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Rational Numbers

Rational Numbers

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08/15/2012

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RATIONAL NUMBERS
Rational Numbers between Two Rational Numbers
Rational number
is a number that is expressed in the form p/q, where p and q are
Integers
and q not equal to zero. There are infinitely many
Rational Numbers
betweenany two
Rational Numbers
.
Properties of Ratioanl Numbers
Closure Properties Of Rational Numbers
If
a
and
b
are any two rational numbers and
a
+
b
=
c
, then
c
will always be arational number.If a and b are any two rational numbers and a − b = c, then c will always be arational numberIf
a
and
b
are any two rational numbers, then
a
×
b
=
c
, then
c
will always be arational number
Rational numbers are not closed under division
since division of a rational numberby zero is not defined.
Thus
Rational numbers are closed under addition, subtraction and multiplication.
Rational numbers are not closed under division.
Commutative And Associative Properties Of RationalNumbers
If
a
and
b
are any two rational numbers, then
a
+
b
=
b
+
a
If
a
,
b,
and
c
are any three rational numbers, then
a
+ (
b
+
c
) = (
a
+
b
) +
c
If
a
,
b
and
c
are any three rational numbers, then(i)
a
×
b
=
b
×
a
(commutative property)(ii)
a
× (
b
×
c
) = (
a
×
b
) ×
c
(associative property)
Thus
Rational numbers are commutative under addition and multiplication.
Rational numbers are not commutative under subtraction and division.
Rational numbers are associative under addition and multiplication.

Rational numbers are not associative under subtraction and division.
Distributive Property For Rational Numbers
If
x, y
and
are any three rational numbers, then
×
(y
+
z)
=
(x
×
y)
+
(x
×
z)
If
x
,
y,
and
z
are any three rational numbers, then
x
× (
y
–
z
) = (
x
×
y
) – (
x
×
z
)
Additive and Multiplicative Inverse of Rational Numbers
Additive inverse and multiplicative inverse are defined as:If the sum of two rational numbers is 0, then the two rational numbers are said to beadditive inverse or negative of each other”.If the multiplication of two numbers gives the result as 1, then the two numbers arecalled reciprocal or multiplicative inverse of each other”.
Solved Questions
Example 1:Fill in the blanks using commutative and associative properties of rationalnumbers.i.ii.iii.iv.Solution:i.Rational numbers are commutative under addition.

ii.Rational numbers are commutative under multiplication.iii.Rational numbers are associative under addition.iv.Rational numbers are associative under multiplication.Example 2:Find the value of the following expressions using properties of rational numbers.i.ii.Solution:i.ii.