Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
2Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Modeling and simulation of fourteen bus system employing D-STATCOM for power quality improvement

Modeling and simulation of fourteen bus system employing D-STATCOM for power quality improvement

Ratings: (0)|Views: 13|Likes:
Published by IDES
This work deals with modeling and simulation of
fourteen bus system employing D-STATCOM for power
quality improvement. The improvement in voltage stability
with D-STATCOM is presented. A 11 level inverter based DSTATCOM
is proposed to reduce the harmonics in the output.
Voltages at various buses with and without D-STATCOM are
presented. The simulation results are compared with the
analytical results
This work deals with modeling and simulation of
fourteen bus system employing D-STATCOM for power
quality improvement. The improvement in voltage stability
with D-STATCOM is presented. A 11 level inverter based DSTATCOM
is proposed to reduce the harmonics in the output.
Voltages at various buses with and without D-STATCOM are
presented. The simulation results are compared with the
analytical results

More info:

Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: IDES on Aug 13, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

04/09/2013

pdf

text

original

 
© 2011 ACEEEDOI: 01.IJCSI.02.03.ACEEE Int. J. on Control System and Instrumentation, Vol. 02, No. 03, October 2011522
Modeling and simulation of fourteen bus system em-ploying D-STATCOM for power quality improvement
Prof. P.Venkata Kishore, Dr. S.Rama Reddy
 Abstract:
This work deals with modeling and simulation of fourteen bus system employing D-STATCOM for powerquality improvement. The improvement in voltage stabilitywith D-STATCOM is presented. A 11 level inverter based D-STATCOM is proposed to reduce the harmonics in the output.Voltages at various buses with and without D-STATCOM arepresented. The simulation results are compared with theanalytical results.
I. I
NTRODUCTION
The rapid development of the high-power electronicsindustry has made Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS)devices viable and attractive for utility applications. FlexibleAC Transmission Systems (FACTS), besides the underlyingconcept of independent control of active and reactive powerflows, are an efficient solution to the reactive power controlproblem and voltage in transmission and distribution systems,offering an attractive alternative for achieving suchobjectives. Electric power quality (EPQ) problems mainlyinclude unbalance voltage and current, flicker, harmonics,voltage sag, dip, swell, and power interruption [1]-[5]. Thesepower quality problems may cause abnormal operations of facilities or even trip protection devices. Hence, themaintenance and improvement of electric power quality hasbecome an important scenario today.The present paper deals with the mathematical modelingof multilevel STATCOM, where, an equivalent value of dcsources (in general, capacitors) over one cycle period iscomputed using principle of energy equivalence. Themathematical model is developed using this equivalentcapacitor value for analysis and control system designpurpose. Fourteen bus system is simulated with and withoutD-STATCOM.II. M
ODELING
 
OF
 
STATCOM
 A. Circuit Model
The voltage source converter based STATCOM is thedominant topology in practice. Figure 1 is the circuitdiagram of a typical STATCOM[9].
Figure1: Equivalent circuit of STATCOM
Wherei
a,
i
b,
i
c
line currentsV
a,
V
b,
V
c
converter phase voltagese
a,
e
b,
e
c
AC source phase voltagesVdc=Vpn DC side voltageI
p
DC side currentL inductance of the line reactor;R resistance of the line reactor;C DC side capacitor,
 B. Mathematical Model
Based on the equivalent circuit of STATCOM shown inFigure 2.1 I can derive the mathematic model of STATCOMas fallow[10[-[12].From power electronics principles we get(1)WhereD
kp
are switching functions and
-
K= a,b,cand(2)From circuit principles we get
 
(3)(4)(5)and
 
(6)39
 
ACEEE Int. J. on Control System and Instrumentation, Vol. 02, No. 03, October 2011© 2011 ACEEEDOI: 01.IJCSI.02.03.522this equation can be expanded as below
 
(7)similarly we can get
 
(8)
 
(9)Writing the above three equations together we have(10)By applying equation (2) to equation (10)(11)and(12)It is common practical in power system application to trans-form 3 phase AC dynamics into orthogonal components in arotating reference frame. Here components are referred to asthe real and reactive components, those that lead to usefulwork and those that do not respectively. From the powersystem theory we get the real and reactive currents relativeto a rotating reference frame with angular frequency as(13)and(14)wherei
d
active current component,i
q
reactive current component,then we have(15)where(16)if we set Tas the first two 2×3 subspace of matrix T, we canget(17)similarly we can get(18)(19)Applying equation (17) to the left part of equation (11)(20)Applying equations (18) and (19) to equation (11)(21)From power system principles we gete
d =
V
m
e
q = 0
and40
 
© 2011 ACEEEDOI: 01.IJCSI.02.03.ACEEE Int. J. on Control System and Instrumentation, Vol. 02, No. 03, October 2011522(22)multiply T to both side of equation (21) and applying equation(22), we obtain(23)By applying equations (17) and (19) to equation (12) wehaveWhich leads to(24)Rearranging equations (23) and (24) we get(25)(27)(26)Finally we find that we can represent the “outer loop”dynamics of STATCOM, the dynamics resulting from anyarbitrary switching function , by representing the aboveequation in its the standard state space form[15]-[18].(28)This completes the nonswitching dynamic model of STATCOM as equation (28). From the model we can see thestates of the STATCOM dynamic loop are i
d
,i
q
and V
dc
. V
m -
can be considered as a system constant parameter. The con-trol variables are D
d,
D
q..
---Note
 
that this is a bilinear systemand in our application, full state feedback control of STATCOM, represents a nonlinear system.III. P
RINCIPLE
 
OF
O
ERATION
The STATCOM consists of a voltage source converterconnected in shunt with the system. For the distribution levelSTATCOM pulse width modulation is typically used to reducethe harmonic output of the converter. Depending on theapplication, the D-STATCOM may be operated to achievethe following objectives:1. voltage regulation at a particular ac bus2. rapid power factor correction of a particular load3. power factor correction and load balancing and/or harmoniccompensation of a particular load.Basically, the STATCOM system is comprised of threemain parts: a VSC, a set of coupling reactors or a step-uptransformer, and a controller. In a very-high-voltage system,the leakage inductances of the step-up power transformerscan function as coupling reactors. The main purpose of thecoupling inductors is to filter out the current harmoniccomponents that are generated mainly by the pulsatingoutput voltage of the power converters [10-12]. TheSTATCOM is connected to the power networks at a PCC,where the voltage-quality problem is a concern. All requiredvoltages and currents are measured and are fed into thecontroller to be compared with the commands. The controllerthen performs feedback control and outputs a set of switchingsignals to drive the main semiconductor switches of the powerconverter accordingly. The single line diagram of theSTATCOM system is illustrated in Figure 2. In general, theVSC is represented by an ideal voltage source associatedwith internal loss connected to the AC power via couplingreactors.
Figure 2(a): Single line diagram of D- STATCOMFigure 2(b): Phasor diagram for power exchanges
41

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->