PRETREATMENT PROCESS OF COTTON FABRIC:
1-Inspection of grey fabric.2-Marking of grey fabric.3-Stitching.4-Shearing / Cropping.5-Singeing.6-Desizing (only for woven fabric)7-Scouring.8-Bleaching.All process discuss in detailed one by one.
1-INSPECTION OF GREY FABRIC:
After receiving the cloth from grey godown, it should be thoroughlychecked and inspected before subjecting it to wet processing. The cloth isexamined for the following:
Oil, rust, stains, holes, damage selvedge and weaving faults likefloats and read marks etc.
Width, length, yarn count, ends and picks per inch and fabriccomposition.
2-MARKING OF GREY FABRIC:
Before carrying out any process, marks are made on the material foridentification. For marking special inks are used capable of resisting allsubsequent treatment which the material may have to go undergo.
Small pieces of fabric are stitched together so as to form acontinuous length, which is workable in the subsequent processes. Thestitching must be very secure so that the fabric may run smoothly onvarious machines.
4-SHEARING / CROPPING:
Removal of fibres, tufts and loose threads from the surface ofmaterial by cutting them with blades on shearing or cropping machines. Thisprocess is carried out in open width. In this process tufts are not removedas closed as by singeing.
Singeing is the process in which protruding fibres present on thesurface of the fabric are removed. In order to achieve the smooth surfacewhich facilitate printing.
Desizing is the process in which size material is removed.
Scouring is the process in which natural as well as artificialimpurities are removed.