decisive impulse toward the elaboration of dynamic psychiatry, even though it would be acentury before the findings of his disciples wereto he integrated into the official corpus of neuropsychiatry by Charcot and hiscontemporaries.
Gassner and Mesmer
In the first months of 1775, crowds of people,rich and poor, noblemen and peasants, includingamong them patients of all kinds, swarmed tothe small town of Ellwangen, in Wurttemberg,to see Father Johann Joseph Gassner, one of themost famous healers of all time. He exorcized patients in the presence of Catholic andProtestant church authorities, physicians,noblemen of all ranks, members of the bourgeoisie, and sceptics as well as believers.His every word and gesture and those of his patients were recorded by a notary public, andthe official records were signed by thedistinguished eyewitnesses. Gassner himself was a modest country priest; but once he haddonned his ceremonial garments, had taken hisseat, and had the patient kneeling before him,astonishing things would take place. Numerouscollections of official records have survived, aswell as accounts given by eyewitnesses. Among