study to decide whether you should or shouldn’t build a mine there. In thesestudies, you look at how much profit is going to be lost/gained in the long run,and how economically and environmentally feasible it would be to build the mine.6.Mine Construction: This step is physically making the mine. You have to make itso there is access to an ore body. There are many different types of mines,including hard rock mines, in which you make tunnels and shafts going into rock to retrieve an ore, open-pit mines, which are used when the desired minerals aregenerally located near the top of the earth, underground coal mines, which aremines that go underground to a coal seam, borehole mining, in which holes aredrilled into the ground in order to retrieve minerals, copper mines, gold mines,deepsea mines, mountaintop removal mining, etc.7.Mining: This step is the actual excavation of minerals from the ground. This isachieved in many different ways, depending on what type of mine it is and whatyou want to take out of the ground.8.Ecological Rebuilding: The reclamation of the mine site to make the land suitablefor usage in the future. This means returning the land as much as you can to itsformer self, after all the mining is done. The land becomes degraded after it ismined, so it is important to restore it as much as possible.
The problem of the issue is the impact of mining on the environment vs. thenecessity of the minerals mined.Mining is very harsh on the environment. To justify just how bad some mining is,think about the fact that producing a single gold ring generates 20 tons of mine waste.And where does that waste go? Into the water, air, land, animals, and even into us.However, mining is a bare necessity. It gives us access to necessary minerals andmaterial that we use constantly. This creates many issues, with the mining companieswanting to go forward with plans for mines, and some people strongly opposing it.Mining gives jobs and makes money, as well as giving us all the materials we need, so itis very good in that sense. It is very bad on the environmental side, though. We willdescribe later on just how bad mining is for the environment, and we will go into detailabout the necessity of mining.
Key playersMining Supporters:
Includes mine employees, mining companies, investors, mininglobbyists, civilians in favour of mining, and politicians in favour of using the “currentmethods of mining”.Mining Companies: Mining companies support the current methods of mining for obvious reasons. Mining is how they turn a profit. They believe that the benefits of