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Newborn Health in the Philippines a Situation Analysis

Newborn Health in the Philippines a Situation Analysis

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Published by Misyel Avelino

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Published by: Misyel Avelino on Aug 21, 2012
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01/15/2013

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Newborn Health in the Philippines
A Situation Analysis
 
Recommended Citation
 Newborn Health in the Philippines: A Situation Analysis. Published by the Basics Supportfor Institutionalizing Child Survival Project (BASICS II) for the United States Agency for International Development. Arlington, Virginia, June 2004.
 
BASICS II
BASICS II is a global child survival project funded by the Office of Health and Nutritionof the Bureau for Global Health of the U.S. Agency for International Development(USAID). BASICS II is conducted by the Partnership for Child Health Care, Inc., under contract no. HRN-C-00-99-00007-00. Partners are the Academy for EducationalDevelopment, John Snow, Inc., and Management Sciences for Health. Subcontractorsinclude Emory University, The Johns Hopkins University, The Manoff Group, Inc., theProgram for Appropriate Technology in Health, Save the Children Federation, Inc., andTSL.
 
This document does not represent the views or opinion of USAID. It may be reproduced if credit is properly given.
 
USAID
U.S. Agency for International DevelopmentOffice of Health and NutritionBureau for Global HealthWebsite:
 
BASICS II
1600 Wilson Boulevard, Suite 300Arlington, Virginia 22209 USATel: 703 312 6800Fax: 703 312 6900Email address:
 Website:
 
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
List of tables..........................................................................................................................................ivList of figures........................................................................................................................................ivAcknowledgements................................................................................................................................vAcronyms..............................................................................................................................................viPreface..................................................................................................................................................vii
1. INTRODUCTION
...........................................................................................................................1Why newborns die.............................................................................................................1Other influences on newborn health..................................................................................1
2. THE NATIONAL CONTEXT
.......................................................................................................2The people..........................................................................................................................2Population.......................................................................................................................2Culture and religion........................................................................................................2The economy......................................................................................................................2Health care.........................................................................................................................3
3. THE SURVIVAL AND HEALTH OF INFANTS AND NEWBORNS
......................................3Child and infant mortality..................................................................................................4Contributions to mortality..................................................................................................5 Neonatal morbidity............................................................................................................6Low birth weight infants....................................................................................................6Breastfeeding.....................................................................................................................8The girl child......................................................................................................................9HIV/AIDS..........................................................................................................................9Hepatitis B..........................................................................................................................9Care seeking after delivery and for the newborn infant...................................................10
4. MATERNAL HEALTH
................................................................................................................11Demographic factors........................................................................................................11Maternal mortality............................................................................................................11Maternal nutrition............................................................................................................12Other health conditions....................................................................................................12Care at delivery................................................................................................................13Antenatal and postpartum care.........................................................................................14Traditional practices.........................................................................................................15
5. SERVICES, PROGRAMS AND RESOURCES FOR NEONATAL HEALTH
......................15Government structures and policies for maternal and neonatal health............................15Health service infrastructure............................................................................................17Community interventions.................................................................................................18 Non-governmental and private volunteer organizations..................................................19Educational institutions....................................................................................................20Professional associations..................................................................................................20Partnerships with international and bilateral agencies.....................................................21iii

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