http://www.slideshare.net/cupidlucid/today-the-properties-presentationHuman language has the most flexible and versatile system of communication, are the only one capable of communicating in so may different ways other creatures let’s say the animals also are also capable of communication with other species however the range and complexity of animal and communication is staggering .in order for us o understand the difference of human and non human speech let us define firstCommunicative – InformativeHuman language has different properties that distinguish our communication system with that of the animalcommunication.
-That’s why when an infant born in Korea is raised in America, he will learn English because language is not in hisgenes. The ability is there, while he’ll have to learn language from around, from environment. A kitten, givencomparable early experiences, will produce
A sentence e.g. “I am a boy” can be stretched to unlimited lengths just by adding more and more words.Still it would be understandable, communicative and grammatical.Displacement - – We can communicate beyond the here and now . you can talk about the past events in your life aslong as you have a background of that
At one level
n, i, b
are three letters. At other level they create different meaning when we combinethem
. Still this meaning is changed when we manipulate the letters
. Thus at one level these are justletters, at other level they create different meaning while combining in different ways.
But this cannot be the case with animal communication. Dog says
when he is happy from you,means
I am so happy
. But dogs’ signal
cannot be broken down to its sub part
w, oo, f.
Neither dogscan create a new signal using same constituents as
has. It means dogs cannot create
as a new‘word’ having different meaning from
. So animal signals has no sub-level or ‘two levels’. Onlyhuman language possess this quality.
Arbitrary-But this kind of game also emphasises the relation of linguistic form with actual entity. ‘Small’ or ‘tall’ doesnot represent how actual “small” or “tall” could be.
– Language works on a sound system and one sound can change an entire wordLet’s see the sound of /p/ and /b/ they may not have big distinct difference. When pronounce separately but when uuse it in a word let’s say – “pack or back” there is not much of a distinction in pronunciation but the meaning isentirely change. This property is called discretenessDiscrete – disconnect or detached