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Fabric Defects

Fabric Defects

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Published by selvapdm
Fabric defects and asses ment
Fabric defects and asses ment

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Published by: selvapdm on Aug 18, 2012
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12/04/2012

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1
Foreword
Textile manufacturing process consists of the sub processes of Spinning, Weaving,Dyeing, Chemical processing. Faults visible in fabric can be back traced to either of these processes. Hence fabric defects have been categorized as spinning, weaving, dyeing & processing faults and also mending faults arising due to mistakes in the fault removal or mending process.The following treatise describes each fault along with possible causes of generation withvisual aids wherever possible.Efforts have been made to cover various fabric faults along with remedial action & fabricswatches.Iam deeply indebted to Shri V.K. Gupta, Works Director, Raymond Ltd, Jalgaon. andShri S K Singhal , President-Textiles, Raymond Ltd., Textiles Division for their valuableand kind support for making this effort successful.Last but not the least I am thankful to my dear colleagues and friends for their fruitful andinnovative inputs and also my family members
.
7
th
April,2006
 R.S. Tomar 
(B.Text. , DBM, FIE, C.Eng., FTA) 
 Head of the Department (Quality Assurance)
 Raymond Limited, Jalgaon, Maharashtra
 
 
2
SPINNING DEFECTS
Defects DescriptionBULLETS :
Zero twisted or low twisted Double Yarn.
BOTTOMS :
Yarn left over on the surface of the cop or cheeseafter winding.
CORK SCREW :
One yarn is straight and other one is twisted on it.
COUNT VARIATION :
There is difference in count compared to requiredcount.
3/4 FOLD YARN :
Yarn containing 3 or 4 fold yarn.
GRIANDRILLE BAR :
Use of wrong component in double yarn.
NEPS :
Pinhead structure like fibre mass.
SLUBS :
 Abnormal thick places over a short length.
SPUN IN LINT :
 Accumulated fly twisted with the yarn.
THICK END :
Diameter is more than the normal yarn.
THICK PICK :
Diameter is more than the normal yarn.
TWIST VARIATION :
Less Twist or more than normal twist.
 YARN MIXING :
Mix up of different colour, count; twist direction,blend and shade.
KNOTS :
Joint of broken thread.
OILY YARN :
Oil stained yarn.
BAD SPLICING :
Improper knot less joint.
 
3
Spinning faults:
Bullets:
Bullets are low twisted double yarn seen weft wise in fabrics. Those are generally zerotwisted parallel yarns. Practical causes of faults are,1)
 
Proper functioning of bunch motion is not there.2)
 
Incorrect yarn path through spindle.3)
 
Loose tensioners.4)
 
Capsule and spring working.5)
 
In-sufficient length of yarn as bunch.6)
 
Knot is not applied after removing the Bunch yarn.
Twist variation:
Twist less or more than normal twist.
Loose/Soft twist-due to lower spindle speed cause are:
1)
 
Speed not proper of each spindle2)
 
Bearings.3)
 
Break shoe conditions.4)
 
Pressure of tension roller.5)
 
Bolster.6)
 
Yarn lapping over spindle
Hard twist -due to low take-up speed

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