Attachment Styles and Enneagram Types: Development and Testing of an Integrated Typologyfor use in Marriage and Family TherapyKristin Bedow ArthurDissertation submitted to the faculty of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityin partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of PhilosophyInHuman DevelopmentDr. Katherine R. Allen, ChairDr. Megan L. Dolbin-MacNabDr. Margaret L. KeelingDr. Fred P. PiercyAugust 29, 2008Blacksburg, VirginiaKeywords: attention, emotional regulation, Experiences in Close Relationships – Revised,relationship satisfaction, spirituality
Attachment Styles and Enneagram Types: Development and Testing of an Integrated Typologyfor use in Marriage and Family TherapyKristin Bedow ArthurABSTRACTThis study developed and tested a new typology for use in Marriage and Family Therapy. Thetypology was created by integrating two already established typologies currently in use in MFT,the attachment style typology and the Enneagram typology. The attachment typology is based onattachment theory, a theory of human development that focuses on how infants and adultsestablish, monitor and repair attachment bonds. Differences in attachment style are associatedwith different kinds of relationship problems. The Enneagram typology categorizes peopleaccording to differences in attention processes. These differences in attention processes are alsoassociated with different kinds of relationship problems, but also with different kinds of spiritualproblems and talents. Support was found for both the internal and external validity of theintegrated typology. The results were discussed in terms of relationship satisfaction andattachment based therapy. Implications for using the integrated typology to address spirituality inMFT were also discussed.
DEDICATIONThis dissertation is dedicated to my beloved attachment teachers:My parents, Bob and Gail,My siblings, Jon, Jamey, and Karen,My husband, Jeff,And my sons,Michael and Christopheriii