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Tables - Cestodes

Tables - Cestodes

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Published by Sid Loverholic

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Published by: Sid Loverholic on Aug 12, 2012
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09/07/2013

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PARASITE COMMONNAMEDISEASE ADULT EGGS/OVA LIFE CYCLE PATHOLOGY DIAGNOSIS TREATMENT PREVENTION ANDCONTROLPARASITE COMMONNAMEDISEASE ADULT EGGS/OVA LIFE CYCLE PATHOLOGY DIAGNOSIS TREATMENT PREVENTION ANDCONTROL
 
PARASITE COMMONNAMEDISEASE ADULT EGGS/OVA LIFE CYCLE PATHOLOGY DIAGNOSIS TREATMENT PREVENTION ANDCONTROL
Diphyllobothriumlatum
Broad/FishtapewormDiphyllobothriasis,bothriocephaliasis,dibothriocephalusanemia, fishtapeworminfection-longest tapeworm-3-10 meters-3,000-4,000 proglottids-
scolex
: small, 2-4 mm by10-12 mm,saptulate/almond shapedw/ 2 dorsoventral suckinggrooves-
mature proglottids:
broader than long (latum)filled w/ reproductiveorgans-
male organs:
muscularcirrus-
female organs:
bilobes(2) ovary-
gravid segment:
rosettelike/highly coiled uterus-1 million eggs/day-broadly ovoid-w/ inconspicuousoperculum-thick-shelled-light golden-yellow-w/ knob on theshell at thebottom-58-76 microns-containsimmature embryowhen discharge inthe feces
Definitive host:
Human
Two IntermediateHosts:
1
st
freshwatercopepods (Generacyclopes & diaptomus)2
nd
pike, salmon,whitefish, turbot
Precercoid larva:
elongated, glistening,chalky white, spindleshaped-Adult in small intestine(ileum/jejunum)-no symptom ispresent-perniciousanemia-Bothriocephalusanemia-jejunalimpairment(bet. Intrinsicand extrinsicfactor of castle)-Vitamin B
12
 deficiency-macrocyticanemiaStoolexaminationPraziquantelNiclosamideQuanacrine-Proper cooking of fish-freezing the fish24-48 hrs @ -18
o
C(w/c kill theplerocercoid)-proper disposalof human feces-proper disposalof sewage
 
PARASITE COMMONNAMEDISEASE ADULT EGGS/OVA LIFE CYCLE PATHOLOGY DIAGNOSIS TREATMENT PREVENTION ANDCONTROL
Sparganum
 
mansoni
/
Spirometra
 
mansoni
Sparganosis -no scolex & definiteproglottids-elongated, ivory white,ribbon-like larva-pilling of uterus coils-ellipsoidal &possess arounded, conicaloperculum-same as
D. latum
 
Habitat:
skin &subcutaneous tissues.Conjunctiva, vagina, &internal vital organs
Definitive Hosts:
dogs,cats & wild carnivores
Intermediate Hosts:
1
st
 Cyclops2
nd
rodents, snakes &frogs
Infective stage:
procercoid larvae(Cyclops)/plerocercoidlarvae itself -edematoustissue & verypainful to touch-ocularsparganosis
 –
 intense pain,irritation &edematousswelling of theeyelids-elephantiasis
 –
 lymph-acniformpustules
 –
 subcutaneoustissues-pulmonaryartery infection-Lesion (foridentification of whitelarva)-experimantal infection of animals-Surgicalremoval-Praziquantel-drinkingboiled/filteredwater-thorough cookingof possibleintermediatehosts-avoid using fleshas cold poultice
Taenia
 
solium
Pork tapeworm Pork tapeworminfection/Taeniasis solium-2-7 meters-800-1,000 segments-
scolex:
(1mm) globularw/ 4 cup-like suckers, w/conspicuous rostellum,armed w/ double rows of large & small hooklets (20-25 in nos.)-short neck-
mature proglottids:
roughly square w/irregularly alternategenital pores-
testes:
150-200 follicles-
ovary:
symmetricalbilobes & an accessorylobe-spherical-31-43 microns-pale buff towalnut brown incolor-has 2 straited eggshell-
outer shell:
thin& rarely seen-
inner shell:
thick,brown & striated,oncosphere islocated w/hooklets-Adult in small intestine(upper part of the jejunum)-more than one wormmaybe harbored-25 years lifetime-hexacanth embryoescapes from its shell
Infective meat:
“measly pork”
 
Cysticercus cellulosae:
larval stage of 
T.solium
, ellipsoidal,translucent, thin wallbladder worm (5mm by8-10mm) w/ opaque,invaginated scolex-intestineirritation-abdominaldiscomfort-chronicindigestion-diarrhea-Stoolexamination-Scotch tape& anal swab-Slidecompression techniquePraziquantelNiclosamideQuanacrineCriteria:-recovery of the scolex-negativestoolexamination3 mos aftertreatment-properly cookedof meat (gray incolor)-Frozen @ -20
o
Cfor 10 days-Good sanitation

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