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Deep-Shale Gas Drilling: Concerns for farmers and rural communities

Deep-Shale Gas Drilling: Concerns for farmers and rural communities

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Published by FloramariaSmith
Deep-Shale Gas Drilling: Concerns for farmers and rural communities
Deep-Shale Gas Drilling: Concerns for farmers and rural communities

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Published by: FloramariaSmith on Aug 21, 2012
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08/21/2012

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Deep-Shale GasDrilling
Concerns for farmers andrural communities
Joe LoganDirector of Agricultural PolicyOhio Environmental Council(DATE 2011)
 
Gas drilling in deep shale = unconventional
Water, sand, and chemicals are injected at highpressure to release trapped gas.Well casing cemented into place to protect aquifersand other and other geologic zones.After drilling vertically to the depth that reachesslightly above the shale, the drill bit is turnedhorizontally and pushed into the shale a mile ormore.Fractures are created in the targeted area withperforating charges (explosions).Fracturing fluids (sand, water and chemicals) areinjected at high pressure to further crack the rockand release the gas.
 
Developed in the late 1990s, not the 1940s.Really began to be used more extensively after 2005,when exempted from several important provisions of the federal environmental regulations“Slick-water hydraulic fracturing” because it uses adifferent mix of chemicals than the older methods—reducing the amount of gelling agents and addingfriction reducers (thus the term “slick”)The hydraulic fracturing technique to be used in theMarcellus shale is also known as “high volume”hydraulic fracturing (HVHF) because it uses much morefluid than old hydraulic
 
How is high-volume hydrofracturing different?

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