A nuclear weapon (sometimes called a nuclear bomb) is a type of weapon of mass destruction and an explosive device that derives its destructive forcefrom nuclear reactions (either fission or a combination of fission and fusion).Both reactions release vast quantities of energy from relatively smallamounts of matter. A modern thermonuclear weapon weighing little morethan a thousand kilograms can produce an explosion comparable to thedetonation of more than a billion kilograms of conventional high explosive.Even small nuclear devices with yields equivalent to several thousand tons of TNT can devastate a city. Nuclear weapons are considered weapons of massdestruction, and their use and control has been a major aspect of international policy since their debut in Nagasaki and Hiroshima.Since the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings, nuclear weapons have beendetonated on over two thousand occasions for testing and demonstrationpurposes. The only countries known to have detonated nuclear weapons –and that acknowledge possessing such weapons – are (chronologically) theUnited States, the Soviet Union (succeeded as a nuclear power by Russia),the United Kingdom, France, the People's Republic of China, India, Pakistan,and North Korea. Israel is also widely believed to possess nuclear weapons,though it does not acknowledge having them. For more information on thesestates' nuclear programs, as well as other states that formerly possessednuclear weapons or are suspected of seeking nuclear weapons, see List of states with nuclear weapons.
TYPES OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS
There are two basic types of nuclear weapons: fission bombs, or atomicbombs (A-bombs), and fusion bombs, or hydrogen bombs (H-bombs).
1.Fission bomb or atomic/atom bomb (A-bomb)
The first basic type of nuclear weapon produces explosive energy throughnuclear fission reactions alone. These weapons are called fission bombs. They have also been called atomic/atom bombs (or A-bombs) since their firstuse, though their energy comes specifically from the nucleus of the atom.
2.Fusion bomb, hydrogen bomb (H-bomb), or thermonuclearweapon/bomb
The second basic type of nuclear weapon produces a large amount of energythrough nuclear fusion reactions. These weapons are called fusion bombs orthermonuclear weapons/bombs. Historically, they have also been called