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Chapter III

Chapter III

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Published by Saumya Ranjan Kar

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Published by: Saumya Ranjan Kar on Aug 23, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Power sector plays a very important role in transforming the economyinto an industrially developed economy. The power sectors are required tofunction as autonomous corporate entities and to have independent,transparent and democratic regulations to guide and monitor their efficient,economical and competitive functions in commercial lines. The state of ODISHA is the unique distinction of being power pioneer in the countryundertaking reform and restructuring in the power sector of the state. In 10states of India, the private sector is operating to produce power to theextent of 1316.15MW.If we look at the region wise, northern regionproduces the highest hydro power in the private sector followed by westernregion (460.50MW) and southern region (55.45), but it is surprising to notethat private sector is not operating to produce power in the private sector.In the Eastern region, Odisha tops the list of generation of power, out of 2496.53MW produced in the total eastern region of odisha alone produces2062 MW of hydro power.Its is surprising to note that private sector are notallowed to produce power in this state. Odisha is the first state of thecountry to take up the power sector reforms to ensure stable & qualitypower at reasonable cost. The department of energy was created in 24 thApril 1990 being separated from the Dept. of water resources..Presentlythree public sector undertakings viz: Grid Corporation of Odisha Limited(GRIDCO), Odisha Hydro Power Corporation Limited(OHPC), and OdishaPower Generation Corporation Limited(OPGC) are functioning under theadministrative control of Dept. of energy, Govt. of Orissa. The Odisha Electricity Regulatory Commission (OREC) which is a quasi judicial independent body ensures transparent regulatory measures in thepower sector of the state.Out of these three public undertakings, OHPC isselected for the purpose of the present study.Odisha Hydro Power Corporation Limited was formed in terms of Odisha Electricity Reforms Act 1995 and the hydro power generatingstations of Govt. of Odisha as well as erstwhile OSEB were transferred tothe control of OHPC as per the Odisha Electricity Reform (Tansfer of 
Undertakings, Assets, Liabillities, Proceedings and Personnel) Scheme Rules1996 and Amendment Rules 1997.It is a Govt. of Odisha Undertaking andwas incorporated on 21 st April 1995. The efficient resource management by the process of automation hasresulted in providing cheapest electricity to the people of Odisha. OHPCplays an important role in maintaining Grid discipline under the ABT regimefor the Eastern regional Grid by supporting peak support.
As a result of Orissa Electricity Reforms Act 1995 and the OdishaReforms OHPC, was registered under ICA on 21
April 1995, which becameoperational with effect from 1
April 1996 as per notification no.335 and336.Initially all the assets, liabilities and proceedings acquired by StateGovernment as well as those owned by it into generation, transmission anddistribution undertakings. Those which could not be classified above weretreated as residuary assets, liabilities and proceedings initiated.Being a newly set up corporation with employees from erstwhile OSEB,ex- employees of State Government and also employees directly recruitedby OHPC, the HRD wing, faced various challenges to meet multifariousproblems in interaction of such employees into a cohesive group to achieveorganizational goals.In overall, There are seven hydro power projects viz: Hirakud-I, Burla,Hirakud-II (Chiplima), Balimela, Rengali, Upper Kolab, Upper Indravati,Machkund, which are under operation. Two units of Balimela Hydro ElectricProject and Balimela Extension Project has been completed with a installedcapacity of 2x75 MW. 

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