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Research

Research

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Published by CAMINO PALMERO

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Published by: CAMINO PALMERO on Jan 14, 2009
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differences in the approaches used by groundedtheory researchers,phenomenologists,andethnographers are noted throughout.
Better “how to”assistance.
There are even more“how to”tips in this edition than in previous ones,with many new ones aimed at qualitative re-searchers. Moreover,these tips are interspersedthroughout the text rather than clustered at the end,which not only places them in more relevant loca-tions,but also makes for a livelier presentation.
Improved readability.
This textbook has beenwidely hailed for its clear,concise,and “user-friendlypresentation. In this edition,however,we have gone to great lengths to write in aneven simpler,more straightforward fashion,inrecognition of the fact that research methods arean inherently complex topic. Additionally,thereadability of the text is enhanced by severalvisual features,such as the use of a new,full-color design.
Greater acknowledgment of internationalefforts.
This edition gives better recognition tothe contributions of nurse researchers fromaround the globe.
Organization of the Text
The content of this edition is organized into sevenmain parts.
Part I—Foundations of Nursing Research
introduces fundamental concepts in nursing re-search. Chapter 1 summarizes the history and
 vii
T
his seventh edition of 
 Nursing Research: Principles and Methods
presents many im-portant changes to this textbook. This edition retainsthe features that have made this an award-winningtextbook,while introducing revisions that will makeit more relevant in an environment that is increas-ingly focused on evidence-based nursing practice.
New to This Edition
Emphasis on producing and evaluatingresearch evidence.
This edition focuses moresquarely on the fact that research is an evidence-building enterprise. We stress throughout thatthe decisions researchers make in designing andimplementing a study have implications for thequality of evidence the study yields—and thatthe quality of evidence affects the utility of study findings for nursing practice. We havealso expanded the final chapter on using re-search in an evidence-based nursing practice.
Expanded coverage of qualitative researchmethods.
As in the sixth edition,this textbookdiscusses the methods associated with naturalis-tic inquiries (qualitative studies) in a manner roughly parallel to the description of methodsmore typically used in traditional scientificresearch (quantitative studies). This edition,which is coauthored by a prominent qualitativenurse researcher,goes even further than previousones in offering assistance to those embarkingon a qualitative research project. For example,
PREFACE
 
Part V—The Analysis of Research Data
dis-cusses methods of analyzing qualitative andquantitative data. Chapters 19,20,and 21 pre-sent an overview of univariate,inferential,andmultivariate statistical analyses,respectively.Chapter 22 describes the development of anoverall analytic strategy for quantitative studies.Chapter 23 discusses methods of doing qualita-tive analyses,with specific information aboutgrounded theory,phenomenologic,and ethno-graphic analyses.
Part VI—Communicating Research
focuseson two types of research communication.Chapter 24 discusses how to write about re-search and,greatly expanded in this edition,howto publish a research report and prepare a thesisor dissertation. Chapter 25 offers suggestionsand guidelines on preparing research proposals.
Part VII—Using Research Results
is intendedto sharpen the critical awareness of nurses withregard to the use of research findings by practic-ing nurses. Chapter 26 discusses the interpretationand appraisal of research reports. The conclud-ing chapter (Chapter 27) offers suggestions onutilizing research to build an evidence-basedpractice,and includes guidance on performingintegrative reviews.
Key Features
This textbook was designed to be helpful to thosewho are learning how to do research,as well as to thegrowing number of nurses who are learning to ap-praise research reports critically and to use researchfindings in practice. Many of the features success-fully used in previous editions have been retained inthis seventh edition. Among the basic principles thathelped to shape this and earlier editions of this bookare (1) an unswerving conviction that the develop-ment of research skills is critical to the nursing pro-fession; (2) a fundamental belief that research is anintellectually and professionally rewarding enter-prise; and (3) a judgment that learning about researchmethods need be neither intimidating nor dull.Consistent with these principles,we have tried to pre-sent the fundamentals of research methods in a way
 viii
Preface
future of nursing research,introduces the topicof using research evidence for nursing practice,discusses the philosophical underpinnings of qualitative research versus quantitative research,and describes the major purposes of nursingresearch. Chapter 2 introduces readers to keyterms,with new emphasis on terms related to thequality of research evidence. Chapter 3 presentsan overview of steps in the research process for both qualitative and quantitative studies.
Part II—Conceptualizing a Research Study
further sets the stage for learning about theresearch process by discussing issues relating toa study’s conceptualization:the formulation of research questions and hypotheses (Chapter 4);the review of relevant research (Chapter 5); andthe development of theoretical and conceptualcontexts (Chapter 6).
Part III—Designs for Nursing Research
pre-sents material on the design of qualitative andquantitative nursing research studies. Chapter 7discusses issues important to the design of research that is ethically sound. Chapter 8describes fundamental principles and applica-tions of quantitative research design,whileChapter 9 describes mechanisms of researchcontrol for quantitative studies. Chapter 10 ex-amines quantitative research with different pur-poses. Chapter 11 is devoted to research designsfor qualitative studies,with new materialaddedon critical theory,feminist,and participatoryaction research. Chapter 12 discusses mixedmethod research designs in which methods for qualitative and quantitative inquiry are blended.Chapter 13 presents designs and strategies for selecting samples of study participants.
Part IV—Measurement and Data Collection
deals with the gathering of information in astudy. Chapter 14 discusses the overall datacollection plan,and the subsequent three chap-ters present materials on specific data collectionmethods such as self-reports (Chapter 15),observation (Chapter 16),and biophysiologicand other methods (Chapter 17). Chapter 18 dis-cusses the concept of measurement,and thenfocuses on methods of assessing data quality.

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