P. 1
Book 10 Justice

Book 10 Justice

Ratings: (0)|Views: 4 |Likes:
Published by Lemuel Gulliver XVI
After visiting The Colonies, the libertarian paradise, Commander. Gulliver and his friends meet a professor to talk about what is justice for a society. The ideas of justice rest on the three basic assumptions for our values as discussed in book 4. But another continuum needs to be addressed when looking at justice in a society. This deals with the equality to liberty continuum. The first question to discuss is whether or not we humans are equal or unequal. If we are equal then equality should be shown throughout the society, including the equality of wages or economic equality. If we are not equal then we should have the freedom, the liberty, to achieve to whatever levels we desire––including financial liberty.
Revolutionaries generally emphasize equality. The citizens believe they are equal to the kings and the cardinals. As America’s Declaration of Independence stated “All men are created equal.” But after the revolution the constitutions written almost universally emphasize liberty–– the freedom to vote, to stand equally before the law and possibly for equality of opportunity. In discussing the issues it was found that evidence for equality and inequality can be found in the Scriptures and the writings of theologians. From a non-theistic basis, equality was seen by Hobbes as the fact that anyone has the power to kill another. For that reason he thought we should have a monarchy to protect us from each other. But John Dewey, while admitting that people are not equal, saw equality as an ideal because it is essential in a Democratic society.
The European nations tend to believe in equality and run their societies along equalitarian lines. The US is much more geared to recognizing the inequality of people and allowing for economic liberty. The rich are getting richer and the poor are getting poorer. But most Americans don't recognize the extent of their poverty when compared to the rich in America or to the average citizens in Scandinavia.
After visiting The Colonies, the libertarian paradise, Commander. Gulliver and his friends meet a professor to talk about what is justice for a society. The ideas of justice rest on the three basic assumptions for our values as discussed in book 4. But another continuum needs to be addressed when looking at justice in a society. This deals with the equality to liberty continuum. The first question to discuss is whether or not we humans are equal or unequal. If we are equal then equality should be shown throughout the society, including the equality of wages or economic equality. If we are not equal then we should have the freedom, the liberty, to achieve to whatever levels we desire––including financial liberty.
Revolutionaries generally emphasize equality. The citizens believe they are equal to the kings and the cardinals. As America’s Declaration of Independence stated “All men are created equal.” But after the revolution the constitutions written almost universally emphasize liberty–– the freedom to vote, to stand equally before the law and possibly for equality of opportunity. In discussing the issues it was found that evidence for equality and inequality can be found in the Scriptures and the writings of theologians. From a non-theistic basis, equality was seen by Hobbes as the fact that anyone has the power to kill another. For that reason he thought we should have a monarchy to protect us from each other. But John Dewey, while admitting that people are not equal, saw equality as an ideal because it is essential in a Democratic society.
The European nations tend to believe in equality and run their societies along equalitarian lines. The US is much more geared to recognizing the inequality of people and allowing for economic liberty. The rich are getting richer and the poor are getting poorer. But most Americans don't recognize the extent of their poverty when compared to the rich in America or to the average citizens in Scandinavia.

More info:

Published by: Lemuel Gulliver XVI on Aug 22, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

08/22/2012

pdf

text

original

 
 
“. . . AND GULLIVER RETURNS”
--In Search of Utopia-- 
Book 10
JUSTICE—LIBERTY or EQUALITY
 
2
“. . . AND GULLIVER RETURNS”
--In Search of Utopia-- BOOK 10
JUSTICE—LIBERTY or EQUALITY
 byLemuel Gulliver XVI as told to Jacqueline Slow© 2012 ISBN 978-82-93232-22-3Dear friends—Obviously I wrote this series to be read from Book 1 to the end, but silly me!Readers often begin with what sounds interesting to them. This may leave them unaware of thecharacters, my friends and I. So let me introduce them. We were boyhood friends, as wild and asclose as geese heading south for the winter. But our university educations split us philosophically like a drop of quicksilver hitting the floor. But like those balls of mercury, when brought together, they again become one. As have we.
Ray
became a Catholic priest and moved far to the right of where our teenageliberalism had bound us. He calls himself a neo-conservative. We think he is a reactionary.Lee slid to the left of our adolescent leanings, and somewhere along the line becamean atheist. He is a lawyer.Concannon, Con for short, retired from his very successful business. I guess his business experience moved him a bit to the right, to conservatism—a conservative just to theright of the middle.
 
3Then there’s me. I think I’m pretty much a middle of the roader—except for my passion to save our planet by reducing our population before global warming, massive povertyand far-reaching famines decimate our humanity. Hope this introduction makes our discussionsmake a bit more sense.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 EQUALITY OR INEQUALITY AS A PILLAR OF JUSTICE .................................................... 4THE BASES OF JUSTICE ............................................................................................................ 8ARE WE EQUALLY HUMAN? ............................................................................................ 10WHAT SHOULD BE THE BASIC CONCEPT FOR JUSTICE IN A SOCIETY? ................... 13WHAT IS JUSTICE? ................................................................................................................... 18SOCIAL JUSTICE FOR YOUR SOCIETY ........................................................................... 24THE POLITICAL SPECTRUM .............................................................................................. 28WHAT IS A CONSERVATIVE ......................................................................................... 29WHAT IS A LIBERAL ....................................................................................................... 31SLAVERY ........................................................................................................................... 33ECONOMIC EQUALITY ....................................................................................................... 34EQUALITY ................................................................................................................................. 35ARE WE EQUAL? ...................................................................................................................... 39DEFINITIONS, BASIC ASSUMPTIONS AND NON-FACTUAL BELIEFS ...................... 46JUSTICE AS A SOCIAL CONTRACT .............................................................................. 46REQUIREMENTS FOR A JUST SOCIETY .......................................................................... 48RESPONSIBILITY ............................................................................................................. 52INEQUALITY ............................................................................................................................. 58EQUALITY FROM GOD ....................................................................................................... 59 NON-GOD BASED EQUALITY ........................................................................................... 61GREAT MAN THEORY ..................................................................................................... 68PRINCIPLES OF LIBERTY ............................................................................................... 73 NEGATIVE OR UNIMPEDED LIBERTY—THE FREEDOM FROM EXTERNALRESTRAINT ........................................................................................................................... 75POSITIVE LIBERTY .......................................................................................................... 77POSITIVE FREEDOM OR SELF-MOTIVATED LIBERTY ............................................ 79THE CONFLICT BETWEEN LIBERTY AND EQUALITY ............................................ 84LIBERTY ................................................................................................................................. 89EXTENDING LIBERTY TO LICENSE—AND CORRUPTION ..................................... 90WE SHOULD CLARIFY OUR DESIRES ......................................................................... 94PREJUDICE ............................................................................................................................ 98INCOME INEQUALITY .................................................................................................. 100AMERICAN INCOME INEQUALITY ............................................................................ 100REDISTRIBUTING WEALTH ........................................................................................ 103KEEP THE CITIZENS IGNORANT .................................................................................... 106TAX DEDUCTIONS FOR CHARITIES RESULT IN GOVERNMENTAL SUPPORTFOR THE LESS FORTUNATE—THE UNEQUAL ........................................................ 107WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF SOCIETY? ........................................................................... 114FOOTNOTES ........................................................................................................................ 116

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->