uniform throughout the individual features. Examples of vector layers include bus stops (point), roads (line), andcounties (polygon).Transactional systems are not designed to support thedecisional processes, new types of systems have beendeveloped to specifically fulfill decisional needs; they arecalled “Analytical Systems” and are known on the marketas “Business Intelligence” (BI) solutions. In the BI world,data warehouses are based on data structures called“multidimensional”. The term “multidimensional” wascoined in the mid-1980s by the community of computerscientists who were involved in the extraction of meaningful information from very large statisticaldatabases (ex. national census). The most widely used BIsolutions are OLAP (On-Line Analytical Processing)systems, which provide a unique capability to interactivelyexplore the data warehouse. OLAP technology is based onthe multidimensional database approach, which introducesconcepts that differ from the concepts found in thetransactional database approach. The key multidimensionalconcepts include: dimensions, members, measures, factsand data cubes . A cube is a multidimensional structurethat contains dimensions and measures. Dimensions definethe structure of the cube, and measures provide thenumerical values of interest to the end user.OLAP systems are expected to :
Provide ad hoc access.
Support the complex analysis requirements of decision-makers.
Analyze the data from a number of differentperspectives (business dimensions).
Support complex analyses against large input(atomic-level) datasets.In order to improve the efficiency and response time of theData Warehouse, the preferred structure is the Star Schema.Star Schemas a database structure in which data ismaintained in a single fact table located at the center of theschema with additional dimension data stored indimensional tables, with all hierarchies collapsed.Decision makers have turned to analysts and analyticalmodeling techniques to enhance their decision makingcapabilities. Spatial decision support systems (SDSS) areexplicitly designed to support a decision research processfor complex spatial problems. SDSS provide a framework for integrating database management systems withanalytical models, graphical display and tabular reportingcapabilities, and the export knowledge of decision makers.Such systems can be viewed as spatial analogues of decision support systems (DSS) developed in operationalresearch and management science to address businessproblems .What really makes the difference between a SDSS (SpatialDecision Support System) and a traditional DSS (DecisionSupport System) is the particular nature of the geographicdata considered in different spatial problems. In addition,traditional DSSs are devoted almost only to solvestructured and simple problems which make them nonpracticable for complex spatial problems . SDSSrequires the addition of a range of specific techniques andfunctionalities used especially to manage spatial data, toconventional DSSs. These additional capacities enable theSDSS to ;•
acquire and manage the spatial data,•
represent the structure of geographical objects andtheir spatial relations,•
diffuse the results of the user queries and SDSSanalysis according to different spatial formsincluding maps, graphs, etc., and to•
Perform an effective spatial analysis by the use of specific techniques.Multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) refers to makingdecisions for alternatives in the presence of multiple andconflicting criteria. A main contribution area of MCDM ismaking preference decision (e.g., evaluation, prioritization,selection) over the available alternatives such as a set of products that are characterized by multiple, usuallyconflicting attributes .
2. Problem Formulation
The Central Laboratory for Agriculture Expert Systems(CLAES) in Egypt hosts the data base of BovineInformation System (BOVIS) project that has more than 2million records represented in 52 tables. In this paper weuse El Sharkeya Governorate as case study. Tablesrelated to cow or buffalo sex, major disease categories,various diseases and disorders that affect them, the breeds,the governorate, directorates and the veterinary units theyare affiliated to were classified for mining. As dataproduction and collection is escalating.The purpose of this paper is to do the following:1.
Building OLAP (Online AnalyticalProcessing) system instead of TPS(Transaction Processing System).2.
Visualizing OLAP output dimensions usingGeographical Information System (GIS).3.
Using GIS Spatial Analysis capabilities.4.
Building Spatial Multiple Criteria DecisionAnalysis for different factors diseases,Climate, Soil pollution and Economicalfactor see Fig (1).
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 10, No. 7, July 201245http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500