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Telecommunications and Networks

Telecommunications and Networks

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Published by Aditya Singh

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Published by: Aditya Singh on Aug 13, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Telecommunications and Networks
At a Glance
Chapter Overview
Chapter 6 emphasizes the importance of telecommunications and networks to anorganization’s success. It describes the different types of communication media used for telecommunications. It also discusses communication hardware devices and communication protocols. Different network types are described and client/server systems are explained.Finally, the chapter goes into some of the applications of telecommunications and networks,including linking personal computers to mainframes and networks, voice mail, home andsmall business networks, electronic document distribution, call centers, telecommuting,videoconferencing, electronic data interchange, public network services, electronic fundstransfer, distance learning, and team collaboration systems.
Principles and Objectives
PrinciplesLearning Objectives
Effective communications are essential toorganizational success.
Define the terms
and describe thecomponents of a telecommunicationssystem.Communications technology lets more people send and receive all forms oinformation over greater distances at a faster rate than ever before.
Identify two broad categories of communications media and their associated characteristics.
Identify several communicationshardware devices and discuss their function.
 Name three types of telecommunicationscarriers and discuss the services they provide.
Describe many of the benefits associatedwith a telecommunications network.
Define the term
communications protocols
and identify several commonones.
 Name three distributed processingalternatives and discuss their basicfeatures.
List and describe severaltelecommunications applications that
organizations benefit from today.
Teaching Tips
Why Learn About Telecommunications and Networks?
Today’s decision makers need to access data wherever it resides. They must be able toestablish fast, reliable connections to exchange messages, upload and download data andsoftware, route business transactions to processors, connect to databases and network services,and send output to printers. These tasks rely on telecommunications and the use of networks.Regardless of their chosen major or future career field, students will need the communicationscapabilities provided by telecommunications and networks. This is especially true if their work involves the supply chain because it involves cooperation and communication amongworkers in all phases and with customers, suppliers, and shippers.
An Overview of Telecommunications
Telecommunications refers to the electronic transmission of signals for communications,including such means as telephone, radio, and television. Figure 6.1 on page 219 (see below)shows a general model of telecommunications. It starts with a sending unit (1), such as a person, a computer system, a terminal, or another device, that originates the message. Thesending unit transmits a signal (2) to a telecommunications device (3). Thetelecommunications device performs a number of functions, which can include converting thesignal into a different form or from one type to another. The telecommunications device thensends the signal through a medium (4). A telecommunications medium is anything that carriesan electronic signal and interfaces between a sending device and a receiving device. Thesignal is received by another telecommunications device (5) that is connected to the receivingcomputer (6). The process can then be reversed and another message can go back from thereceiving unit (6) to the original sending unit (1).
Figure 6.1: Elements of a Telecommunications System

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