Chapter V: Presumption in Aid of Construction and Interpretation
In construing doubtful statute, Courts presume that legislature intended to enact a valid, sensible and just law and one which changes the prior law to effectuate the specific purpose of the questioned act.However, if the language of the law is clear, courts should not resort to presumptions.
Presumption against unconstitutionality
Laws are presumed constitutional. This is based on the doctrine of separation of powers whichcommands each department to respect the acts of the other departments. Consequently, it is presumedthat the legislative and executive department have carefully studied the law and determined itsconstitutionality before it was enacted.The task of rebutting the presumption is on the party challenging the validity of the statute. To justifynullification of a law, there must be a clear and unequivocal breach of the constitution, not a doubtfuland argumentative implication. A law shall not be declared invalid unless the conflict with theconstitution is clear beyond reasonable doubt.
ARIS (Philippines) Inc. vs. NLRC
FACTS:Private respondents lodged a protest action against their employer, petitioner Aris Inc., since theirworking surroundings had become detrimental and hazardous. For these actions, they were dismissedfor violation of company rules and regulations.They filed a complaint for illegal dismissal against petitioner with the NLRC. The latter ruled in favor of them and ordered their reinstatement. Pending appeal by petitioner, they invoked Section 12 of RA
6715 which allows the execution of the Labor Arbiter’s decision pending appeal.
Petitioner assails the constitutionality of the said section of the law, as well as, Section 2 and 17 of thesame law.ISSUE/S:W/N Sections 2, 12, and 17 of RA 6715 are Constitutional.RULING:The court dismissed the petition of Aris Inc. and upheld the Constitutionality of the Section 2, 12, and 17of RA 6715.State, through its police power, may authorize an immediate implementation, pending appeal, of adecision reinstating a dismissed or separated employee. It is designed to stop the continued threat tothe survival of the dismissed or separated employee and his family.