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memo: Constantino Tsallis 教授による非加法的統計力学の講義

memo: Constantino Tsallis 教授による非加法的統計力学の講義

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Published by Fumihiro Chiba
日時: 2012 年 3 月 14 日(水曜日) 13:30- 場所: ソニーコンピュータサイエンス研究所 3F 大会議室
日時: 2012 年 3 月 14 日(水曜日) 13:30- 場所: ソニーコンピュータサイエンス研究所 3F 大会議室

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Published by: Fumihiro Chiba on Aug 21, 2012
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Constantino Tsallis教
2012年3月14日13:30-場所: ソニーコンピュータサイエンス研究所 3F 大会議室地図:
http://www.sonycsl.co.jp/access/ =====================================13:30-15:00Prof. Constantino TsallisDepartment of Theoretical Physics, HeadCentro Brasileiro de Pesquisas FisicasNational Institute of Science and Technology for Complex Systems, HeadWikipedia:
Constantino Tsallis
(Greek: ; b. 1943) is a naturalizedBrazilian physicist  working inRio de Janeiro at CBPF,Brazil.He was born inGreece, and grew up inArgentina, where he studied physics at Instituto Balseiro, in Bariloche. In 1974 he received a
Doctorat d'Etat et Sciences Physiques 
degree from theUniversity of Paris-Orsay. He moved toBrazilin 1975 with his family (his wife and daughter).Tsallis is credited with introducing the notion of what is known asTsallis entropyandTsallis statisticsin his 1988 seminal paper "Possible generalization ofBoltzmann–Gibbs statistics" published in the
Journal of Statistical Physics 
, vol. 52, pp. 479–487. The generalization isconsidered to be one of the most viable and applicable candidates for formulating a theory of non-extensive thermodynamics. The resulting theory is not intended to replace Boltzmann–Gibbs statistics, but rather supplement it, such as in the case of anomalous systems characterised bynon-ergodicityor metastable states.One of the most impressive experimental verifications of the predictions ofq-statisticsconcernscold atoms in dissipative optical lattices. Eric Lutz made an analytical predictionin 2003 which was verified in 2006 bya London team.Tsallis conjectured in 1999 (Brazilian Journal of Physics 29, 1; Figure 4):That a longstanding quasi-stationary state (QSS) was expected in LONG-range interactingHamiltonian systems (one of the core problems of statistical mechanics). This was quicklyverified by many groups around the world.That this QSS should be described by q-statistics instead of Boltzmann–Gibbs statistics. This wasverifed in June 2007 by Pluchino, Rapisarda and Tsallis(in the last figure, instead of the celebrated Maxwellian (Gaussian) distribution of velocities (valid for SHORT-rangeinteractions), one sees a q-Gaussian).These results establish that the q-entropy provides verifiable predictions from first principles as ageneralization of Boltzmann–Gibbs entropy for certain classes of phenomena.
講義:『非加法的統計力学入門』
“Introduction to nonextensive statistical mechanics” (90 minutes)
Tsallisってピー概念に基づいて発展してきており、極低温物理から乱流現象、さらには、経済現象を含む様々な複雑系にも応用されています。また、最近、数理的な解析が大きく進展し、中心極限定理や安定分布の概念を自然に拡張した理論体系になっていることでも注目を集めています。この講演では、なぜエントロピーを非加法的に拡張する必要があるのかという基本的なことから話を始め、予備知識なしで全体像がわかるように提唱者自らが講義します。
This is a lecture talk on nonextensive statistical physics for nonspecialists of statistical physics.
 
After briefly reviewing the basic concepts of the celebratedBoltzmann-Gibbs statistical mechanics,we shall introduce why and how the standard entropy needs to begeneralized into nonadditive forms.We shall also show how the Fourier transform and its inverse, theCentral Limit Theorem,the Levy distributions, and the large-deviation theory areconsistently generalized.References(i) C. Tsallis, ”Introduction to Nonextensive Statistical Mechanics - Approaching aComplex World” (Springer, 2009);(ii)http://tsallis.cat.cbpf.br/biblio.htm15:20-16:20 Prof. Constantino TsallisCBPF (Brazillian Physics Research Center)
『非加法的統計力学の最近の成果』
“Recent topics of nonextensive statistical mechanics” (60 minutes)In this talk we shall briefly review frontier topics ofnonextensive statistical physics.Predictions, verifications and applications for natural, artificialand social systems will be focused on.Topics will include from elementary particles (recent experiments bythe Collaborations CMS,ALICE and ATLAS at LHC/CERN and Collaboration PHENIX at RHIC/ Brookhaven),low temperature phenomena, turbulence to econophysics, medical applications,and nonlinear generalizations of Schroedinger, Klein-Gordon and Dirac equations.References:(i) J. S. Andrade Jr., G.F.T. da Silva, A.A. Moreira, F.D. Nobre andE.M.F. Curado,Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 260601 (2010);
J. S. Andrade, Jr., G. F. T. da Silva, A. A. Moreira, F. D. Nobre, E. M. F. Curado
 
 
Physical ReviewLetters
105
, 260601 (2010)
 
http://www.cbpf.br/GrupPesq/StatisticalPhys/pdftheo/AndradeSilvaMoreiraNobreCurado2010.pdf
 
(ii) F.D. Nobre, M.A. Rego-Monteiro and C. Tsallis,Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 140601(2011);
F. D. Nobre, M. A. Rego-Monteiro, C. Tsallis
 
 
Physical Review Letters
106
(iii) J. Ludescher, C. Tsallis and A. Bunde,Universal behaviour of interoccurrence times between losses in financial markets:An analytical description”,Europhys. Lett. 95, 68002 (2011).
TsallisNonextensive Statistical Mechanics and Thermodynamics
講演で引用した文献で上記からダウンロードできたもの
(
番号は便宜的につけたもので、講演とは関係ない
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Part I: Non-extensive versus Extensive: Introductionto nonextensive statisticalmechanics
; weak chaos, small lyapunov exponent
(?)
, non-
ergodic (?)
(1)
C. Tsallis, M. Gell-Mann, Y. Sato
 
102
 
 
Physical Review E
78
Part II: Central Limit Theorem
(3) S. Umarov, C. Tsallis, M. Gell-Mann, S. Steinberg Generalization of symmetricalpha-stable Lévy distributions for q>1
 
Journal of Mathematical Physics
51
, 033502(2010)
http://www.cbpf.br/GrupPesq/StatisticalPhys/pdftheo/UmarovTsallisGellMannSteinberg2010.pdf (4)
G.L. Ferri, M.F. R. Savio, A. Plastino
 
 
Physica A
389
, 1829-1833 (2010)
S. Umarov, C. Tsallis, S. Steinberg
 
 
Milan Journal of Mathematics
76
, 307–328 (2008)
Part III: Large Deviation Theorem
(6)
R. Hanel, S. Thurner
 

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