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Systems Development Investigation and Analysis

Systems Development Investigation and Analysis

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Published by Aditya Singh

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Published by: Aditya Singh on Aug 13, 2012
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Systems Development: Investigation and Analysis
At a Glance
Overview
This chapter and the next examine systems development, which is the activity of creating newinformation systems or modifying existing ones. It refers to all aspects of the process, fromidentifying problems to be solved or opportunities to be exploited, to the implementation andrefinement of the chosen solution. In this chapter, the first two phases of the traditionalsystems development life cycle will be examined in detail: systems investigation and systemsanalysis. The key features, advantages, and disadvantages of the traditional, prototyping, rapidapplication development, and end-user systems development life cycles will also be discussed.Finally, several factors that influence the success or failure of a systems development projectwill be identified.
Principles and Objectives
PrinciplesLearning Objectives
 Effective systems development requires ateam effort from stakeholders, users,managers, systems development specialists,and various support personnel, and it startswith careful planning.
Identify the key participants in thesystems development process anddiscuss their roles.
Define the term
information systems planning 
and list several reasons for initiating a systems project.Systems development often uses tools toselect, implement, and monitor projects,including net present value (NPV), prototyping, rapid application development,CASE tools, and object-orienteddevelopment.
Discuss the key features, advantages,and disadvantages of the traditional, prototyping, rapid applicationdevelopment, and end-user systemsdevelopment life cycles.
Identify several factors thatinfluence the success or failure of asystems development project.
Discuss the use of CASE tools andthe object-oriented approach to systemsdevelopment.
 
Systems development starts withinvestigation and analysis of existingsystems. 
State the purpose of systemsinvestigation.
Discuss the importance of performanceand cost objectives.
State the purpose of systems analysisand discuss some of the tools andtechniques used in this phase of systemsdevelopment.
 
 
Why Learn About Systems Development?
Throughout this book, students have explored the use of many different types of informationsystems for a variety of business purposes. The final chapters look at the process that is usedto build these systems.In this chapter, students will see how they can initiate the systems development process andanalyze their needs with the help of IS personnel. Systems investigation and systems analysisare the first two steps of the systems development process. This chapter provides specificexamples of how new or modified systems are initiated and analyzed in a number of industries. Students will learn how their project can be planned, aligned with corporate goals,rapidly developed, and much more.
An Overview of Systems Development
Systems development is the process of transforming organizational problems or opportunitiesinto information technology enabled solutions.
Participants in Systems Development
Systems development is usually carried out by a group of people, called the developmentteam. This team usually consists of stakeholders, users, managers, systems developmentspecialists, such as systems analysts and programmers, and various support personnel.In the context of systems development, stakeholders are individuals who, either themselves or through the area of the organization they represent, benefit from the systems development project. Users are individuals who will interact with the system regularly. They can beemployees, managers, or suppliers.A systems analyst is a professional who specializes in analyzing and designing businesssystems. Systems analysts play various roles while interacting with the stakeholders and users,management, vendors and suppliers, external companies, software programmers, and other ISsupport personnel. The programmer is responsible for modifying or developing programs tosatisfy user requirements. Like a contractor constructing a new building or renovating anexisting one, the programmer takes the plans from the systems analyst and builds or modifiesthe necessary software. 
Initiating Systems Development
 
Systems development initiatives arise from all levels of an organization and are both plannedand unplanned. Solid planning and managerial involvement helps ensure that these initiativessupport broader organizational goals. Systems development projects are initiated for a number of reasons, such as mergers and acquisitions or federal regulations (see Figure 12.2, page 481).
Information Systems Planning and Aligning Corporate and IS Goals
Information systems planning and the aligning of corporate and IS goals are important for asuccessful systems development project.

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