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Classical Dynamics - Solution Cap 13

# Classical Dynamics - Solution Cap 13

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Soluções para os problemas do livro Classical Dynamics.
Mais em http://www.0e1.org
Soluções para os problemas do livro Classical Dynamics.
Mais em http://www.0e1.org

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11/14/2012

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CHAPTER

13

Continuous Systems;Waves
13-1.
The initial velocities are zero and so all of the
r
ν
vanish [see Eq. (13.8b)]. The
r
µ
aregiven by [see Eq. (13.8a)]
03
23sinsin
Lrr
A x r xdxL L L A
π π µ δ
==
∫
(1)so that
3
0,3
r
Ar
µ µ
==
(2)The characteristic frequency
3
ω
is [see Eq. (13.11)]
3
3
L
π τ ω  ρ
=
(3)and therefore,
( )
33,cossin
xq x t A tL L
π τ π  ρ
=
(4)For the particular set of initial conditions used, only one normal mode is excited. Why?
13-2.
L
3
hL

435

436
CHAPTER 13
The initial conditions are
( )( )
3,03,03,23
h Lx xLq xh LL x x LL
=
(1)
( )
,00
q x
=
(2)Because
( )
,00
q x
=
, all of the
r
ν
vanish. The
r
µ
are given by
( )
3220322
63sinsin9sin3
LLrL
h r x h r xx dx L xL L L Lh rr
= +
∫
π π µ π π
dx
=
(3)We see that 0
r
µ
=
for
r
= 3, 6, 9, etc. The displacement function is
( )
122
931214,sincossincossincos2416
hx x xq x t t t tL L L
= + ×
π π π ω ω π
4
ω
(4)where
r
rL
π τ ω  ρ
=
(5)The frequencies
3
ω
,
6
ω
,
9
ω
, etc. are absent because the initial displacement at
3
L
preventsthat point from being a node. Thus, none of the harmonics with a node at
3
L
are excited.
13-3.
The displacement function is
( )
132
,1315sincossincossincos8925
q x tx x xt th L L L
π π π ω ω π
+
5
t
ω
+=
(1)where
11
r
Lr
π τ ω  ρ ω ω
==
(2)For
t
= 0,
( )
2
,01315sinsinsin8925
x x xh L L L
= + +
π π π π
q x
(3)The figure below shows the first term, the first two terms, and the first three terms of thisfunction. It is evident that the triangular shape is well represented by the first three terms.

CONTINUOUS SYSTEMS; WAVES
437

1 term
L
102 terms
L
103 terms
L
10
The time development of
q
(
x
,
t
) is shown below at intervals of 1 of the fundamental period.8
t
= 0,
t
=
1878,
t
=
1434,
t
=
3858,
t
=
12

13-4.
The coefficients
r
ν
are all zero and the
r
µ
are given by Eq. (13.8a):
( )( )
2033
8sin1611
Lrr
r xx L x dxL Lr
= =
∫
π µ π
(1)so that
3
0, even32, odd3
r
rrr
µ π
=
(2)Since