Information Cutoff Date: January 1997
Projectile and Warhead Identiﬁcation Guide—Foreign
This guide is organized into two sections to assist in the positive identiﬁcation of foreignprojectiles and fragments. The technical data contained herein, when coupled with theidentiﬁcation methodology, offer a valuable tool for ﬁeld use and research anddevelopment.Section 1,
Identiﬁcation of Projectiles and Projectile Fragments
, covers the tools andmethodology of fragment identiﬁcation. Marking systems are explained and analyzed,various rotating bands and seats are described, and several illustrations of typical frag-ments are depicted. Measuring tools to assist in identiﬁcation also are described.Section 2,
Projectile Data and Drawings
, consists primarily of munitions illustrations(ﬁgures 8 through 387). The projectile drawings are based on actual exploitation of hard-ware and provide critical dimensions. Where drawings were not available, munitions arerepresented by pictures. Illustrations are complemented with technical data, such as modeldesignation, type, weight, fuzing, bursting charge, and using weapon.The scale drawings are extracted from arsenal examination and testing of acquired projec-tiles and are reliable. Virtually none of the dimensional data in the drawings is derivedfrom other sources. Data on the pictured pages are derived from other sources. All weightsare nominal and vary slightly from projectile to projectile. Markings (e.g., model designa-tions, explosive ﬁller compositions, and production data) were obtained from hardwareexploitation, whenever possible, or from pictures of the actual munitions.There are information gaps in this guide. In the case of older hardware, minor gaps existon projectiles that were either lost through destructive testing or were not examined thor-oughly enough for the purposes of this product and are no longer available forexamination.