozdphphwd ak` d}cdiid` hkpmd laod+ On`dspx ash`d) H |as a spak`/ntp gnnpfaii ziaxdv hk mhlm scmnni) H |asa spvhedv) a cnkshspdkp lnai oaedv ak`ida`dv ng pmd pdao)‟ Ptlka sah`+Dwdk hk cniidld) md fdcaod a odofdvng pmd TSP wavshpx gnnpfaii pdao ak`fdcaod a pnz spvhedv hk pmd TkhwdvshpxApmidphc Assnchaphnk ng pmd Zmhihzzhkds‘sgnnpfaii pntvkaodkp+Hp |as ap pmap phod pmap md ziaxd` sdoh/zvngdsshnkai gnnpfaii hk pmd kn| `dgtkcpOakhia Zvdohdv Gnnpfaii Idaltd) pmdzvd`dcdssnv ng Tkhpd` Gnnpfaii Idaltd-|mdvd pmd Areais kn| ziax(+Dwdk hk ia| scmnni) md cnkphktd` mhsapmidphc hkpdvdsps ak` fdcaod a odofdvng pmd Apdkdn Ia| Fasedpfaii Pdao+ ’\dziaxd` hk a idaltd pnldpmdv cnozdphklalahksp npmdv ia| scmnnis)‟ md sah`+Ptlka |as a`ohppd` pn pmd Zmhihzzhkdfav hk 6::<) pmd saod xdav md fdcaoda ia|xdv ng Chfac+ Md aisn nzdkd` a
ia| ngficd) Ptlka Baia ' Assnchapds) hk
6::8+Ptlka |as ak assnchapd ia|xdv gnv
Ztxap Bachkpn ' Sakpns Ia| Ngficds hk
6::= ak` |nved` hk pmd Aklava) Afdiin)Cnkcdzchnk) Cvtr) Vdlaia -ACCVA(
ia| ngficd hk 6::<) |mdvd md fdcaod a
fasedpfaii pdao odofdv) ainkl |hpm mhsgdiin| cnklvdssoak Snkkx Aklava+’Hp hs a wdvx dggdcphwd |ax pn eddz hksmazd ak` pn oahkpahk |mapdwdv hs idgp ng ox apmidphchso+‟’Hk gacp) |d mawd a fasedpfaii pdao hkCnklvdss+ \d ziax dwdvx Onk`ax |mdkpmdvd hs ak nzznvptkhpx ak` phod pn ziax)aipmntlm hp hs knp as vdltiav as |d |nti`|akp hp pn fd fdcatsd ng ntv hk`hwh`tai|nve ina` ak` cnoohpodkps)‟ md sah`+Ftp ngg pmd mav`cntvp) pmhs sznvpsoak/idlhsiapnvs vdoahks gnctsd` nk mhs whshnkng ztfihc sdvwhcd+’H whd| ox ctvvdkp znshphnk as azvhwhidld ak` a lvdap nzznvptkhpx pn cvagplnn` ia|s pmap |hii vd`tcd) hg knp pnpaiixdihohkapd) lvagp ak` cnvvtzphnk ak` pmdctiptvd ng hoztlkhpx hk lnwdvkodkp ak`ntv snchdpx)‟ Ptlka sah`+Hk`dd`) Zhknx gnnpfaii‘s inss) hs ntvidlhsiaptvd‘s lahk+
Kn| ak` pmdk+ Zavpx/ihsx Vdz+ Smdv|hk Ptlka‘s `d`hcaphnk pn mhs |nve ap pmd Mntsd ng Vdzvdsdkpaphwds spdos gvno mhs pvahkhkl asa cniidlhapd gnnpfaii ak` fasedpfaii ziaxdv -hksdp(+

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->