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2nd_order

2nd_order

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Published by: Prabhat Prakash Verma on Aug 21, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/21/2012

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S. Boyd EE102
Lecture 4Natural response of first and second ordersystems
first order systems
second order systems
real distinct roots
real equal roots
complex roots
harmonic oscillator
stability
decay rate
critical damping
parallel & series RLC circuits
4–1
 
First order systems
ay
+
by
= 0
(with
a
= 0
)righthand side is zero:
called
autonomous system
solution is called
natural 
or
unforced response 
can be expressed as
Ty
+
y
= 0
or
y
+
ry
= 0
where
=
a/b
is a
time 
(units: seconds)
r
=
b/a
= 1
/T 
is a
rate 
(units:
1
/
sec)
Natural response of rst and second order systems 42
 
Solution by Laplace transform
take Laplace transform of 
Ty
+
y
= 0
to get
(
sY 
(
s
)
y
(0)
    
L
(
y
)
) +
(
s
) = 0
solve for
(
s
)
(algebra!)
(
s
) =
Ty
(0)
sT 
+ 1=
y
(0)
s
+ 1
/T 
and so
y
(
t
) =
y
(0)
e
t/T 
Natural response of rst and second order systems 43

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