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TRAPWIRE - General Description

TRAPWIRE - General Description

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Published by Impello_Tyrannis
PURPOSE

The purpose of this paper is to advance the concept of TrapWire and training asenhancements to multi-agency counterterrorism programs designed to facilitate the earlyidentification, interdiction and prevention of potential terrorist attacks directed against criticalinfrastructure and citizens.

BACKGROUND

Most critical infrastructure protection programs today, supported by significantinvestment, focus on improving perimeter security, access control, and incident response. It is thecontention of this paper, however, that we may be able to achieve better results, and do so morecost effectively, by shifting our focus to attack prevention.
PURPOSE

The purpose of this paper is to advance the concept of TrapWire and training asenhancements to multi-agency counterterrorism programs designed to facilitate the earlyidentification, interdiction and prevention of potential terrorist attacks directed against criticalinfrastructure and citizens.

BACKGROUND

Most critical infrastructure protection programs today, supported by significantinvestment, focus on improving perimeter security, access control, and incident response. It is thecontention of this paper, however, that we may be able to achieve better results, and do so morecost effectively, by shifting our focus to attack prevention.

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Published by: Impello_Tyrannis on Aug 17, 2012
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TrapWire
General Description
Abraxas ApplicationsDecember, 2007
PURPOSE
The purpose of this paper is to advance the concept of TrapWire and training asenhancements to multi-agency counterterrorism programs designed to facilitate the earlyidentification, interdiction and prevention of potential terrorist attacks directed against criticalinfrastructure and citizens.
BACKGROUND
Most critical infrastructure protection programs today, supported by significantinvestment, focus on improving perimeter security, access control, and incident response. It is thecontention of this paper, however, that we may be able to achieve better results, and do so morecost effectively, by shifting our focus to attack prevention.The National Counterterrorism Center Report on Terrorist Incidents indicated there wereapproximately 14,000 terrorist attacks in 2006 resulting in 20,000 deaths in various countriesaround the world. Abraxas Applications | 1875 Campus Commons Drive | Suite 301 | Reston, VA 20191 | Main:703-462-5800 Proprietary
 
 KHOBAR TOWERS(19 killed
 –
372 wounded) At the end of FY2007, the Department of Homeland Security, under the Homeland Security GrantProgram, had invested approximately $23 billion in local planning, organization, equipment,training, and exercises for state and local governments since 9/11. These grants were intended to
“enhance the ability of states, territories, and urban areas to prevent, protect against, respond to
and recover from terrorist attacks and other disas-
ters”. The vast majority of this money has been
spent in support of emergency first responder communities and in defending critical infrastructureby strengthening access and perimeter security measures. Billions more has been invested bythe private sector. History has demonstrated, however, that physical security enhance-ments,while prudent in serving to diminish the affect of an attack, do not prevent attacks from occurringand significant loss of life and critical infrastructure dam-age still occur. A security audit at Khobar Towers, for example, resulted in the implementation of more than 130 physical securityimprovements in the months that preceded the attack. Some of the perimeter improvementsdiminished the impact, but the results were still devastating. There are, of course, many other examples of successful terrorist atta
cks against “hardened” targets. Additionally, it is difficult todefend “soft” targets such as exist in crowded
transit facilities with a physical securityenhancement strategy.
 
 
While attack impact mitigation measures are prudent,
attack prevention must be the goal! 
 
The use of suicide bombers and large vehicle-borne explosives provide determined terrorists withsignificant advantages. Even when facility defenders see these types of attacks coming, as has often beenthe case, experience has tragically demonstrated that it is then too late to take preventive measures. On theday of the attack, all of the advantage resides with the terrorist. To defeat terrorism, we must intercedewhen they are most vulnerable
 – 
during the pre-attack information gathering and planning process.
TRAPWIRE
TrapWire is a unique, predictive software system designed to detect patterns of pre-attacksurveillance. As such, TrapWire represents the basis for a paradigm shift in the methodologiestraditionally applied to securing critical infrastructure and personnel; a paradigm shift from thecurrently accepted and widely adopted philosophy of damage mitigation through increasedphysical security to a new and proactive approach of attack prevention through the identificationand disruption of pre-attack planning and surveillance activities. While terrorists have developedingenious methods of attack, and have proven to be extraordinarily patient, every major attackhas and will continue to require extensive pre-attack site surveillance. This type of surveillancenecessitates multiple site visits over what can be prolonged periods of time. Following the Khobar Towers incident, the Downing Commission report revealed that pre-attack surveillance of thefacility was conducted by a three-person team that had visited the barracks on forty (40)occasions over an eighteen (18) to twenty-one (21) month period of time. Employing standardmethodology, this same team conducted similar surveillance against other US targets in theregion as did Dhiren Barot when he cased and produced detailed dossiers on the PrudentialFinancial Center in New Jersey, Citigroup Headquarters and the New York Stock Exchange inNew York, and the IMF and World Bank facilities in Washington, DC.

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