After wheat, rice and maize, potato is the most important foodcrop in the world.
It contributes to almost 50% of the total tuber and root cropproduction owing to its good food value as compared to other staple food crops as it is rich in carbohydrates and alsocontain proteins, minerals like calcium and potassium andvitamins like vitamin C.
It is vastly consumed as a vegetable and is also used invarious forms such as starch, flour, alcohol, dextrin andlivestock fodder.
In addition, a potato field produces more energy per hecttareper day than any other crop.
Potato is a crop that doesn’t require complex processes to be
cultivated. This crop is a long lasting crop though it iscultivated as an annual crop.