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my FEA project

my FEA project

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Published by vijayan m g

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Published by: vijayan m g on Aug 14, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/18/2013

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Contents
 
CONTENTS
 
CHAPTER Page No.ACKNOWLEDGEMENT………………………………………………………………iSYNOPSIS……………………………………………………………………………..iiLIST OF FIGURES……………………………………………………………………iii1. INTRODUCTION……………………………………………………………………...1
1.1 Requirements of the leaf spring................................................................11.2 Glass fiber………………………………………………………………..………….21.3 Epoxy resin………………………………………………………………..………...2
2. LITERATURE SURVEY……………………………………………………………...3
 
2.1 Need for current study………………………………………………….………..…
4
 
3. PROBLEM DEFINITION……………………………………………………………..54. OBJECTIVE…………………………………………………………………….……. 65. METHODOLOGY……………………………………………..…………..................76. SYSTEM SPECIFICATIONS………………………………………………………...8
6.1 Specification and material properties of steel leaf spring……………..………..86.2 Specification of material properties of composite leaf spring……….…………8
7. EXPECTED DELIVERABLES…………………...…………………………….…….9
 
7.1 Software used………………….……………………………………………..……..9
8. MODELING……………………………………………………………………………10
 
9. ANALYSIS………………………………………………………………………..……11
 9.1 Stress distribution of steel leaf spring..........................................................119.2 Stress distribution of composite leaf spring.................................................11
10
.
CONCLUSION……………………………………………………….……………....12
 
11. BIBLIOGRAPHY…….……………………………………………………………….13
 
 
Synopsisii
SYNOPSIS
A steel spring used in the rear suspension system of light vehicles is analyzedusing ANSYS software. By using the finite element results, stresses and deflections areverified. Using the results of the steel leaf spring, a composite leaf spring made up offiberglass with epoxy resin is designed and optimized using ANSYS software. The mainconsideration is given to the geometry optimizitation of the leaf spring geometry. Themain objective is to compare the load carrying capacity, stiffness and weight reduction ofcomposite leaf spring with that of steel leaf spring. The results showed that an optimumleaf spring width decreases hyperbolically and the thickness increases linearly from thespring eyes towards the axle seat. Compared to the steel leaf spring, the optimiziedcomposite spring has stresses that are much lower and spring weight without eye unnitsnearly 80% lower.
 
Introduction Chapter 11
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
Leaf spring is made of steel that is mounted on the front and rear axle of a car. Theleaf spring absorbs the load acting on the vehicle. In steel leaf spring the weight iscomparatively more. Composite materials are now used extensively in the automotiveindustry to take place of metal parts. In the present trends the weight reduction has been themain focus of automobile manufacturers.Less fuel consumption, less weight, effective utilization of natural resources is mainfocus of automobile manufacturers in the present scenario. The above can be achieved byintroducing better design concept, better material and effective manufacturing process.Steel leaf springs have many advantages such as good load carrying capacity. Inspite of its advantages, it stays back in low strength to weight ratio. It is reported that weightreduction with adequate improvement of mechanical properties has made composites as aviable replacement material for conventional steel.In this work, the steel leaf spring is replaced with the composite leaf spring made ofglassfiber epoxy resin. The main consideration was given to the optimization of the leafspring geometry. The objective was to obtain a spring with minimum weight that is capableof carrying given static external forces by constraints limiting stresses and displacements.
1.1
 
Requirements of the leaf spring:
It should absorb more load.
It should have good rust resistance.
It should have high strength.
Light in weight.
Easy to manufacture in large quantity.
Low cost.

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