Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
0Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Overcoming the Limitations of MQCs

Overcoming the Limitations of MQCs

Ratings: (0)|Views: 1 |Likes:
Published by Knowledge Platform

More info:

Published by: Knowledge Platform on Aug 22, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

08/22/2012

pdf

text

original

 
 
What did you learn today? 
O
VERCOMING THE LIMITATIONS OF MCQS
 
P
URNIMA
V
ALIATHAN
 
H
EAD
I
NSTRUCTIONAL
D
ESIGN
T
EAM
,
 
K
NOWLEDGE
P
LATFORM
 
 A
 
NOWLEDGE 
P
LATFORM
HITEPAPER
– 
 
2009
 
Overcoming the Limitations of MCQs
What did you learn today? 
Page | 2
 
Copyright © 2012 Knowledge Platform - All Rights Reserved | All Rights Reserved | Whitepaper
Abstract
Objective tests consist of items that provide a selection of alternative answers from which thelearner has to select
 –
in contrast to subjective tests that require the answer to be supplied by thelearner. One of the most commonly used types of objective item is the multiple-choice question(MCQ).The attempt in this paper is to analyze the advantages and disadvantages of multiple choicequestions (MCQs) in e-learning assessment, and look at a scoring strategy that can help reduce thedisadvantages.
Introduction
Objective tests consist of items that provide a selection of alternative answers from which thelearner has to select
 –
in contrast to subjective tests that require the answer to be supplied by thelearner. One of the most commonly used types of objective item is the multiple-choice question(MCQ).The attempt in this paper is to analyze the advantages and disadvantages of multiple choicequestions (MCQs) in e-learning assessment, and look at a scoring strategy that can help reduce thedisadvantages.MCQs consist of a simple question or incomplete statement which poses the problem (the stem),and four or more possible answers, one of these being correct (the answer) and the others beingincorrect (the distracters). MCQs allow one and only one answer to be chosen.Note: MCQs are different from multiple select questions - also known as multiple choice questions(MMCQs). In a multi-select question, the learner is asked to make several selections
 –
in otherwords, the question has more than one correct answer. The focus of this paper is on MCQs.
Advantages & Disadvantages of MCQs
MCQs are credited with a number of advantages - they are objective, so variations in marking due tosubjective factors are eliminated; they are good for testing factual knowledge; they are easy to mark,with total parity across students and therefore can be marked and scored electronically. This lastadvantage explains why most e-learning courses adopt this as the mode of assessing learners. Most
 
Overcoming the Limitations of MCQs
What did you learn today? 
Page | 3
 
Copyright © 2012 Knowledge Platform - All Rights Reserved | All Rights Reserved | Whitepaper
online assessment programs make use of MCQs, primarily because they can be easily used in LMSsystems and other web-based training courses.While there are seemingly obvious benefits of MCQs, they are not without limitations either. Overthe years, MCQs have been criticized for a number of reasons
 –
the construction of challenging MCQs require special care and is therefore time-consuming; they cannot measurecomplex human performance, and designers tend to favor "recall" type questions, as these are theeasiest to design; last but not the least, learners can guess their way through an MCQ test.
A framework for Scoring MCQs
While the disadvantages cited by critics of MCQs are indeed real, one cannot undermine the powerof MCQs, especially in the E-learning domain. The power of MCQs lies in the fact that informationcan be presented easily to the learners, and answers collected and evaluated with similar ease.Hence, one cannot easily dismiss this as an assessment strategy. What we can do as e-learningprofessionals is to tackle the disadvantages by using some strategies. At Knowledge Platform, wehave come up with a scoring framework to address some of these limitations and make MCQs moreversatile and challenging.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->