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Instructional Games a Framework

Instructional Games a Framework

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Published by: Knowledge Platform on Aug 22, 2012
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What did you learn today? 
I
NSTRUCTIONAL GAMES
:
A FRAMEWORK 
 
P
URNIMA
V
ALIATHAN
/
 
P
UJA
A
NAND
 
H
EAD
I
NSTRUCTIONAL
D
ESIGN
T
EAM
/
 
C
HIEF
C
ONTENT
O
FFICER
,
 
K
NOWLEDGE
P
LATFORM
 
 A
 
NOWLEDGE 
P
LATFORM
HITEPAPER
– 
 
2008
 
Instructional games: a framework 
What did you learn today? 
Page | 2
 
Copyright © 2012 Knowledge Platform - All Rights Reserved | All Rights Reserved | Whitepaper
Abstract
In the last few years, there has been a lot of excitement about games in E-Learning. While everyone
understands the concept of games (didn’t we all grow up playing games?), we see different
interpretations of the word games when used in the context of E-Learning. The attempt in this paperis to demystify the concept of 
instructional games
and provide a framework and taxonomy that willhelp designers design games for E-Learning courseware.
Introduction
In the last few years, there has been a lot of excitement about games in E-Learning. While everyone
understands the concept of games (didn’t all of us grow up playing games?), we see different
interpretations of the word games when used in the context of E-Learning. The attempt in this paperis to demystify the concept of 
instructional games
and provide a framework and taxonomy that willhelp designers design games for E-Learning courseware. We also hope that this framework andtaxonomy will help our clients select the type of game that works best for their needs.
Instructional Game: A Definition
Games, when used appropriately, provide an excellent learning aid. Games can help clarify abstractand difficult concepts, provide a fun way to practice what is learned, and provide the variability thatis so necessary for holding attention. In short, games serve a two-fold purpose in the learningprocess.
 
Learning and Understanding
: Using games to teach helps learners practice essential formulas,facts and processes. Games can be used as a strategy to apply what the learners have learned.Games can also be used to address topics that learners have difficulty grasping.
 
Motivation
: Lack of interest in a topic or subject leads to a lack of motivation. Using games toteach such topics can make the topics more interesting, and adds a fun element to the learningprocess.In this paper, we use the term instructional game to imply an activity that is embedded in anylearning material for the purpose of enhancing the teaching-learning process and motivating thelearner to go through the learning material.
 
Instructional games: a framework 
What did you learn today? 
Page | 3
 
Copyright © 2012 Knowledge Platform - All Rights Reserved | All Rights Reserved | Whitepaper
Structure of an Instructional Game
Think about any game you have enjoyed playing. It must have had some ultimate goal, some way tokeep score, some rules to constrain the game, some type of difficulty or challenge and some strategyelement to increase your chances of winning.Just like games have certain attributes, we can also identify specific attributes of instructional games.These are as follows.
 
Score
: This is the element of winning or losing. It is the core of any game, including theinstructional game.
 
Strategy
: This element has a direct bearing on the score. If built into an instructional game, itallows the learner to manipulate the game so as to maximize his/her score. This element can bedesigned in the form of bonus points, rewards etc.
 
Message
: This element has a direct bearing on the learning objective of the learning material. Inother words, if the game is designed to communicate a concept to the learner, we can say that ithas a message component.
Score
StrategyMessage
Instructional Game: Structure 

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