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Exploring the Millennial Maze

Exploring the Millennial Maze

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Published by David Salazar
Exploring the Millennial Maze
Robert Thomas
Professor of New Testament, The Master’s Seminary
Definition of “millennium” in Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th edition:
“the thousand years mentioned in Revelation 20 during which holiness is to prevail and Christ is
to reign on earth.”
Definition of the same from Webster's New World College Dictionary, 4th edition:
“the millennium [sometimes M-] Christian Theol. the period of 1,000 years during which Christ
will reign on earth: Rev 20:1-5.”
Otherwise known as “the chiliad.”
The Millennium is also a kingdom over which Christ rules with those seated on thrones (Rev 20:4).
Exploring the Millennial Maze
Robert Thomas
Professor of New Testament, The Master’s Seminary
Definition of “millennium” in Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th edition:
“the thousand years mentioned in Revelation 20 during which holiness is to prevail and Christ is
to reign on earth.”
Definition of the same from Webster's New World College Dictionary, 4th edition:
“the millennium [sometimes M-] Christian Theol. the period of 1,000 years during which Christ
will reign on earth: Rev 20:1-5.”
Otherwise known as “the chiliad.”
The Millennium is also a kingdom over which Christ rules with those seated on thrones (Rev 20:4).

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Published by: David Salazar on Jan 14, 2009
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Exploring the Millennial Maze
Robert Thomas
 Professor of New Testament, The Master’s Seminary
Definition of “millennium” in
Webster's Collegiate Dictionary
, 10th edition:“the thousand years mentioned in Revelation 20 during which holiness is to prevail and Christ isto reign on earth.”Definition of the same from
Webster's New World College Dictionary
, 4th edition:
the millennium
[
 sometimes
 
M-
]
Christian Theol 
. the period of 1,000 years during which Christwill reign on earth: Rev 20:1-5.”Otherwise known as “the chiliad.”The Millennium is also a kingdom over which Christ rules with those seated on thrones (Rev 20:4).An awareness of the structure of Revelation 4:1–22:5 is important in discussing the millennial issue. Thesection follows a telescopic or dovetail progression of numbered series.
Seven Seals (consecutive)
 1PeacefulConquest2Warfare3Famine4Death to1/4 of Earth5VengeanceInvoked6CosmicUpheavals& Fear 7SevenTrumpets
Seven Trumpets (consecutive)
 11/3vegetation burned21/3 seawater into blood31/3 freshwater bitter 41/3 heavenly bodies dark 5locust stingfive months61/3 of  peoplekilled7SevenBowls(Vials)
Seven Bowls (Vials) (cumulative)
 1malignantsores2sea into blood3fresh water  blood4menscorched5darkness6gatheringfor battle7Babylon judged
 
 2
(eightscenes)Just as the seventh member of each series has expanded contents, the contents of the seventh bowlconsists of eight scenes that are unnumbered.
Eight Scenes
 
begun by “and I saw” (consecutive)
 (1)SecondComing of Christ(19:11-16)(2)Summonsof the birds to ahumanfeast(19:17-18)(3)Slaughter of Christ'shumanopponents(19:19-21)(4)Satan'simprison-ment(20:1-3)(5)Satan'sreleaseand finaldefeat(20:4-10)(6)Setting of the GreatWhiteThrone(20:11)(7)Sentenc-ing to thelake of fire(20:12-15)(8)Sketch of the newJerusalem(21:1-8)With this structural feature in mind, we can now look at four aspects of the Millennium: its time, its place,its nature, and its duration.
1. The time of the millennial kingdom: Future
 At least five distinct reasons demonstrate the futurity of the millennial kingdom:(1) Its place in the context of 19:11 to 21:8. The 8 scenes
must 
be chronologically sequential. TheMillennium must follow the second coming of Christ because the rest of the 8 are sequential. See 8-scenes chart above.(2) Its place as part of the seven
last 
plagues. The binding of Satan during the Millennium is an
 
element of the last of the seven
last 
plagues in which the wrath of God is
 finished 
(15:1) seven
last 
  plagues being another name for the seven bowl judgments so the Millennium must be future.(3) Satan’s casting into the lake of fire comes 1000 years after the beast and false prophet arethrown into the same lake (19:20; 20:7, 10). The beast and the false prophet meet their fate inconjunction with the second coming of Christ. At the end of the Millennium, Satan meets his amillennium later than the second coming of Christ.(4) Two bodily resurrections in Rev 20:4-5 are separated by the Millennium. The former is theresurrection of the martyrs at the end of Daniel's seventieth week. The latter group are those raised for the Great White Throne judgment. The identical form of the same Greek verb depicts eachresurrection. Since all bodily resurrections are future, the Millennium must be also.
 
 3
 (5) Assigning the Millennium to the future has the support of the rest of Revelation. The kingdomis future in Rev 1:9 [I, John, your brother and fellow partaker in the tribulation and kingdom and perseverance
which are
in Jesus, was on the island called Patmos, because of the word of God and thetestimony of Jesus.]; 2:26-27 [And he who overcomes, and he who keeps My deeds until the end,
TO
 him I will give authority over the
 NATIONS; AND HE SHALL RULE THEM WITH A ROD OF IRON, AS THE VESSELS OFTHE POTTER ARE BROKEN TO PIECES
, as I also have received
authority
from My Father]; 3:21 [He whoovercomes, I will grant to him to sit down with Me on My throne, as I also overcame and sat down withMy Father on His throne.]; 5:10 [“And Thou hast made them
to be
a kingdom and priests to our God;and they will reign upon the earth.”]. To be consistent with the context of the whole book, themillennial kingdom in Revelation 20 must be future.
2. The place of the millennial kingdom: on the earth as we know it
 (1) The earth is the scene of the seventh bowl judgment, the 4
th
and 5
th
scenes of which include theMillennium. See 8-scenes chart above.(2) The earth will be where Satan will deceive the nations (20:3, 8) and focus his special wrath just before Christ’s return (12:9; 20:1).(3) The promise to Thyatiran overcomers is to rule over the nations (2:26-27). Nations are onearth, not in heaven.(4) The promise to the Laodicean overcomer is to occupy David’s throne with Christ (3:21). Thatthrone is an earthly throne.(5) Rev 5:10 specifically promises that those redeemed through Christ’s blood “will reign
onearth
” (emphasis added).(6) The anticipatory song of Rev 11:15-18 makes it clear that Christ’s rule will be over thekingdoms of this world and the nations who inhabit planet earth.(7) The battle that sets the stage for the kingdom occurs on earth (16:12, 14; 19:17-21).

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