Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Standard view
Full view
of .
0 of .
Results for:
P. 1
2nd_order

# 2nd_order

Ratings: (0)|Views: 0 |Likes:

### Availability:

See more
See less

08/21/2012

pdf

text

original

S. Boyd EE102
Lecture 4Natural response of ﬁrst and second ordersystems
ﬁrst order systems
second order systems
real distinct roots
real equal roots
complex roots
harmonic oscillator
stability
decay rate
critical damping
parallel & series RLC circuits
4–1

First order systems
ay
+
by
= 0
(with
a
= 0
)righthand side is zero:
called
autonomous system
solution is called
natural
or
unforced response
can be expressed as
Ty
+
y
= 0
or
y
+
ry
= 0
where
=
a/b
is a
time
(units: seconds)
r
=
b/a
= 1
/T
is a
rate
(units:
1
/
sec)
Natural response of rst and second order systems 42

Solution by Laplace transform
take Laplace transform of
Ty
+
y
= 0
to get
(
sY
(
s
)
y
(0)
  
L
(
y
)
) +
(
s
) = 0
solve for
(
s
)
(algebra!)
(
s
) =
Ty
(0)
sT
+ 1=
y
(0)
s
+ 1
/T
and so
y
(
t
) =
y
(0)
e
t/T
Natural response of rst and second order systems 43