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Drilling Rig Selection - Guidelines

Drilling Rig Selection - Guidelines

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Published by: tarang_tushar on Aug 20, 2012
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07/07/2013

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DRILLING RIG SELECTIONGUIDELINES
 
DRILLING RIGS- GeneralSelection of Land drilling rig should be based on planed depth and well construction in the long term drilling activities.More important is to decide area of activity.
Nort Africa, Middle east and partlly Caspian region
: Majority of drilling contracts (activities) are related withdrilling wells depth range 3000 to 4500m (dominantlly deeper then 3900m).
Caspian region:
Still have great activities at depth range up to 3600m.This fact determine drilling rig type selection. If rig is planed to work depth range up to 3600m then is prefferable toselect mobile, telescopic drilling rig rated up to 1000 HP.
Drilling rig name is dictated bu name of Drawworks 
.Rig depth rating is determined by: 
1.
Draworks capacity
2.
Mast capacity
3.
Crown block and travelling block capacity
4.
Drilling line size and pulling forceSome drawworks producer with number part of draworks name denotes year of constructing, other most of them givesrated capacity of draworks.
 
DRILLING RIGS- GeneralSTATIONARY DRILLING RIGS MOBILE DRILLING RIGS
 Advantage:
Stands in the tripple
 –
faster tripping
Porefull equipment
 –
drawwork over 1000 HP, mudpumps over 1000 HP
Uses 5” DP –
at greater depth less pressure losses.
Havy casing string run deeper
 –
Hook loads over 200 t
Diesel electric drive.
Flexible range of RPM and SPM
Substructure higher and drilling floor greater area.
DP length upper limit for range
Better Contractor’s References.
 
Disadvantage:
Greater investmens at start
More days for moving
More truck loads
Longer rigging up
Large surface of well site
More personnel
 –
more experienced and specialist
Havy drilling and handling equipment
More investment for spare part stock 
 
 Advantage:
 
Smaller investment at start
Faster moving
Less truck loads
Less area for well site
Smaller waste pit
Less number of drilling crew
Less sparet parts stock 
Disadvantage:
Stands in the double- slow triping
 
When drill deeper with 4 ½” DP or less, greater pressure drops.
 
Restricted running depth of intermediate casing if wellconstruction is complex due overpressure and lost circulation zones.
Mostly mechanical rigs
 –
high noise level.
Mud pump SPM restricted due drive diesel engine. Required 3liner size
Restricted height bellow rotary table for BOP stack 
Less surface of drilling floor
 –
safety
DP length restricted on bottom length limit.
 
If compare stationaru and mobile drilling rig we can notice following advantage- disadvantages:
 

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