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AP US History Summer Assignment 2011 2012

AP US History Summer Assignment 2011 2012

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AP US History Summer Assignment – 2011-2012
Complete the following study guides –
New World Beginnings and Planting of English America.
a. Answers can be found in history books at the library or book store. There is no need to go out andbuy thetextbook. Answers can also be obtained from the internet, do some research with the Digital Libraryon the PHSWebsite.b. “Short Answer Questions” should be short answers (
not essays).
Complete the maps – world and English colonies in North AmericaStudy Guides and maps are due on August 15, 2011.
New World Beginnings, 33,000 B.C. – A.D. 1769Before beginning your research, read over these “Themes”:Theme:
 The first discoverers of America, the ancestors of the American Indians, were small bands of hunters who crosseda temporary land bridge from Siberia and spread across both North and South America. Theyevolved a greatvariety of cultures, which ranged from the sophisticated urban civilizations in Mexico andCentral and SouthAmerica to the largely semi nomadic societies of North America.
Theme:
Europe's growing demand for Eastern luxuries prompted exploration in the hopes of reducing theexpense of those goods with new trade routes. Exploration occurred incrementally, beginning with thePortuguese movingaround the coast of Africa and establishing trading posts. Awareness of the New World and itswealth pushedexploration across the Atlantic. Spanish exploration continued in the same fashion, first in theCaribbean islandsthen expanding into South and North America.
Theme:
Portuguese and Spanish explorers encountered and then conquered much of the Americas andtheir Indianinhabitants. This collision of worlds deeply affected all the Atlantic societies Europe, the
 Americas, andAfrica as the effects of disease, conquest, slavery, and intermarriage began to create a truly
 new world inLatin America, including the borderlands of Florida, New Mexico, and California, all of which laterbecame partof the United States.
After studying about New World Beginnings, you should be able to:
1. Describe the origin and development of the major native Indian cultures of the Americas.2. Explain the developments in Europe and Africa that led to Columbus’s voyage to America.3. Explain what two countries led the way in early exploration and why they were able to do so.4. Explain the changes and conflicts that occurred when the diverse worlds of Europe, Africa, and theAmericas collided after 1492.5. Describe the Spanish conquest of Mexico and South America and identify the major features of Spanishcolonization and expansion in North America.
Identify and state the historical significance of the following people and terms. Note the datesof the event if that is pertinent.A. People
Marco PoloFrancisco Pizarro Juan Ponce de León
 
Hernando De SotoMontezumaChristopher ColumbusHernán CortésFrancisco CoronadoFather Junipero Serra
B. Terms:
capitalismRenaissance
mestizos
 Treaty of Tordesillas“three sister” farmingGreat Ice AgeCanadian ShieldMound Builders“the black legend”
conquistadores
AztecsPopés RebellionPueblo IndiansSpanish Armadaspice islandsencomiendaIroquois Confederacy
C. Short Answer Questions:
1. What fundamental factors drew the Europeans to the exploration, conquest, and settlement of the NewWorld? Explain.2. In what ways might the European encounter with the Americas be seen as a disaster or tragedy,and in what waysmight it be seen as an inevitable development in the history of humanity with longrun positive
 results?3. What was the impact on the Indians, Europeans, and Africans when each of their previouslyseparate worlds“collided” with one another?4. What were the common characteristics of all Indian cultures in the New World, and what were theimportantdifferences among them?5. How did the geographic setting of North America – including its relation to Asia, Europe, and Africa– affect itssubsequent history?
The Planting of English America: 1500 1733Before beginning your research, read over these “Themes”:Theme:
After a late start, a proud, nationalistic England joined the race for colonies and successfullyestablished fivecolonies along the southeastern seacoast of North America. Although varying somewhat inorigins andcharacter, all these colonies exhibited plantation agriculture, indentured and slave labor, atendency towardstrong economic and social hierarchies, and a pattern of widely scattered, institutionallyweak settlements.
Theme:
 The English hoped to follow Spain's example of finding great wealth in the New World, andthat influencedthe financing and founding of the early southern colonies. The focus on making thesouthern coloniesprofitable shaped colonial decisions, including choice of crops and the use of indenturedand slave labor. This same focus also helped create economic and cultural ties between the early southerncolonies andEnglish settlements in the West Indies.
 
Theme:
 The early southern colonies encounters with Indians and African slaves established thepatterns of racerelations that would shape the North American experience; in particular, warfare andreservations for theIndians and lifelong slave codes for African Americans.
After studying about English American colonies, you should be able to:
1. State the factors that led England to begin colonization.2. Describe the development of Jamestown, from its disastrous beginnings to its later apparentprosperity.3. Describe the cultural and social changes that Native American communities underwent inresponse toEuropean colonization.4. Describe the different ways the Spanish, British and French interacted with Native Americans.5. Describe changes in the economy and labor system in Virginia and other southern colonies.6. Indicate the similarities and differences among the southern colonies of Virginia, Maryland, NorthCarolina, South Carolina and Georgia.
Identify and state the historical significance of the following people and terms. Note thedates of the event if that is pertinentA. People
Lord De La WarePocahontas John SmithPowhatanHandsome Lake John RolfeLord BaltimoreWalter Raleigh James OglethorpeHumphrey GilbertOliver Cromwell
B. Terms:
nationalismnationstate
 jointstock company
slaveryslave codes
House of BurgessesRoyal colonyProprietary colonyyeomanlonghouseSpanish Armadaprimogenitureindentured servitudeenclosurestarving timesquatter1st AngloPowhatan War
2nd AngloPowhatan War
Act of TolerationBarbados slave codeVirginia CompanyRestorationAct of TolerationSavannah IndiansIroquois ConfederacyIreland
C. Short Answer Questions:
1. Compare and contrast the early colonial empires of Portugal, Spain, and England in terms of motives,economic foundations, and relations with Africans and Indians.2. Discuss the relations between the English settlers and the Indians of the southern Atlantic coast.3. How did the search for a viable labor force affect the development of the southern colonies? Whatwasthe role of AfricanAmerican slavery in the early colonial settlements? Why were two southern
colonies initially resistant to slavery?

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