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Dec Jan 98

Dec Jan 98

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Published by: john on Jan 14, 2009
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   E   C   H   N   O   L   O   G   Y   N   E   W   S
Center for Transportation Research and Education
   T  r  a  n  s  p  o  r   t  a   t   i  o  n   t  e  c   h  n  o   l  o  g  y   t  r  a  n  s   f  e  r   f  o  r   I  o  w  a   ’  s   l  o  c  a   l  g  o  v  e  r  n  m  e  n   t  s
  r  o  a   d  s   /   b  r   i   d  g  e  s   /   t  r  a  n  s   i   t
Final article in a series abouttransportation and theenvironment
presentsmore danger tovegetation and water suppliesthan spreading salt on roadsand bridges, according tothe Salt Institute’s publica-tion,
Deicing Salt and the Environment.
Stored bulk salt that isexposed to rain and snow candevelop harmful runoff. It’salso a waste of salt. Another drawback to exposedsalt storage is that theanticaking agents can washaway from the outer layer,resulting in lumpy salt. Lumpy salt is more difficultto move through spreaders.
Salt storage basics
Keep road salt covered in a permanent roofedstorage facility or one with a waterproof coveringthat’s weighted and tied down.Store salt on an impermeable pad made of asphalt orhigh quality, air-entrained concrete that’s beentreated with a quality sealant to prevent spalling.Slope the storage pad slightly (minimum twopercent) to let any water drain away. Channel waterinto a collection point, especially if the storage areais near a water supply.
Spreading basics
Spreading too much salt can harm roadside vegeta-tion. Since sodium from road salt can build up inthe soil over the years, it makes sense to chooseplants and grasses that can handle salt runoff.Some of the most salt-tolerant grassesfor roadside plantings in Iowa include birds-foot trefoil, buffalo grass, Canada wild rye, dawsonred fescue, fults puccinellia distans, tall fescue, and western wheat grass.Beyond 80 feet from theroadway, the effects of deicingsalt are insignificant.
More information
For more informationabout salt storage, contactStan Ring, CTRE’s librar-ian, 515-294-9481,stan@ctre.iastate.edu, torequest
The Salt Storage Handbook 
Deicing Salt and Our Environment 
.The Salt Institute’s World Wide Web site also hasvaluable information:(http://www.saltinstitute.org/).
Road salt’s environmental impact
On January 1, 1998, the CTRE’s electronicbulletin board service (BBS) will be shutdown.The BBS has fulfilled its original purpose asan electronic data link between Iowa’stransportation agencies and as a stepping-stone to the world of electronic data transfer.Other technologies will soon take over thesefunctions.For details, see page 7.
Farewell, BBS
Canada wild rye is a hardy plant thattolerates roadside salt relatively well.
DEC–JAN 1997–98 
The preparation of thisnewsletter was financed through theLocal Technical Assistance Program(LTAP). LTAP is a nationwideeffort financed jointly in Iowa by the Federal Highway  Administration and the IowaDepartment of Transportation.The mission of Iowa’s LTAP:To foster a safe, efficient,environmentally soundtransportation system by improvingskills and knowledge of localtransportation providers throughtraining, technical assistance, andtechnology transfer, to improve thequality of life for Iowans.Subscriptions to
are free, and we welcome your comments,questions, and suggestions. Tosubscribe, or to obtain permissionto reprint articles, contact the editorat the address below.Center for TransportationResearch and Education2625 N. Loop Drive, Suite 2100Ames, Iowa 50010-8615Telephone: 515-294-8103Fax: 515-294-0467http://www.ctre.iastate.edu/Tom MazeDirector(e-mail: tom@ctre.iastate.edu)Duane Smith Associate Director for Outreach(e-mail: desmith@iastate.edu)Marcia Brink Editor(e-mail: marcia@ctre.iastate.edu)Sharon Prochnow Program Coordinator(e-mail: sharon@ctre.iastate.edu)Stan RingLibrary Coordinator(e-mail: stan@ctre.iastate.edu)Michele RegenoldEditorial Assistant(e-mail: michele@ctre.iastate.edu)The opinions, findings, orrecommendations expressedhere are those of theCenter for TransportationResearch and Educationand do not necessarily reflectthe views of the FederalHighway Administration or theIowa Department of Transportation.Iowa State University and theCenter for TransportationResearch and Educationprovide equal opportunities andcomply with ADA requirements inprograms and employment. Callthe Affirmative ActionOffice at 515-294-7612to report discrimination.
nameplate was designed by  Jennifer Reed.
 Printed on Recycled Paper
MoGO in snowCTRE welcomes new Safety Circuit Rider
, currently develop-ment engineer at the Iowa DOT’sSoutheast Iowa Transportation Center, will join the CTRE staff as Safety Circuit Rider inearly January 1998. Watch for details in the nextissue of 
Technology News 
. A 
that’sexposed to the weather “ends upbeing one big hard chunk of salt,” Ames Street SupervisorCraig Kirk says.The city of Ames’s salt storagefacility, built in 1990, mea-sures 61 feet in diameter andholds about 1,300 tons of salt.The city uses between 1,500and 2,000 tons of salt in a year. With the storage facility’sconvenient location near therailroad, salt is delivered to the site by rail a little bit at a time. The storage facility cost about $52,000 tobuild. The facility “eliminates waste and runoff,” Kirk says, and it pays for itself in about 10 years.
Storage facility saves salt
Second article in a series of tips for motorgrader operators
to plowing,” Winnebago County SuperintendentMark Johnson said at the Iowa WinterTraining Expo in Ames last October. Johnson and a few other experienced motor graderoperators led a discussion about plowing snow.Some of their suggestions follow:On deep banks of snow “always take just a little bitless than you think you should,” Johnson said. Keepyour speed up and throw the snow out. Put a “V”shape on each bank so the snow has more chance toblow through. A road with a squared off bank of snow will fill in more quickly, he said.Dubuque County Maintenance Supervisor Ray Scheerman said if the snow is deep, “get a holepunched through the drifts.” Get the first track as wide as possible because severe blowing and driftingcan close it up again quickly.Driving an articulating motor grader as fast as youcan with the front end of the V against the drift works great on deep drifts, said Tom French, super-intendent for Buena Vista County. He wings six toeight inches at a time, throwing it as far as possible.Taking time to learn the art and craft of winteroperations with a motor grader will help you get the job done better, faster, and with fewer complaintsfrom residents.Tips for cleaning snow off roads with a motorgrader are illustrated on the next page.
DEC–JAN 1997–98 
Center for Transportation Research and Education 
LTAP Advisory Board
The people listed below helpguide and direct the policiesand activities of the Center forTransportation Research andEducation’s Local Technical Assistance Program (LTAP).The committee meets at leastannually. Representatives of rural and urban agencies andindividuals concerned with thetransfer of transportation tech-nology in Iowa are welcome toattend advisory committeemeetings.Contact any of the advisory committee members tocomment, make suggestions, orask questions about any aspectof LTAP.Saleem BaigLocal SystemsIowa Department of TransportationTelephone: 515-239-1051Gary FoxTraffic andTransportation DirectorCity of Des MoinesTelephone: 515-283-4973Kevin GilchristSenior Transportation PlannerDes Moines MetropolitanPlanning OrganizationTelephone: 515-237-1316Neil GuessCity EngineerCity of NewtonTelephone: 515-792-6622Becky HiattIowa Division, FederalHighway AdministrationTelephone: 515-233-7321Raymond HollandCity EngineerCity of Bettendorf Telephone: 319-344-4055Harold JensenStory County EngineerTelephone: 515-382-6581Larry JesseLocal SystemsIowa Department of TransportationTelephone: 515-239-1528Brian ParkerIowa Division, FederalHighway AdministrationTelephone: 515-233-7315Bob Sperry  Webster County EngineerTelephone: 515-576-3281
This method is incorrect. The wing is toolow, leaving a ridge of snow that will cause a worse drift during the next storm.
Line art and tips on this page courtesy of the South Dakota LTAP center.
For light to moderate snow conditions, thismethod is correct. It leaves no ridge.In the spring, clean the shoulders so watercan run off.
More MoGO in snow
Light snow (2)Light snow (1)Spring follow-up
The “V” shape allows wind and snow to blow right across,leaving little snow.
Heavy snow (3)
On your second pass, use your wing to put more slope on thesnow bank so it’s shaped like a “V.” Then use your wing to“bench” the ridge off the snow bank.
Heavy snow (2)
For deep snow conditions, the first pass should not be the lastpass or the next storm will make the road impossible to open.
Heavy snow (1)

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