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Bezbednost_adresiranja_računara_na_u_okviru_internet_saob

Bezbednost_adresiranja_računara_na_u_okviru_internet_saob

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Published by Marko Jovanovic

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Published by: Marko Jovanovic on Aug 21, 2012
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12/02/2013

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UNIVERZITET U BEOGRADUSAOBRAĆAJNI FAKULTETOdsek za poštanski i telekomunikacioni saobraćajSmer: Telekomunikacioni saobraćaj i mreže
ZAVRŠNI RAD:Bezbednost adresiranja računara u okviruinternet saobraćaja
Mentor: Student:Prof. dr. Andreja Samčović Marko Spasić
 
Beograd, mart 2012.Rezime:
Sistem imenovanja domena (DNS) je jedan od najvećih servisa u poslovanju danas,koji opslužuje veoma raznovrsnu zajednicu
host 
-ova, korisnika i mreža, i koristi jedinstvenukombinaciju hijerarhija, keširanja, i
datagram
pristupa. Međutim, sam sistem nije projektovan da bude bezbedan, što danas predstavlja potencijalno veliku pretnju za bezbednost na mreži, uz pojedince i kriminalne grupe koje iskorišćavaju njegove nedostatke.Ovaj rad izlaže neka važna pitanja koja se odnose na problematiku
bot 
mreža. Učinjen je pokušaj da se ukratko izloži razvojni put ovakvih mreža, kao i trenutno stanje u ovoj oblasti,kako po pitanju ciljeva i motiva tako i po pitanju alata, tehnologije i tehnika koje se danaskoriste. Takođe, ukazuje se i na pretnje i rizike koji se odnose na potencijalne mete i žrtvenapada.
Abstract:
The Domain Name System (DNS) is one of the largest name services in operationtoday, serves a highly diverse community of hosts, users, and networks, and uses a uniquecombination of hierarchies, caching, and datagram access. However, the system itself wasnot designed to be secure, which represents potentially significant threat to online securitytoday, with individuals and criminal groups exploiting the system’s shortcomings. This paper is aimed at bots and botnets related issues. It is an attempt to present a timeline of  botnet evolution, today's state-of-the art botnet technology, attackers' actual motives, goalsand tools of trade, as well as the accompanying threats and risks for potential targets andvictims.
2
 
SADRŽAJ:
Spisak slika................................................................................................4Spisak tabela..............................................................................................4Spisak skraćenica......................................................................................51. UVOD.....................................................................................................72.
 DOMAIN NAME SYSTEM...................................................................
8
2.1 Istorijat problema i rešenja......................................................................................82.2 Struktura DNS-a.....................................................................................................82.3 Struktura DNS podataka........................................................................................132.4 Konfiguracija DNS zona………………………………………………………...14
3. BEZBEDNOSNI PROBLEMI DNS-A..............................................15
3.1 DNS
 spoof 
i lažiranje sadržaja...............................................................................173.2 Napad radi blokiranja servisa (DoS)......................................................................183.3
 Bot 
mreže...............................................................................................................203.3.1 Princip rada
bot 
mreža.....................................................................................213.3.2 Namena
bot 
mreža...........................................................................................233.3.3 Primeri zloupotrebe korišćenjem
bot 
mreža....................................................263.3.4
Storm botnet 
……………………………………………………………….....283.4
 Fast flux
tehnika.....................................................................................................313.4.1
 Phishin
i
pharming 
.........................................................................................313.4.2.
Single-flux
i
double-flux
tehnike.....................................................................333.4.3 Borba protiv
 fast-flux
mreža............................................................................34
4. MEHANIZMI ZA OBEZBEĐENJE DNS-A....................................35
4.1 Funkcionisanje DNSsec-a.....................................................................................364.2 Posledice uvođenja DNSsec-a...............................................................................374.3 Mane DNSsec-a.....................................................................................................37
5. BUDUĆNOST INTERNETA I DNS-A..............................................39
 
5.1 ICANN..................................................................................................................395.2 Alternativni DNS
root 
............................................................................................405.3 Razmere problema……………………………………..........................................415.4 Stanje u domaćem internetu...................................................................................41
6. ZAKLJUČAK.................................................................................43LITERATURA....................................................................................44
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