ii) If we record 10 seconds of stereo music at 44.1KHz, 16 bits, what isit size in Kbytes?
iii) Why is data compression necessary for Multimedia activities?
iv) Describe briefly the MIDI.
-MIDI data does not encode individual samples. MIDI data encode
and commands to control instruments.-Common MIDI devices include electronic music synthesizers, modules, and MIDIdevices in common sound cards.-MIDI data are grouped into
. Each MIDI message represents amusical event, e.g., pressing a key, setting a switch or adjusting foot pedals.-A sequence of MIDI messages is grouped into a
i) Define the
ii) There are two ways of synthesizing MIDI sounds; FM synthesis andwave-table synthesis. Discuss the two methods.
(Frequency Modulation)—Using one sine wave to modulate another sinewave, thus generating a new wave which is rich in
. It consists of the two originalwaves, their sum and difference and
.The drawbacks of FM synthesis are: the generated sound is not real; there is no exactformula for generating a particular sound.Wave-table synthesis — It stores representative digital sound samples. It manipulatesthese sample, e.g., by changing the pitch, to create the complete range of notes.
ii) Define the following coding scheme. Using this coding methodcompress the following uncompressed data : ABBBBCCDEFGa.Run-length coding.
Where data files frequently contain the same character repeated many timesin a row.
is anentropy encoding algorithmused for lossless data compression. The
term refers to the use of avariable-length codetable for encoding a sourcesymbol (such as a character in a file) where the variable-length code tablehas been derived in a particular way based on the estimated probability of occurrence for each possible value of the source symbol.A(1)B(4)C(2)D(1)E(1)F(1)