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chapter15 (2)

chapter15 (2)

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Published by Jen BrownBeauty

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Published by: Jen BrownBeauty on Aug 14, 2012
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Chemistry 
, 6e (McMurry/Fay)
Chapter 15 Applications of Aqueous Equilibria
15.1 Multiple-Choice Questions1) Which is a net ionic equation for the neutralization of a strong acid with a strong base?A) HCl(
aq
) + NaOH(
aq
)
H2O(
) + NaCl(
aq
)B) H3O+(
aq
) + OH-(
aq
)
2 H2O(
)C) HF(
aq
) + NaOH(
aq
)
H2O(
) + NaF(
aq
)D) HF(
aq
) + OH-(
aq
)
H2O(
) + F-(
aq
)Answer: BTopic: Section 15.1 Neutralization Reactions2) Which is a net ionic equation for the neutralization of a weak acid with a strong base?A) HCl(
aq
) + NaOH(
aq
)
H2O(
) + NaCl(
aq
)B) H3O+(
aq
) + OH-(
aq
)
2 H2O(
)C) HF(
aq
) + NaOH(
aq
)
H2O(
) + NaF(
aq
)D) HF(
aq
) + OH-(
aq
)
H2O(
) + F-(
aq
)Answer: DTopic: Section 15.1 Neutralization Reactions3) Which is a net ionic equation for the neutralization reaction of a strong acid with a weak base?A) HCl(
aq
) + NaOH(
aq
)
H2O(
) + NaCl(
aq
)B) H3O+(
aq
) + OH-(
aq
)
2 H2O(
)C) HCl(
aq
) + NH3(
aq
)
NH4Cl(
aq
)D) H3O+(
aq
) + NH3(
aq
)
NH4+(
aq
) + H2O(
)Answer: DTopic: Section 15.1 Neutralization Reactions4) Which is a net ionic equation for the neutralization reaction of a weak acid with a weak base?A) H3O+(
aq
) + OH-(
aq
)
2 H2O(
)B) HF(
aq
) + NH3(
aq
)
NH4+(
aq
) + F-(
aq
)C) HF(
aq
) + OH-(
aq
)
H2O(
) + F-(
aq
)D) H3O+(
aq
) + NH3(
aq
)
NH4+(
aq
) + H2O(
)Answer: BTopic: Section 15.1 Neutralization Reactions
1Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.
 
5) What is the equation relating the equilibrium constant
 K 
nfor the neutralization of a weak acid with aweak base to the
 K 
aof the acid, the
 K 
 bof the base and
 K 
w?A)
 K 
n=
 K 
a
 K 
 b
 K 
wB)
 K 
n=abw
 K  K 
C)
 K 
n=aw b
 K  K 
D)
 K 
n= bwa
 K  K 
Answer: BTopic: Section 15.1 Neutralization Reactions6) What is the approximate value of the equilibrium constant,
 K 
n, for the neutralization of acetic acid withsodium hydroxide, shown in the equation below? The
 K 
afor acetic acid is 1.8 × 10 –5.CH3CO2H(
aq
) + NaOH(
aq
)
H2O(
) + NaCH3CO2(
aq
)A) 1.8 × 10-19B) 5.6 × 10-10C) 1.8 × 10-8D) 1.8 × 109Answer: DTopic: Section 15.1 Neutralization Reactions7) What is the approximate value of the equilibrium constant,
 K 
n, for the neutralization of pyridine withhydrochloric acid, shown in the equation below? The
 K 
 bfor pyridine is 1.8 × 10 –9.HCl(
aq
) + C5H5 N(
aq
)
C5H5 NHCl(
aq
)A) 5.6 × 10-10B) 5.6 × 10-6C) 1.8 × 105D) 5.6 × 108Answer: CTopic: Section 15.1 Neutralization Reactions8) What is the approximate value of the equilibrium constant,
 K 
n, for the neutralization of nitrous acidwith ammonia, shown in the equation below? The
 K 
afor HNO2is 4.5 × 10 –4and the K  bfor NH3is1.8 × 10 –5.HNO2(
aq
) + NH3(
aq
)
NH4 NO2(
aq
)A) 8.1 × 105B) 1.8 × 109C) 4.5 × 1010D) 8.1 × 1019Answer: ATopic: Section 15.1 Neutralization Reactions
2Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.
 
9) What is the approximate value of the equilibrium constant,
 K 
n, for the neutralization of hydrochloricacid with sodium hydroxide, shown in the equation below?HCl(
aq
) + NaOH(
aq
)
H2O(
) + NaCl(
aq
)A) 1.0 × 102B) 1.0 × 107C) 1.0 × 1014D) 1.0 × 1028Answer: CTopic: Section 15.1 Neutralization Reactions10) The neutralization constant
nfor the neutralization of acetylsalicylic acid (C9H8O4) and codeine(C18H21 NO3) is 4.8
×
104. The acid dissociation constant
 K 
afor acetylsalicylic acid is 3.0
×
10-4. Whatis the base dissociation constant
 K 
 bfor codeine?A) 4.8
×
10-24B) 6.3
×
10-23C) 1.6
×
10-6D) 1.4
×
1015Answer: CTopic: Section 15.1 Neutralization Reactions11) The neutralization constant
nfor the neutralization of phenobarbital (C12H12 N2O3) and morphine(C17H19 NO3) is 2.9. The acid dissociation constant
 K 
afor phenobarbital is 3.9
×
10-8. What is the basedissociation constant
 K 
 bfor morphine?A) 1.3
×
10-22B) 6.3
×
10-23C) 7.4
×
10-7D) 1.1
×
107Answer: CTopic: Section 15.1 Neutralization Reactions12) Which of these neutralization reactions has a pH = 7 when equal molar amounts of acid and base aremixed?A) CH3CO2H(
aq
) + NaOH(
aq
)
H2O(
) + NaCH3CO2(
aq
)B) HCl(
aq
) + C5H5 N(
aq
)
C5H5 NHCl(
aq
)C) HCl(
aq
) + NaOH(
aq
)
H2O(
) + NaCl(
aq
)D) HNO2(
aq
) + NH3(
aq
)
NH4 NO2(
aq
)Answer: CTopic: Section 15.1 Neutralization Reactions
3Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.

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