3Center or American Progress | Outlining a Diplomatic Strategy or Aghanistan’s Political Transition
Important building blocks: the Strategic Partnership Agreement, NATO’sChicago summit and the Tokyo conference
While much has been done so ar in 2012 o lay he oundaion or success in 2014, heinernaional communiy and he governmen o Aghanisan will sill ace serious chal-lenges over he nex wo years as Aghanisan ransiions o greaer sel-reliance. TeU.S.-Aghanisan Sraegic Parnership Agreemen provides a criical oundaion or U.Sengagemen in Aghanisan beyond 2014 by clariying he wo counries’ muual goals. TeSraegic Parnership Agreemen oulines commimens across he broad range o U.S.- Aghan engagemen, mos noably on securiy, in addiion o addressing issues o social andeconomic developmen, governance, and democracy. Many o hese commimens wereechoed by he NAO alliance as a whole during is summi held his pas May in Chicago.Following up on he Chicago Summi, world leaders gahered on July 8 in okyo omake nancial pledges o suppor Aghanisan’s ransiion o economic and poliicalsel-reliance. Inernaional donors responded o Aghanisan’s need or nancial assis-ance by pledging $16 billion o he counry hrough 2015. Troughou he erm o he pledge, up o 20 percen o he assisance could be provided hrough programs harequire he governmen o Aghanisan o mee cerain benchmarks o reduce corrup-ion and increase ransparency. Te pledge was accompanied by he adopion o heokyo Muual Accounabiliy Framework, which requires he monioring o he Aghangovernmen’s perormance in ve major areas.1. Represenaional democracy and equiable elecions2. Governance, rule o law, and human righs3. Inegriy o public nance and commercial banking4. Governmen revenues, budge execuion, and subnaional governance5. Inclusive and susained growh and developmenProgress in hese ve areas will be moniored hrough he exising Join Coordinaionand Monioring Body, a join Aghan-U.N. coordinaion body originally esablished omonior implemenaion o Aghanisan’s Naional Developmen Sraegy.Like he Sraegic Parnership Agreemen, he okyo ramework provides an impor-an oundaion or coninued inernaional assisance hroughou Aghanisan’sransiion o sel-reliance. Te inernaional communiy deserves recogniion oresablishing long-called-or condiions on assisance and discree benchmarks andindicaors by which o monior Aghanisan’s progress oward meeing is commi-mens. Te challenge now lies in implemening hese pledges and building hem inoa larger poliical sraegy. Weaknesses in Aghanisan’s poliical sysem have hamperedreconciliaion eors and pose a serious hrea o long-erm sabiliy as he counry prepares or he wihdrawal o inernaional orces.