AP US History Summer Assignment – 2011-2012
Complete the following study guides –
New World Beginnings and Planting of English America.
a. Answers can be found in history books at the library or book store. There is no need to go out andbuy thetextbook. Answers can also be obtained from the internet, do some research with the Digital Libraryon the PHSWebsite.b. “Short Answer Questions” should be short answers (
Complete the maps – world and English colonies in North AmericaStudy Guides and maps are due on August 15, 2011.
New World Beginnings, 33,000 B.C. – A.D. 1769Before beginning your research, read over these “Themes”:Theme:
The first discoverers of America, the ancestors of the American Indians, were small bands of hunters who crosseda temporary land bridge from Siberia and spread across both North and South America. Theyevolved a greatvariety of cultures, which ranged from the sophisticated urban civilizations in Mexico andCentral and SouthAmerica to the largely semi nomadic societies of North America.
Europe's growing demand for Eastern luxuries prompted exploration in the hopes of reducing theexpense of those goods with new trade routes. Exploration occurred incrementally, beginning with thePortuguese movingaround the coast of Africa and establishing trading posts. Awareness of the New World and itswealth pushedexploration across the Atlantic. Spanish exploration continued in the same fashion, first in theCaribbean islandsthen expanding into South and North America.
Portuguese and Spanish explorers encountered and then conquered much of the Americas andtheir Indianinhabitants. This collision of worlds deeply affected all the Atlantic societies Europe, the
Americas, andAfrica as the effects of disease, conquest, slavery, and intermarriage began to create a truly
new world inLatin America, including the borderlands of Florida, New Mexico, and California, all of which laterbecame partof the United States.
After studying about New World Beginnings, you should be able to:
1. Describe the origin and development of the major native Indian cultures of the Americas.2. Explain the developments in Europe and Africa that led to Columbus’s voyage to America.3. Explain what two countries led the way in early exploration and why they were able to do so.4. Explain the changes and conflicts that occurred when the diverse worlds of Europe, Africa, and theAmericas collided after 1492.5. Describe the Spanish conquest of Mexico and South America and identify the major features of Spanishcolonization and expansion in North America.
Identify and state the historical significance of the following people and terms. Note the datesof the event if that is pertinent.A. People
Marco PoloFrancisco Pizarro Juan Ponce de León