3Center or American Progress | Paid Family and Medical Leave
job or make he shi rom ull- o par-ime work in order o provide ongoing care oan elderly, ailing paren.
When men are he workers providing amily care, however,heir working hours decrease as well.
Raher han orcing workers o reduce heirhours (i ha is even possible wih heir employer) or leave heir job alogeher, paidamily and medical leave would enable hese workers o provide care or hose in need while sill allowing hem o reurn o work once hey were able.
By 2050 up to 20.2 percent of the American population is projected to be over theage of 65.
A presen, nearly 20 percen o hose over he age o 65 need help wih he basic aciviies o daily living, and he majoriy o elderly people wih disabiliies livein he communiy, no nursing homes or oher care aciliies.
While boh men and women see a reducion in heir paid work hours when providing unpaid elder care, heefec is sronger or women.
Paid amily and medical leave would allow workers oprovide he care heir elderly parens need, wihou having o sacrice heir livelihoods.
National data consistently show that access to any form of parental leave, paid orunpaid, makes women more likely to return to work after giving birth.
Among new mohers who worked while pregnan and were able o ake paid leave, 9 in 10 (87.4percen) reurned o work wihin one year aer giving birh. In conras, among new mohers who had o qui heir jobs, jus less han hal (48.2 percen) reurned o work wihin a year, and among new mohers who were le go, more han hal (55.7 percen)reurned o work wihin a year.
On op o hese benes, mohers who were able oake paid leave aer he birh o heir rs child also have presen-day wages, up o 16 years aer hey had heir child, ha are 9 percen higher han oher mohers, even aerconrolling or personal and job-relaed variables.
Workers who experience a temporary disability, serious illness, or injury also benefitfrom the ability to take paid time away from work to recover.
In he absence o paidleave, workers may need o reurn o work earlier han is medically advisable oreconomic reasons. Tis can increase he likelihood o relapsing and, depending onhe naure o he work, may pu he worker or ohers in danger. Access o paid imeof is associaed wih workers recovering more quickly and compleely.
In 2001, 25percen o dual-income couples and 13 percen o single-paren amilies who led or bankrupcy did so aer having o miss wo or more weeks o work due o illness, orhe illness o a amily member.
When paid leave is offered, men are much more likely to take it.
Women currenly provide he majoriy o unpaid caregiving wihin he home— wheher i is or a childor or an elderly paren.
Because abou 10 percen o he gender wage gap is due odiferences in he work hisories o men and women, encouraging men o ake amily leave would help reduce he sigma around leave aking, and is an imporan compo-nen o reducing he gender wage gap.