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Ayutthaya, Thailand

Ayutthaya, Thailand

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Published by M.G. Edwards
A travelogue with photos about Ayutthaya, Thailand, the former capital of Thailand during the Ayutthaya Kingdom period (1350-1767).
A travelogue with photos about Ayutthaya, Thailand, the former capital of Thailand during the Ayutthaya Kingdom period (1350-1767).

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Published by: M.G. Edwards on Aug 18, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/13/2014

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© 2012 Brilliance Press. All rights reserved.
-1-
A
YUTTHAYA
,
 
T
HAILAND
 M.G.
 
E
DWARDS
 
This is the first in a five-part series about Ayutthaya, Thailand and the  Ayutthaya Historical Park  ,a UNESCO World Heritage Site.This article gives an overview of the City of   Ayutthaya and its history. The others will feature four of its most important sites: Wat Chaiwatthanaram; Wat Phu Khao Thong; Wat Mahathat; and Wat Yai Chai Mongkon. They should give you a taste of what this amazing place has to offer.
 In August 2012, I visitedAyutthaya, the site of the formercapital of Thailand (also called
Siam
or
Krung Tai
) during theAyutthaya Kingdom period.Established in 1350, the capital atits height in 1605 ruled an area thatincluded Thailand, Cambodia,Laos, and parts of Burma(Myanmar) and China. The city wasdestroyed in April 1767 after a 14-month siege by Burmese invaders.Most of its buildings were reducedto rubble and its treasures looted or destroyed. The threat of a Chinese invasion at homeforced the Burmese army to retreat a few months later, leaving Thailand decimated untilthe country reunified in December 1767 and a new capital was established in Bangkok   (then-Thonburi). In 1991, UNESCO namedAyutthaya a World Heritage Siteand designated 15 sites in the cityof significant historical value.These included WatRatchaburana; Wat Mahathat;Wat Phra Sri Sanphet; Wat PhraRam; Wat Lokayasutha; WiharnPhra Mongkhon Bopit; WatLokayasutha; Wat Yai ChaiMongkon; Phra ChediSuriyothai; Wat Phanan Choeng;Wat Chaiwatthanaram;Ayutthaya Historical StudyCentre; Japanese Settlement; Wat Phu Khao Thong; and the Elephant Camp (Kraal).Most are located on or around an island in the city center surrounded by the Chao PhrayaRiver. 
 
© 2012 Brilliance Press. All rights reserved.
-2-
Some sites have partially restored temple ruins, such as the gorgeous WatChaiwatthanaram. Wat Mahathat,a former Buddhist monastery and one of the largest sites in Ayutthaya
Historical Park, is well known for the stone Buddha’s head stuck in a banyan tree on the
grounds. Experts believe that the artifact was either abandoned by thieves or fell from astatue after the temple was destroyed.

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